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College English Band 6 composition template (full version)

2022-05-14 14:04:20Answer ghost

CET6 composition template
A complete collection of composition templates
The first part is the narrative topic composition diy
Writing steps
   Ask candidates to write a narrative , Describe when the event occurred 、 place 、 reason 、 People and results , Finally, a simple analysis of the event , Such as :2003 year 6 Monthly CET-4 composition 、2003 year 9 Monthly CET-4 composition 、2004 year 6 CET-6 composition . For this type of question , There are usually three steps to write :
   The first paragraph 、 Summary description
   Explain clearly the characters involved in the story 、 Time 、 place :
   topic sentence
   The second paragraph 、 A detailed description
   Specifically describe the cause of the event 、 What happened and what happened
   cause + after + result
   The third paragraph 、 Analysis of events
   Analytical sentences 1+ Analytical sentences 2+ analysis 3
The second part 、 Narrative topic composition diy Writing model exercises
[ Practical drill ]
  directions:for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic the day my classmate fell ill.
  1、 Briefly describe the student's illness ;
2、 classmate 、 How the teacher and I helped him ;
  3、 The mutual love between people gives me the feeling that …
[diy Writing templates : Architecture phase ]
   The first paragraph :
   The opening sentence :about _____ o’clock one evening in _______, .
   extended sentence :
___. ( Expand and describe the event )      
   The second paragraph :
topic sentence :without hesitation, _____. it wasn’t long before _____.
   extended sentence :1、one ______.
      2、another _______.
      3、our teacher _______.
   The third paragraph :
   Closing sentence :is _______? who can tell ? but ______.
   extended sentence :1、when ____ , people showed _____ spirit regardless of ____.
      2、this kind of care between persons is the very kind giving, unselfish and priceless devotion or sacrifice.
      3、and it is just because of this care that we can have warm families, a happy life and a beautiful world.
[diy Writing templates : Filling stage ]
   The first paragraph :
The opening sentence :about nine o’clock one evening in may, my roommate li ming was lying in bed, trembling with cold and having a cough.
   extended sentence :his head was aching so intensely that he kept groaning. his forehead felt very hot. we took his temperature. it was 38.5℃. ( Expand and describe the event )       
   The second paragraph :
topic sentence :without hesitation, i dialed “120”. it wasn’t long before an ambulance arrived.
   extended sentence :1、one roommate brought a blanket for him.
      2、another supported him in the ambulance.
      3、our teacher insisted on giving him some money.
   The third paragraph :
   Closing sentence :is he a suspedted sars patient? who can tell ? but we did’t retreat.
   extended sentence :1、when the savage sars was spreading, people showed fearless spirit regardless of dangers to their own health.
      2、this kind of care between persons is the very kind giving, unselfish and priceless devotion or sacrifice.
      3、and it is just because of this care that we can have warm families, a happy life and a beautiful world.
The third part 、 The idol
  about nine o’clock one evening in may, my roommate li ming was lying in bed, trembling with cold and having a cough.his head was aching so intensely that he kept groaning. his forehead felt very hot. we took his temperature. it was 38.5℃.       
  without hesitation, i dialed “120”. it wasn’t long before an ambulance arrived. one roommate brought a blanket for him. another supported him in the ambulance. our teacher insisted on giving him some money.
  is he a suspedted sars patient? who can tell ? but we did’t retreat. when the savage sars was spreading, people showed fearless spirit regardless of dangers to their own health.this kind of care between persons is the very kind giving, unselfish and priceless devotion or sacrifice.and it is just because of this care that we can have warm families, a happy life and a beautiful world.


The first part 、 CET-4 and CET-6 composition : Positive and negative point of view question composition diy
Writing steps
   Ask the examinee to demonstrate a point of view from both positive and negative aspects , Such as 2000 year 6 Monthly CET-4 composition 、1996 year 6 September 4-6 composition 、1996 year 1 Monthly CET-4 and CET-6 composition . For this type of question , There are usually four steps to write :
   The first paragraph 、 Beginning of article , Let's briefly discuss the incident
   The second paragraph 、 Explain the first view listed in the outline , Give reasons or examples :
   topic sentence + reason / give an example 1+ reason / give an example 2+ reason / give an example 3
   The third paragraph 、 Explain the first view listed in the outline , Give reasons or examples :
   topic sentence + reason / give an example 1+ reason / give an example 2+ reason / give an example 3
   The fourth paragraph 、 Show your point of view and end the full text
At the end , Be sure to make your point .
The second part 、 Positive and negative point of view question composition diy Writing model exercises
[ Practical drill ]
  directions:for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic china jointing wto. you should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline below:
  1、 Join in wto The benefits to us ;
2、 Join in wto Disadvantages brought to us ;
  3、 How do we do it .
[diy Writing templates : Architecture phase ]
   The first paragraph : The beginning of the article
   The opening sentence :finally succeeded in _____ after many’s efforts.
   extended sentence :
will influence _____ greatly.
   The second paragraph : Express a positive view
topic sentence :
_ brings ____ many benefits and opportunities.
   extended sentence :1、as _____ , ______ can ______.
      2、what’s more, _______.
   The third paragraph : Express negative views
topic sentence :every thing has two aspects.
   extended sentence :1、
can also bring us some challenges. for example, ______.
      2、in addition, it will be more difficult for _____ to _____, as ____.      
   The fourth paragraph : ending , Express your opinion
   Closing sentence :however, ____ does more good than harm to ____.
   extended sentence :what we should do is to ______.
[diy Writing templates : Filling stage ]
   The first paragraph : The beginning of the article
   The opening sentence :china finally succeeded in jointing the wto after many’s efforts.
   extended sentence :this event will influence the economy in china greatly
   The second paragraph : Express a positive view
topic sentence :jointing the wto brings china many benefits and opportunities.
   extended sentence :1、as a member coutry, china can enjoy many rights that can boost the development of the economy in china.
      2、what’s more, the chinese people can buy productd of high quality with less pay.
   The third paragraph : Express negative views
topic sentence :every thing has two aspects.
   extended sentence :1、joining the wto can also bring us some challenges. for example, some producers may be wiped out because of the intense competition.
2、in addition, it will be more difficult for us to get a job, as the requirement for the employees will become higher.      
   The fourth paragraph : ending , Express your opinion
   Closing sentence :however, this great event does more good than harm to us.
   extended sentence :what we should do is to improve ourselves to become qualified for certain positions and live a better life.
The third part 、 The idol
  china finally succeeded in jointing the wto after many’s efforts.this event will influence the economy in china greatly.
  jointing the wto brings china many benefits and opportunities.as a member coutry, china can enjoy many rights that can boost the development of the economy in china.what’s more, the chinese people can buy productd of high quality with less pay.
  every thing has two aspects.joining the wto can also bring us some challenges. for example, some producers may be wiped out because of the intense competition. in addition, it will be more difficult for us to get a job, as the requirement for the employees will become higher.
  however, this great event does more good than harm to us.what we should do is to improve ourselves to become qualified for certain positions and live a better life.

The first part 、 CET-4 and CET-6 composition : English letter question composition diy
Writing steps
   Ask candidates to write an English letter according to the outline , Such as 2005 year 12 CET-6 composition 、2005 year 1 September 4-6 composition 、2004 year 6 September 4-6 composition 、2004 year 1 Monthly CET-4 composition . For this type of question , Usually divided into 5 There are three steps to write :
   First of all 、 Beginning of article : call
   The second paragraph 、 Greetings , Lead out the purpose of the letter :
   Greetings + topic sentence ( notes : Greetings and topic sentences can be the same sentence )
   The third paragraph 、 Expand the main paragraph according to the outline :
   topic sentence + extended sentence 1+ extended sentence 2+ extended sentence 3
   The fourth paragraph 、 Make your point , And end the main paragraph of the letter
   At the end, I want him to talk about his views
   The fifth paragraph 、 Greetings + Sign off
The second part 、 English letter question composition diy Writing model exercises
[ Practical drill ]
  directions:for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic a letter to the university president about the canteen service campus. you should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline below:
   If you are Li Ming , Please write a letter to the headmaster about the situation of the canteen of our school , The content should include : Food quality in canteen 、 Price 、 Environmental Science 、 Service etc. , It can be praise , It can also be criticism and suggestion , Or both .
[diy Writing templates : Architecture phase ]
The first paragraph : call
  dear mr. president,
   The second paragraph : Lead out the purpose of the letter
topic sentence : this letter comes to you from ____.
   extended sentence : in it, some opinions are put forward for you to reflect upon
   The third paragraph : A positive view of the school canteen
topic sentence :as you know, _____ . but unfortunately, ___.
   extended sentence :1、
. ( give an example ) as a result, _____.
      2、besides, ______.  
      3、and what’s more, _____.
The fourth paragraph : Negative views of the school canteen
topic sentence :some people may argue that ____.
   extended sentence :1、for instance, ____ and ____.
      2、but in my opinon, ______.  
   The fifth paragraph : ending , Express your opinion
   Closing sentence :to be belief, though a bit dissatisfied with _____.
   extended sentence :i do believe that, with the efforts of all people concerned, we can solved the problems there. thanks. li ming
[diy Writing templates : Filling stage ]
   The first paragraph : call
  dear mr. president,
   The second paragraph : Lead out the purpose of the letter
topic sentence : this letter comes to you from one of your students.
   extended sentence : in it, some opinions are put forward for you to reflect upon
   The third paragraph : Views on the school canteen
topic sentence :as you know, our students are the main customers of the university canteen. but unfortunately, we don’t find the service there satisfying sometimes.
extended sentence :
1、the food is not as nutritious as it should be. ( give an example ) as a result, some of us become thinner and weaker at university.
  2、besides, sometimes the canteen people just bring us steamed bread with their dirty bare hands.  
  3、and what’s more, the fare is also a little higher at university.
   The fourth paragraph : What others think of the canteen
topic sentence :some people may argue that measures have been taken and things are improving there.
extended sentence :
1、for instance, ic cards have taken the place of money in the canteed, and the attitude of the service people is also changing.
2、but in my opinon, progress is not so quick and thorough.  
   The fifth paragraph : ending , Express your opinion
   Closing sentence :to be belief, though a bit dissatisfied with the present canteen conditions,
   extended sentence :i do believe that, with the efforts of all people concerned, we can solved the problems there. thanks. 
The third part 、 The idol
dear mr. president,
  this letter comes to you from one of your students.in it, some opinions are put forward for you to reflect upon.  
  as you know, our students are the main customers of the university canteen. but unfortunately, we don’t find the service there satisfying sometimes.the food is not as nutritious as it should be. as a result, some of us become thinner and weaker at university.besides, sometimes the canteen people just bring us steamed bread with their dirty bare hands.and what’s more, the fare is also a little higher at university.
  some people may argue that measures have been taken and things are improving there.for instance, ic cards have taken the place of money in the canteed, and the attitude of the service people is also changing.but in my opinon, progress is not so quick and thorough.

The beginning of a changeable sentence changes your sentence pattern
1. Start a sentence with an apposition .
 The most popular teacher in Neworiental, Ma Zihui, will attend the party. 2. Start a sentence with a single modifier .
This modifier can be an adjective 、 Participle or adverb .
Young and ambitious,JieYu works hard to teach Englsih.
Secretly, the girl entered the room.
With a book in her hands, Fang Meng talked to a foreigner.
  Exhausted, the students reached the top of the mountain.
3. Start a sentence with a phrase modifier .
Phrase modifiers can be prepositional phrases 、 Infinitive phrases 、 Participle phrases and independent nominative structures .
  In front of me stood a beautiful girl.
  To pass the exam, the students worked hard.
  Confused about the problem, he went to ask for his teacher.
  Your homework finished, you may go home.
  4. Start a sentence with a clause .
  If I am free, I will attend your lecture.
  Whenever one goes, whatever one does, one needs money.
Common phrases and sentence patterns at the beginning of English composition for postgraduate entrance examination
(1) With the (rapidly) growing popularity of (computers/private cars) in China, the quality of our lives has been considerably changed.
(2) With the (rapid) growth of (our economy/population), many problems such as (water shortages/waste of energy/lack of professionals and chaotic management) are beginng to surface
(3) With the development of (science and technology/market economy), more and more/an increasing number of people come to realize that …
(4) Currently there is a widespread/serious concern over (illegal publication/drug abuse/negative influence of western cultures).
(5) Nowadays, a heated debated/discussion about…is under way in China .some people believe that …, whereas others argue that…
(6) There are some reasons for owning (private cars/ personal computers). To begin with,… Next,… Last, … There are, on the oher hand, many reasons against it. First, … Second,… Finally,…
(7) There are many advantanges and disadvantages in (owning a car).
(8) There are various /at least three ways/possible techniques/problems/methods to do something
(9) Smoking/Alcoholic beverage should be banned from college campuses for toe reasons. The first reason is that … The second reason is that … /On the one hand , … On the other hand. …
(10) The possible solutions of (the enery crisis/water shortanges/these social problems) depend on three factors…
(11) The tow major reasons responsible for (the rapid economic growth /the widespread of fake products ) are…

Twenty six sentence patterns that must be remembered in high score compositions
One 、~~~ the + ~ est + Noun + (that) + Subject + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

 example sentence :Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.   
          Helen is the most beautiful girl I have ever seen . 
Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.   
          Mr. Zhang is the kindest teacher I have ever met . 
 Two 、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more +  Adjective  + than to + V   
 example sentence :Nothing is more important than to receive education.   
        Nothing is more important than receiving education . 
 3、 ... and 、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.( How can I emphasize ... The importance of .) 
 example sentence :We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.    We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much . 
 Four 、There is no denying that + S + V ...( There is no denying that ...)   
 example sentence :There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.   There is no denying that , Our quality of life has gone from bad to worse . 
 5、 ... and 、It is universally acknowledged that +  The sentence ~~ ( The whole world knows ...) 
 example sentence :It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.   
            The whole world knows that trees are indispensable to us . 
 6、 ... and 、There is no doubt that +  The sentence ~~ ( There is no doubt that ...) 
 example sentence :There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.     There is no doubt that our education system is unsatisfactory . 
 7、 ... and 、An advantage of ~~~ is that +  The sentence  (... The advantages of ...) 
 example sentence :An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.    The advantage of using solar energy is that it won't create any pollution . 
 8、 ... and 、The reason why +  The sentence  ~~~ is that +  The sentence  (... The reason is that ...)   
 example sentence :The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.  The reason why we have to plant trees is that they can supply us with fresh air . 
 Nine 、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~  
The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~( The more ... The more ...) 
 example sentence :The harder you work, the more progress you make.  
                    The harder you work , The more progress you make .
The more books we read, the more learned we become.  
                    The more books we read , The more learned we are . 
 Ten  、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ ( Borrow ...,.. can ..) 
 example sentence :By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.  
            By doing sports , We can always stay healthy . 
 11、 ... and 、~~~ enable + Object( object )+ to + V (.. send .. can ..)  
 example sentence :Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.  
           Listening to music makes us feel relaxed .  
 Twelve 、It is time + S +  past tense  ( Should be ... It's time )  
 example sentence :It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the trafficproblems.  It's time for the authorities concerned to take appropriate measures to solve the traffic problem . 
 13、 ... and 、Those who ~~~ (... People who ...)  
 example sentence :Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.  
            Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished .
 fourteen 、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V ( Cannot but ...)  
 example sentence :Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.  Since the exam is imminent , I have to give up doing sports . 
 15、 ... and 、It is conceivable that +  The sentence  ( It is conceivable that )  
It is obvious that +  The sentence  ( The obvious )  
It is apparent that +  The sentence  ( apparent )  
 example sentence :It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.  As one can imagine , Knowledge plays an important role in our life . 
 sixteen 、That is the reason why ~~~ ( That's it ... Why )  
 example sentence :Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don’t like it.   It's hot in summer . That's why I don't like it .  
 seventeen 、Since + S +  past tense ,S +  Now complete .  
 example sentence :Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard. Since he went to high school , He has been working hard . 
 eighteen 、be based on ( With ... Based on )  
 example sentence :The progress of the society is based on harmony.  
       Social progress is based on harmony . 
 nineteen 、be closely related to ~~ ( And ... Is closely linked )  
 example sentence :Taking exercise is closely related to health.  
        Exercise is closely related to health .   
 twenty 、Get into the habit of + Ving  
= make it a rule to + V ( To develop ... The habit of )  
 example sentence :We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.  
       We should form the habit of going to bed early and getting up early .  
 The 21st 、What a + Adj + N + S + V! = How + Adj + a + N + V!( How ...!)  
 example sentence :What an important thing it is to keep our promise!  
How important a thing it is to keep our promise!  
        How important it is to keep your promise ! 
 Twenty-two 、Leave much to be desired ( Unsatisfactory )  
 example sentence :The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.  
        Our traffic condition is unsatisfactory . 
 23 、Have a great influence on ~~~ ( Yes ... It has a great influence )  
 example sentence :Smoking has a great influence on our health.  
        Smoking has a great impact on our health . 
 Twenty-four 、do good to ( Yes ... Beneficial ),do harm to ( Yes ... Harmful )  
 example sentence :Reading does good to our mind. Reading is good for the mind .  
Overwork does harm to health. Overwork is harmful to health . 
 twenty-five 、Pose a great threat to ~~ ( Yes ... Pose a major threat )  
 example sentence :Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.  
                        Pollution poses a great threat to our survival . 
 hexacosa- 、do one’s utmost to + V = do one’s best ( Try your best to ...)  
 example sentence :We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.  
                          We should try our best to achieve our goal in life .
 A summary of the sentences in the composition of CET-4 and CET-6 
 start  
Recently, the problem of … has aroused people’s concern. 
 lately ,… The problem has attracted people's attention . 
Internet has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well. 
 The Internet has played a more and more important role in our life . It has brought us many benefits , But there are also some serious problems .
Nowadays, (overpopulation) has become a problem we have to face. 
 Now ,( overpopulation ) It has become a problem we have to face . 
It is commonly believed that… / It is a common belief that… 
 It is generally believed that … 
Many people insist that… 
 Many people insist that … 
With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that …  With the development of science and technology , More and more people think … 
A lot of people seem to think that… 
 Many people seem to think that … 
 ending  
Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that… 
 Take all these factors into account , We will naturally come to the conclusion that … 
Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that …  Consider all these factors ,  We may come to a reasonable conclusion …
Hence/Therefore, we’d better come to the conclusion that… 
 therefore , We'd better come to the conclusion that … 
There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits. 
 without doubt , Job hopping has both advantages and disadvantages . 
All in all, we cannot live without… But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise. 
 All in all , We don't have it … Life is impossible . But at the same time , We must seek new solutions to deal with new problems that may arise .
 Elicit different views : 
People’s views on… vary from person to person. Some hold that… . However, others believe that….
 People are right. … Opinions vary from person to person . Some people think that …..  But others think ... 
People may have different opinions on…
 People are right. … There may be different opinions . 
Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person.
 People's attitudes towards drug use vary from person to person . 
There are different opinions among people as to… 
 About ….  People have very different views . 
Different people hold different attitudes toward (failure).  Yes ( Failure ) People have different attitudes . 
 offer a proposal : 
It is high time that we put an end to the (trend). It's time for us to stop this trend . 
It is time to take the advice of … and to put special emphasis on the improvement of … 
 It's time to adopt … The advice of , Also on … It's time to pay special attention to the progress of . 
There is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of … 
 without doubt , Yes … The problem should be given enough attention . 
Obviously,…. If we want to do something… , it is essential that… 
 obviously , If we want to do something , It's important to … 
Only in this way can we…     That's the only way , We can … 
It must be realized that…  We have to realize that … 
 Foretell the consequences : 
Obviously, if we don’t control the problem, the chances are that… will lead us in danger.  Obviously , If we can't control this problem , There is a good chance that we will be in danger .
No doubt, unless we take effective measures, it is very likely that… 
 without doubt , Unless we take effective measures , Probably … 
It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation. 
 It is urgent that , Immediate measures should be taken to stop the development of this situation .
 demonstration 
From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the first opinion rather than the second.  in my opinion , It makes more sense to support the first view than the second . 
I cannot entirely agree with the idea that…  I can't fully agree with this view …. 
Personally, I am standing on the side of … Personally ,  I stand … One side of . 
I sincerely believe that…  I sincerely believe … 
In my opinion, it is more advisable to do … than to do…. 
 In my opinion , do … Compare … Wiser . 
Finally, to speak frankly, there is also a more practical reason why… 
 Give reasons : 
This phenomenon exists for a number of reasons. First, … Second, … Third, … 
 There are many reasons for this phenomenon . First , …  second , …  Third ,… 
Why did… ? For one thing… For another…. Perhaps the primary reason is… 
 why …?  One reason is that …  One reason for this is … Perhaps the main reason is …. 
I quite agree with the statement that… the reasons are chiefly as follows. 
 I quite agree with this statement , namely …, The main reasons are as follows : 
 List solutions : 
Here are some suggestions for handling… 
 Here are some suggestions on how to deal with something . 
The best way to solve the troubles is…   
 The best way to solve these troubles is … 
People have figured out many ways to solve this problem.
 People have found many ways to solve this problem .
 Criticize wrong views and practices : 
As far as something is concerned, ….  As far as sth is concerned ,… 
It was obvious that…       Obviously ,…. 
It may be true that…, but it doesn’t mean that…    
 Probably … Yes. , But that doesn't mean … 
It is natural to believe that… , but we shouldn’t ignore that… 
 Think …. It's natural , But we should not ignore …. 
There is no evidence to suggest that…  There is no evidence … 
 Transitional words  
 emphasize  
still, Indeed, apparently, oddly enough, of course, after all, significantly, interestingly, also, above all, surely, certainly, undoubtedly, in any case, anyway, above all, in fact, especially, obviously, clearly. 
 Compare  
like, similarly, likewise, in the same way, in the same manner, equally. 
 contrast  
by contrast, on the contrary, while, whereas, on the other hand, unlike, instead, but, conversely, different from, however, nevertheless, otherwise, whereas, unlike, yet, in contrast. 
 list  
for example, for instance, such as, take …for example. Except (for), to illustrate. 
 Time  
later, next, then, finally, at last, eventually, meanwhile, from now on, at the same time, for the time being, in the end, immediately, in the meantime, in the meanwhile, recently, soon, now and then, during,nowadays, since, lately, as soon as, afterwards,
temporarily, earlier, now, after a while. 
 The order  
first, second, third, then, finally, to begin with, first of all, in the first place, last, next, above all, last but not the least, first and most important.
 Probably  
presumably, probably, perhaps. 
 explain  
in other words, in fact, as a matter of fact, that is, namely, in simpler terms. 
 Progressive  
What is more, in addition, and, besides, also, furthermore, too, moreover, furthermore, as well as, additionally, again. 
 compromise  
although, after all, in spite of…, despite, even if, even though, though, admittedly, whatever may happen. 
 transition  
however, rather than, instead of, but, yet, on theother hand, unfortunately. whereas 
 reason  
for this reason, due to, thanks to, because, because of, as, since, owing to. 
 result  
as a result, thus, hence, so, therefore, accordingly, consequently, as consequence. 
 summary  
on the whole, in conclusion, in a word, to sum up, in brief, in summary, to conclude, to summarize, in short. 
 other  
Mostly, occasionally, currently, naturally, mainly, exactly, evidently, frankly, commonly, for this purpose, to a large extent, for most of us, in many cases, in this case
 Common sentence patterns in chart composition  
As is shown in the graph…     As shown in the figure … 
The graph shows that…    Chart display … 
As can be seen from the table, …    As can be seen from the table … 
From the chart, we know that…    From this table , We know …
All these data clearly prove the fact that… 
 All these data clearly prove this fact , namely … 
The increase of …. in the city has reached to 20%.
 Of this city …. The growth has reached 20%.
In 1985, the number remained the same.
1985 year , This number remains unchanged .
There was a gradual decline in 1989.
1989 year , There has been a gradual decline .

 A summary of the basic sentence patterns of CET-4 and CET-6 composition 1
 The basic sentence patterns of CET-4 and CET-6 composition 
 The following is the most frequently used composition in CET-4 and CET-6 、 The basic sentence pattern with the widest coverage , The functions of each group of sentences are the same or similar , Candidates can choose one of them according to their own situation 1-2 individual , Be able to imitate or apply skillfully and correctly .   
  1. Show why    
  1)There are three reasons for this.   
  2)The reasons for this are as follows.   
  3)The reason for this is obvious.   
  4)The reason for this is not far to seek.   
  5)The reason for this is that...   
  6)We have good reason to believe that...   
   for example :   
  There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people’s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.   
   notes : If the candidate is not sure to write the first sentence , You can rewrite it into two sentences . Such as :Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this. Writing in this way can avoid misexpression in application .   
  2. Show benefits    
  1)It has the following advantages.   
  2)It does us a lot of good.   
  3)It benefits us quite a lot.   
  4)It is beneficial to us.   
  5)It is of great benefit to us.   
   for example :   
  Books are like friends.They ca n help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.   
  3. It means bad    
  1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.   
  2)It does us much harm.   
  3)It is harmful to us.  
   for example :   
  However,everything dividesinto two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion.   
  4. It means important 、 necessary 、 difficult 、 convenient 、 Probably    
  1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth.   
  2)We think it necessary to do sth.   
  3)It plays an important role in our life.   
   for example :   
  Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon, computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.   
  5. Indicates a measure    
  1)We should take some effective measures.
2)We should try our best to overcome(con quer)the difficulties.   
  3)We should do our utmost in doing sth.   
  4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.   
   for example :   
  The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.   
  6. Indicates change    
  1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.   
  2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.   
  3)The computer has brought about many changes in education.   
   for example :   
  Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.   
  7. Express the fact 、 present situation    
  1)We cannot ignore the fact that...   
  2)No one can deny the fact that...   
  3)There is no denying the fact that...   
  4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.   
  5)However,that’s not the&nb sp;case.   
   for example :   
  We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.   
  8. For comparison    
  1)Compared with A,B...   
  2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.   
  3)There is a striking contrast between them.   
   for example :   
  Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum.Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least,they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.   
  9. It means quantity    
  1)It has increased(decreased)from...to...   
  2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000.   
  3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.   
   for example :   
  With the improvement of the living standard,the proportion of people’s income spent on food has dec reased while that spent on education has increased.   
   Again :   
  From the graph listed above,itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.   
   notes :“From the graph listed above,it can be seen that” See sentence pattern 12. The examinee will the sentence pattern 9 And sentence patterns 12 Bind together , You can write 2002 year 6 month CET -4、6 The first paragraph of the essay .   
  10. Express an opinion    
  1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth.   
  2)People have different opinions on this problem.   
  3)People take different views of(on)the question.   
  4)Some people believe that...Others argue that...   
   for example :   
  People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success.   
  Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor.However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers.   
   Again :   
  Do“lucky numbers really bring good luck?Different people have different views on it.   
   notes : A paragraph is sometimes appropriate to start with a question , Candidates should master this writing method .   
  11. Express a conclusion    
  1)In short,it can be said that...
2)It may be briefly summed up as follows.   
  3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...   
   for example :   
  From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however, its method should be improved.   
   notes : example sentence 1 A concluding sentence that can be used in any paragraph ; example sentence 3 Use the first sentence of the conclusion paragraph of the article .   
  12. Idioms    
  1)It’s well known to us that ...   
  2)As is known to us,...   
  3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about.   
  4)From the graph(table,chart)listed above,it can be seen that ...   
  5)As aproverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way.    
   for example :   
  As is well known to us,it is important for the students to know the world outside campus.   
  The reason for this is obvious.Nowadays,the society is changing and developing rapidly,and the campus is no longer an“ivory tower .As college students,we must get in touch with the world outside the campus.Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate.   
   Again :   Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it.
 CET-4 and CET-6 (CET) Classic composition : Perfect sentence pattern piece 
 These authentic sentence structures ! I suggest you recite this English composition 2007 year 12 Monthly CET-4 and CET-6 (CET) Classic composition : Perfect sentence pattern piece , And extract the key sentence patterns , Apply it to your composition , You can get high marks ! 
 start  
A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” ( Apply to the famous saying that has been remembered )   
It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. ( Applicable to self-made famous sayings )   
As everyone knows, No one can deny that…   
According to a recent survey, about 78.90f the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.   
 The main body  
to begin with, then, furthermore, finally( Strongly recommend )   
to start with, next, in addition, finally( Strongly recommend )   
first and foremost, besides, last but not least( Strongly recommend )   
most important of all, moreover, finally   
on the one hand, on the other hand( It applies to two points )   
for one thing, for another thing( It applies to two points )   
in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner   
on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …   
 ending  
Obviously( This is a transitional phrase ), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.   
to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus   
Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…   
Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.   
Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.   
Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.   
 One 、~~~ the + ~ est +  Noun  + (that) +  Subject  + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)   
~~~ the most +  Adjective  +  Noun  + (that) +  Subject  + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)   
 example sentence :Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.   
 Two 、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more +  Adjective  + than to + V   
 example sentence :Nothing is more important than to receive education.   
 3、 ... and 、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.( How can I emphasize ... The importance of .)   
 example sentence :We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.   
 Four 、There is no denying that + S + V ...( There is no denying that ...)   
 example sentence :There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.   
 5、 ... and 、It is universally acknowledged that +  The sentence ~~ ( The whole world knows ...)   
 example sentence :It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.   
 6、 ... and 、There is no doubt that +  The sentence ~~ ( There is no doubt that ...)   
 example sentence :There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.   
 7、 ... and 、An advantage of ~~~ is that +  The sentence  (... The advantages of ...)
 example sentence :An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.   
 8、 ... and 、The reason why +  The sentence  ~~~ is that +  The sentence  (... The reason is that ...)   
 example sentence :The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to   
grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.   
 Nine 、So +  Adjective  + be +  Subject  + that +  The sentence  ( such ... So that the ...)   
 example sentence :So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it.   
 Ten 、Adj + as + Subject( Subject )+ be, S + V~~~ ( although ...)   
 example sentence :Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account  Not at all }   
 11、 ... and 、On no account can we  + V ~~~ ( We must not ...)    
 example sentence :On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.    
 Twelve 、It is time + S +  past tense  ( Should be ... It's time )    
 example sentence :It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.    
 13、 ... and 、There is no one but ~~~ ( No one does not ...)    
 example sentence :There is no one but longs to go to college.    
 fourteen 、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V ( Cannot but ...)    
 example sentence :Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.    
 15、 ... and 、It pays to + V ~~~ (... it is worth that .)    
 example sentence :It pays to help others.    
 sixteen 、Spare no effort to + V ( Spare no effort )    
 example sentence :We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.    
 A good sentence ~~ 
 One ) Compare      
1.The advantage far outweigh the disadvantages.    
2.The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.    
3.A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...    
4.It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim that...    
5.For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.    
6.Like anything else, it has its faults.    
7.A and B has several points in common.    
8.A bears some resemblances to B.    
9.However, the same is not applicable to B.    
10. A and B differ in several ways.    
11. Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.    
12. People used to think ..., but things are different now.    
13. The same is true of B.     
14. Wondering as A is ,it has its drawbacks.    
15. It is true that A ... , but the chief faults (obvious defects )are ...    
 Two ) reason     
1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation.   
A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )   (account for ) the phenomenon(problem).    
2. The answer to this problem involves many factors.    
3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...    
4. The factors that contribute to this situation include...    
5. The change in ...largely results from the fact that...    
6. We may blame ...,but the real causes are...    
7. Part of the explanations for it is that ...    
One of the most common factors (causes ) is that ...    
Another contributing factor (cause ) is ...    
Perhaps the primary factor is that …    
But the fundamental cause is that ...    
 3、 ... and ) consequence     
1. It may give rise to a host of problems.    
2. The immediate result it produces is ...    
3. It will exercise a profound influence upon...    
4. Its consequence can be so great that...    
 Four ) Refute     
1)It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.    
2) There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.    
3) Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.    
4) Many of us have been under the illusion that...    
5) A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.    
6) It makes no sense to argue for ...    
7) Too much stress placed on ... may lead to ...    
8) Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that ...    
9) Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ...    
 5、 ... and ) give an example     
1) A good case in point is ...    
2) As an illustration, we may take ...    
3) Such examples might be given easily.    
4) ...is often cited as an example.    
 6、 ... and ) prove     
1) No one can deny the fact that ...    
2) The idea is hardly supported by facts.    
3) Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...    
4) Recent studies indicate that ...    
5) There is sufficient evidence to show that ...    
6) According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...    
 7、 ... and ) The opening     
1) Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...    
2) Recently the problem has been brought into focus.    
3) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.    
4) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ... 
5) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...    
6) Never in our history has the idea that ... been so popular.    
7) Faced with ..., quite a few people argue that ...    
8) According to a recent survey, ...    
9) With the rapid development of ..., ...    
 8、 ... and ) ending     
1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ...    
2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ...    
3) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ...    
4) In conclusion, it is imperative that ...    
5) There is no easy method, but ...might be of some help.    
6) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ...    
7) In summary, if we continue to ignore the above mentioned issue, more problems will crop up.    
8) With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved thoroughly. 
9) We might do more than identify the cause ; it is important to take actions to ...    
10) Taking all these into account, we ...    
11) Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is certain/clea
 Writing materials for CET-6 
 Supplementary model of CET-6 writing 
1.(2005 year 1 True question of monthly level 6 )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write an open letter on behalf of the Student Union asking people to give help to a student who is seriously ill. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:
 A brief introduction to the patient : Current condition and family situation 
 The present difficulties : Unable to afford medical expenses , Need care 
 Hope to donate ; Contact information 
Your Help Needed
Dear friends,
I am writing to you, on behalf of the Student Union, to ask for your help for Li Ming, a schoolmate of ours from the Department of Computer Science. He is seriously ill now and has to have a heart transplant at once. To make things worse, he comes from the west of our country and his family is quite poor. 
Li Ming is now confronted with the following difficulties. To begin with, he can’t afford the medical expenses. His family doesn’t have a good financial background. Moreover, his parents have already been deep in debt in order to send him to university. In addition, his family is far away and he needs someone to take care of him day and night. Only with intense care can our friend recover from his disease. 
On no account can we see our friend suffer or die. He is in desperate need of your help, especially financial donations to help him pay for his expenses. Let’s all give him our hands. Anyone who wants to offer help can contact us at 88588858 or you can email us by [email protected] Please act without delay. 
Yours sincerely, 
Zhang Hua
Chairman of the Student Union
2.(2005 year 6 True question of monthly level 6 )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a short essay entitled Say No to Pirated Products. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:
 At present, the phenomenon of piracy is quite serious 
 The causes and harm of this phenomenon 
 What should we do 
Useful words and expressions:
 Pirate :piracy (n.)
 Pirated products :pirated products
 intellectual property right :intellectual property rights
 Copyright infringement :infringe sb’s copyright; copyright infringement
Say No to Pirated Products
Piracy is a serious problem with which this country is confronted. In many places we see people peddling pirated books or disks. Actually, piracy has become so widespread that it has severely hindered the development of the nation’s economy.
A number of factors account for the problem, but the following are the most critical ones. First, pirated products are much cheaper than copyrighted ones, so they are very attractive to people, especially youngsters, who are not financially well-off. Secondly, with highly developed technology, it is not difficult to manufacture pirated products. With one authorized copy, the illegal producers can make thousands of fake ones at a very low cost, thus making huge profits. 
As a result, intellectual property rights are severely infringed upon. Honest producers will lose the motivation to develop new products. Meanwhile, pirated products are often of low quality, thus damaging the interest of buyers. 
In view of the seriousness of the problem, it is essential that laws and regulations be formulated and enforced to ban the manufacture and circulation of pirated products. Meanwhile, people should be educated to say no to these products. With these measures taken, we have reasons to believe that the problem can be solved in the near future. 
3.(2005 year 12 True question of monthly level 6 )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a letter to a company declining a job offer. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:
 Thank you for the position offered by the company 
 Explain why the position offered cannot be accepted 
 I hope you will understand , And express good wishes to the company 
A Letter Declining a Job Offer
December 24, 2005
Dear Sir or Madam:
I am responding to your job offer on December 20, 2005. I was informed that I would be offered the position as an interpreter for your company. I cordially appreciate your trust and I am much obliged to you for providing me with this valuable opportunity. 
However, I have to tell you that I cannot accept it. The major reason is that I don’t think I am the most appropriate candidate for this post. As a non-English major, though my written and spoken English are outstanding than most of my peers, I am not well trained in translation, not to mention interpretation, which, I believe is highly demanding. Maybe my performance in the oral examination has misled you. Actually, I am more interested and more competent in my own major, that is, program designing. Last but not least, I happened to have been offered such a position with another company. 
Nonetheless, I, again, want to express my sincere gratefulness and I earnestly apologize for any inconvenience hereby caused. Finally, I hope you can find the ideal candidate as soon as possible. 
Best regards.
Yours sincerely 
Li Ming
4.(2006 year 6 True question of monthly level 6 )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a short essay entitled Traveling Abroad. You should write at least 150 words based on the chart and the outline given below:
Number of people in City X traveling abroad in 1995, 2000 and 2005
1.  In the past ten years X More and more people in the city choose to travel abroad 
2.  The reason for this phenomenon 
3. The possible impact of this phenomenon 
Traveling Abroad
It can be seen from the chart that there have been sharp increases in the number of people traveling abroad in City X in the past decade. As the chart shows, the year 1995 witnessed only about 10,000 people from this city touring abroad. In 2000, the number soared to nearly 40,000. Last year, more than 120,000 people in the city chose to spend their vacations outside China. 
A number of factors account for the change in the chart, but the following are the most critical ones. First, thanks to the policy of reform and opening-up, the nation’s economy has been developing at a considerably high speed in the past decades. Therefore, the people have more extra money for traveling. Secondly, other relevant state policies and the boom of touring industry provide citizens with more opportunities to go out and see the world. Last but not least, people have attached greater importance to the quality of life, thus they spend more money and time traveling and sight-seeing. 
In a word, this chart is a perfect indicator of China’s fast expanding economy and people’s rising standard of life. The trend of traveling abroad will further stimulate the development of our economy and broaden people’s horizons. 
5.(2006 year 12 Yuelao level 6 real problem )
Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Celebration of Western Festivals. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.
1.  Now many people in China like some western festivals 
2.  The reason for this phenomenon 
3.  The possible impact of this phenomenon 
The Celebration of Western Festivals
No one can have failed to notice the fact that an increasing number of Chinese are fond of celebrating some Western festivals today. For instance, on Valentine’s Day, many people give flowers or chocolate to the one they love. Another case in point is Christmas. It seems that people around the country now love to celebrate the festival. 
A number of factors account for the phenomenon mentioned above, but the following might be the critical ones. In the first place, due to the policy of reform and opening-up, Chinese people tend to know more about Western culture and be influenced by it. Secondly, some businessmen wish to make money by encouraging people to celebrate those Western festivals. Last but not least, as traditional Chinese festival lose their attraction, many people tend to find joy in Western festivals. 
Though we need not criticize people celebrating Western festivals, nor can we stop them, we have to beware of the danger behind it. While enjoying the atmosphere brought by those Western customs, we might well lose our own tradition and identity. 
6.(2006 year 12 Monthly new level 6 real problem )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Importance of Reading Classics. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.
1. Reading classic books is very important for people's growth 
2. Nowadays, fewer and fewer people are willing to read classics , as a result of ……
3. What should we college students do 
The Importance of Reading Classics
Reading classics plays a vital role in a person's growth. By reading classic works, either Chinese or foreign, one can learn a great deal about history, geography, politics, wars and customs. Besides, as these classics are the outstanding representatives human language, reading them can enormously improve our ability to read and write and to inherit cultural traditions. 
However, a diminishing number of people would like to read classics now. A variety of factors may have contributed to this phenomenon, but the following are the critical one. In the first place, as the pace of life and work quickens, people can find little time to indulge themselves in thick and serious works. They would rather read light and easy magazines or surf the Internet and do online reading. In the second place, most classics depict things far away from our real life, which makes reading them seem irrelevant. 
As college students, we should shoulder the burden of inheriting and developing cultural heritage. Therefore, it is essential that we should make plans to read classics regularly. Besides, we should try to influence people around us into reading them. 
7.Keeping Pets
There is no denying the fact that keeping pets is a hotly debated topic today. Some people think keeping pets is a good thing to do. They believe that pets, like cats and dogs, can help relieve the loneliness suffered by senior citizens and other social members who are confined to their homes for this reason or that. They also argue that keeping pets helps mankind understand animals’ world and develop positive feelings toward them.
Others, however, hold the opposite view. They regard keeping pets as a useless but harmful thing to do. First, pets can transmit diseases. Secondly, the noises and dung of pets are sources of pollution. Last but not least, as many rare birds and animals are kept as pets, they will surely be hunted on a large scale, which means a threat to the balance of the ecosystem. 
Weighing the pros and cons of these arguments, I am inclined to agree with the latter. Anyway, we can lessen our loneliness and express our love toward animals in other ways. And it is my belief that only by placing man and other species on an equal basis can we expect to have a lively and colorful world.
8. Where There Is a Will, There Is a Way
A well-known proverb goes that “where there is a will, there is a way”, which means that one can find a way to success as long as he or she has a strong will. With a strong will, one can focus all his energy on one point, which makes his success possible. Without a strong will, however, one can be easily distracted from his goal or discouraged by setbacks, which leads to his ultimate failure.
History abounds with examples of strong-willed figures winning success. Actually, there is no better illustration of the proverb than the deeds of Gou Jian, king of Yue in ancient China. Defeated by Fu Chai, king of Wu, Gou tried every means possible to steel his will. Eventually, with the help of Fan Li and Xi Shi, he managed to rebuild his country and his armies and had Fu Chai taste the bitterness of failure. 
In short, a strong will is essential if we want to make achievements in our studies or work, or indeed in any other aspect of our lives. One should lose no chance to strength his will and remember, God helps those who help themselves.
9. More Students Pursue Master Degrees
It can be seen from the chart that there have been sharp increases in the number of students attending graduate entrance exams in a college in the past decades. As the chart shows, the year 1996 witnessed only 200 students taking part in the exams. In 2001, the number nearly doubled. In 2006, far more students prepared themselves for graduate studies. 
A number of factors could account for the change in the chart, but the following are the most critical ones. First, thanks to the policy of reform and opening-up, the nation’s economy has been developing at a considerably high speed in the past decades. Therefore, the people have more extra money for education. Secondly, other relevant state policies and the boom of higher education provide students with more opportunities to pursue higher degrees. Last but not least, the increasingly fierce competition forces college students to further their study in order to gain more edge of competition. 
In a word, this chart is a perfect indicator of China’s fast expanding higher education. Although many problems have arisen in the process, we have every reason to believe that they can be solved in the near future with effective measures taken. 
10. Studying Abroad: Hardships and Rewards
The recent years have seen a dramatic increase in the number of Chinese studying abroad. Obviously, studying abroad has its rewards. In the first place, a student can have access to advanced science and technology as well as desirable working conditions which might not be available at home. In the second place, he can be exposed to entirely new ideas and trends. Last but not least, by living and studying in a foreign country, one can improve his foreign language much faster than at home.
However, just as every coin has two sides, studying abroad may also confront one with a series of hardships. For one thing, learning a foreign language is far from an easy thing at the beginning for most people. For another, a completely new environment with different customs and habits may also be a barrier to overseas students, especially to the young. An added difficulty lies with finance: it can cost a lot to study abroad. 
From my point of view, the advantages of studying abroad outweigh its disadvantages. But it is a big decision to go abroad to study and one should take into consideration his financial conditions and his ability to adapt to new surrounding. Personally, I choose to go abroad and study if I find it necessary.
11.( letter of complaint )
Directions: Write a letter of complaint according to the following situation: You bought an air conditioner in Sun Appliance and had it installed the other day, but you found that the fan made too much noise when the machine operated. You demand the store to send a representative to check it up. 
Write your letter in no less than 150 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use Li Ming instead. You do not need to write the address. 
June 23, 2007
Dear Sir or Madam,
I’m writing to lodge the complaint about the poor quality of an air conditioner that I purchased from Sun Appliance Company. 
Frankly speaking, Sun Appliance has always been my favorite. On April 4, 2007, I bought the air conditioner (serial number 12345) from one of your chain store located in Lang Fang. The machine operated well at first, but ten days later, there was a fault that bothered me, that is, the fan made so much noise that I could not sleep well at night. Worse still, the cooling system didn’t work well and the machine began to leak recently. Its poor quality ruined almost all my previous impression toward your products. 
I strongly suggest that a repairman or a service engineer should be sent to my home without delay. I wonder if you could pinpoint the exact cause of the malfunction as soon as possible. If you can’t, I am afraid that I will request for full amount of refund or a new air conditioner. 
I would appreciate all your assistance in this matter. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact me. Look forward to your reply. 
Yours Sincerely,
Li Ming
12.( invitation letter )
Directions: Suppose you are the dean of the History Department, Peking University. You want to invite Professor Herb Jason, a well-known scholar of Chinese history, to come to attend an international conference on Chinese history. You’ll cover the following points:
The purpose of the invitation
The time and place of the conference
Ask him a favor of presenting a lecture to your students during his stay
Write your letter in no less than 150 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use Li Ming instead. You do not need to write the address.
June 23, 2007
Dear Professor Herb Jason,
I am Li Ming, dean of the History Department, Peking University. I am writing to invite you to participate in an international convention that is to be held in Beijing from 22th to 25th, July, 2007.
Since your visit in Beijing last year, all the teachers that attended your lecture have been deeply impressed with your thorough knowledge and profound understanding of the subject. We would be pleased if you could come, as our guest of honor, to the International Conference on Chinese History, If possible, would you please deliver a speech on whatever subject that interests you. Enclosed in this letter is a time schedule for the event. You would, of course, receive our standard honorarium to cover traveling and other expenses. When you arrive in Beijing, I will certainly meet you at the airport.
Please let me know your date of arrival if you can come and tell us when you can make the trip. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact me. Look forward to your reply.
Yours sincerely, 
Li Ming
13.( Thank you letter )
Directions: Write a letter of thanks according to the following situation. Once you were ill and were hospitalized for a few weeks in the Chaoyang Medical Center, Taiyuan, Shanxi Province. During your stay the entire staff were kind to you. When you came back home, you wrote them a letter of thanks.
Write your letter in no less than 150 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use Li Ming instead. You do not need to write the address.
June 23, 2007
Dear Sir/Madam,
I’m writing to extend my heartfelt thanks to all the nurses and doctors in your hospital. 
Last month, while I was on a business trip in Taiyuan, Shanxi province, I suffered from a bad cold and a fever, so I was sent to Ward Rom 201, Chaoyang Medical Center. During my stay at hospital, nurses on duty patiently took my temperature, regularly examined my body, and often fed meals to me. In addition, doctors prescribed me the most effective drugs and gave the best medical advice. Thanks to the constant care from the hospital staff, I recovered quickly. Now that I have returned home, the excellent service of your hospital still impresses me. I believe that as patient, I have received the most professional treatment and the most considerate care. 
Please allow me to convey my sincere greetings toward the doctors and nurses that contribute all their efforts, patience and energy to their patients. Nothing can express my gratitude except my best wishes to them. If you have anything that needs my help, please don’t hesitate to contact me.
Yours sincerely,
( One ) reason 1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation.
A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for) the phenomenon (problem).                                                        2.The answer to this problem involves many factors.                                    3.The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...                                      4.The factors that contribute to this situation include...                         5.The change in ...largely results from the fact that...             6.We may blame ...,but the real causes are...                                      7.Part of the explanations for it is that ...
One of the most common factors (causes .is that ...
Another contributing factor (cause .is ...
Perhaps the primary factor is that … 
But the fundamental cause is that
( Two ) Compare    
1.The advantage far outweigh the disadvantages.                    2.The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.                3.A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...  4.It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim that...                                                         5.For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.  6.Like anything else, it has its faults.                                  7.A and B has several points in common.                                         8.A bears some resemblances to B.                                           9.However, the same is not applicable to B.                                      10.A and B differ in several ways.                                           11.Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.                             12.People used to think ..., but things are different now.                          13.The same is true of B.                                                      14.Wondering as A is, it has its drawbacks.                                        15.It is true that A ..., but the chief faults (obvious defects )are ...
( 3、 ... and ) Refute 
1.It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.     2.There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.                                                 3.Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.                         4.Many of us have been under the illusion that...                                5.A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.   6.It makes no sense to argue for ...                                          7.Too much stress placed on ...may lead to ...                                       8.Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that ...                        9.Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ...
( Four ) consequence 
1.It may give rise to a host of problems.                           2.The immediate result it produces is ...                                      3.It will exercise a profound influence upon...                        4.Its consequence can be so great that...
( 5、 ... and ) give an example  
1.A good case in point is ...                                                   2.As an illustration, we may take ...                                                3.Such examples might be given easily.                                                 4....is often cited as an example.
( 6、 ... and ) prove 
1.No one can deny the fact that ...                                 2.The idea is hardly supported by facts.                            3.Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...                4.Recent studies indicate that ...                                            5.There is sufficient evidence to show that ...                               6.According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...
( 7、 ... and ) The opening 
1.Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...          2.Recently the problem has been brought into focus.             3.Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.                    4.Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ...                5.Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...                                  6.Never in our history has the idea that ...been so popular.               7.Faced with ..., quite a few people argue that ...                     8.According to a recent survey, ...                                  9.With the rapid development of ..., ...
( 8、 ... and ) ending 
1.From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ... 2.It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ...          3.It is necessary that steps should be taken to ...                      4.In conclusion, it is imperative that ...                                      5.There is no easy method, but ...might be of some help.                             6.To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ...                                         7.In summary, if we continue to ignore the above-mentioned issue, more problems will crop up.                                                            8.With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved thoroughly.                                                                       9.We might do more than identify the cause ; it is important to take actions to ...                                                                10.Taking all these into account, we ...                                    11.Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is certain/clear...

 One .  Rising growth  
1.…add up to…  Added eg. The total amount of … added up to 14 billion pounds(14%) in 1994.                                                   2. to jump to / to soar to……  Jump to /  Soar to …
eg. The total working days lost soared to 10 million in 1979.
  3.…an increase of about…percent as compared with……  And … About... More than …
  eg. In August as many as 39 car accidents were reported, indicating an increase of about 79% as compared with the number of January.
  4.…to experience an increase/incline … With growth 
  eg. Tobacco consumption is experiencing an incline.
   Two .  falling , Reduce 
  1.…to sink/drop/reduce to…  Reduced to …
  eg. The rate of strikes sank/dropped to the lowest point in 1979.
  2.…to experience a decrease/decline … With less 
  eg. Tobacco consumption is experiencing a decrease.  Be careful :
   Embellishment rises / The reduced adverbs are :
  rapidly slowly dramatically respectively  Expression rise / The words of the last state of reduction are :
  the highest peak the lowest point 10 million 10%
   3、 ... and .  Fluctuation 
  1.…to go up and down … Ups and downs 
  eg. The strike rate went up and down during the period from 1952 to 1967.
  2.There be ups and downs … There are ups and downs 
  eg. Between 1972 and 1979, there were several ups and downs in ( Some aspect ).
   Four .  Stable 
  1.…to remain steady/level/unchanged … Stay stable , Almost unchanged 
  eg. The rate of …remained steady (fairly level/almost unchanged) during the four years from 1963 to 1967.
  2.…to level off (vi.)
  eg. After a steady decline for a whole decade, the …rate shows signs of leveling off.
   Be careful :
   Adverbs that modify ups and downs or steady states are :
  almost fairly  Can be used to express ups and downs , A phrase or sentence pattern in a steady state sentence :
  the general situation was not worsening
  show indications of improvement
  it can be predicted that…
  eg. The rate of …remained steady during the four years from 1963 to 1967,and it can be predicted that the general situation was not worsening.
  eg. The rate of …remained steady during the four years from 1963 to 1967,showing signs of improvement in …
   5、 ... and .  In direct proportion to , inverse ratio 
  1.…be in direct /inverse ratio to/with  And … In direct proportion to / inverse ratio 
  eg. Male illustrations are in direct ratio to /with the advancement of grades, while female illustrations are in inverse ratio.
   6、 ... and .  What percentage , Fraction 
  1….to form/comprise/make up/constitute ….percent … Percent …
  eg. Women comprise more than 50% of the U.S. population.
  eg. Females make up only 24% of the illustrations whereas males constitute 76%.
  2.…to form/comprise/constitute a half/third/fourth of…… Occupy … Of 1/2,1/3,1/4
  eg. Female illustrions form less than a fourth of the total.
  3.…account for…percent  What percentage 
  eg. ……, accounting for approximately 20 percent of…
   7、 ... and .  Multiple 
  1.A be …times as much/many as B
  eg. The annual rainfall of Hunan is 5 times as much as that of Sichuan.
  2.A doubles/is half/triples B A yes B Twice as many , Half , triple 
  eg. The annual rainfall of Jidda doubles that of Janta, but is only half the amount of rain Kuwait receives each year.
   Attached one   Disc scale chart   example :  A disc shows college students in food, books, transportations, entertainment, clothes, unknown Cost in , Their respective proportions are 60%,3%,5%,10%,10%,12%, I ask you to describe this disc chart .
   describe :
  The above pie chart consists of 6 segments, the largest one representing food, which accounts for 60% of the total. Clothes and entertainment each takes up 10%. 5% goes to transportation and 3% books. All the rest expenses, 12% of all ,is spend on unknown items.
   Summarize the writing mode :
  …pie chart consists of…segments, the largest one representing…,which accounts for …of the total.…each takes up….…goes to….All the rest…, …of all,……. .
   8、 ... and . Cause and effect 
  1….( result )…, owing to ( reason ) [owing to  It's a participle structure ]
  2….( result )…, attributable to( reason ) [attributable to Is an adjective phrase ]
  3….( result ) lie in the fact that( reason ) [  Appositive clause  ]
  4….( result )result from( reason ) [ The sentence pattern is general ]
  5. It is precisely because ( reason )…that ( Result in )… [ Emphasis on structure ]
  6. …, as a result, …( Result in )… [as a result Make parentheses ]
  7. ( reason )be responsible for( result ) [ Common sentence patterns ]
  8. ( reason ),which in turn( result )
  eg. They give rise to unfair competition, which in turn throws original businesses into a commercial panic.
   Nine . Take measures to , offer a proposal 
  1. My suggestion to deal with/solve/relieve the problem are as follows. In the first place,…. Secondly,…. Finally,… [ Common sentence patterns ]
  2. If we let the situation go as it is, …. By that time, ….  If this situation continues , that …….
   By then ,…….[ A better sentence pattern ]
  3. More and more people are realizing the importance of…[ The progressive tense , more and more Than many good ]
  4. Great efforts/More measures/Due attention must be taken/paid to do …[  passive ,due attention  and be paid to  collocation ]
  5. If……, will there be anything that can make me even happier?  If ( What we do ), Then there will be nothing happier for me .[ Conditional sentence , Rhetorical questions ]
  6. It is important/necessary/urgent/desirable( hope )/advisable( wise ) for sb. to do sth. [It is …for …to do… Sentence pattern ]
  7. enhance the awareness of people that…
  8. The first nut for us to crack is…  The first thing we need to solve is ……. [ Than The first thing we should do is …  Sentence pattern   More advanced , Much more wonderful , More vivid ]
  9. ……as soon as possible [ Common sentence patterns ]
  10. sth. be of the utmost importance [ be of n.  structure ,  Than sth. be much important good ]
   Ten . The way , Compare 
  1. (Just) as …, so…  just as … [  Compare sentence patterns  ]
  eg. Just as water is the most important of liquids, so air is the most important of gases.
  2. in much the same way/manner that…  just as …,  and … equally 
  eg. The Americans spend Christmas Day in much the same way that the Europeans do.
   11、 ... and .  compromise 
  1. now that ……  since …… [ Concession clause ]
  eg. Now that the decision has been made, we must try our best to carry it out.
  2. unless…not… [  Concession clause ]
  eg. It is a vicious cycle and unless you consider these social, economic and environmental problems in one context, you are not serious about meeting the challenges. [ Pay attention to... In the example sentence consider sth. in one context Sentence pattern : Put things together and consider them comprehensively ]
   Twelve .  Emphasis sentence 
  1. only [ Is an emphasis sentence , Another inverted sentence ]
  eg. Only in this way can you hope to improve the present situation.
  2. It is …that…
  eg. It is because he was too careless that he failed in the exam.
  3. nothing but  It's just ; Only …
  eg. If what we have been striving for is nothing but pleasure-seeking, our nation will be deprived of the right to rise.( here nothing but  Can be removed , It doesn't affect the meaning of the sentence , But there is. nothing but, It emphasizes the following nouns )
   13、 ... and .  hypothesis 
  1. Supposing……, it is likely that….  hypothesis …,  Well, it's very likely that … [ hypothesis ,  Virtual voice ]
  eg. Supposing you wanted to buy a washing machine, it is more than likely you would obtain details regarding performance, price, etc. from an advertisement.
   fourteen .  ask 
  1. What else can …? ………… What else can I do ?
  eg. What else can the poor parents do but obey?  What else can these poor parents do besides listen ?
  2. How could ……?  How can ? ….
  eg. How could I put the English books aside to read pastime books?
   15、 ... and .  Compare 
  1. A is to B what X is to Y. A about B  Just like X about Y
  eg. Food is to man what oil is to machines.
  2. ……more…, less…
  eg. The closer to Christmas, the crazier they get; they become more agitated, less patient.
   sixteen .  no 
  1.  double negative 
  not uncommon = common  common , ordinary 
  not unusual = usual  common , Usual 
  not inevitable=evitable  Avoidable 
  ( Try to change the ordinary adjectives to be emphasized into double negation ,  Add more highlights to the article )
  2. by no means  did not ; Of course not 
  3. no longer/more  No longer 
  eg. I am no longer that ignorant girl.
   seventeen .  Degree of 
  1. all the more  more 
  eg. That makes London all the more fascinating, doesn't it?
  eg. It is all the more surprising therefore that…
  2. more than  Be an adverb ,  Meaning for  " Too much …", " Than … above ", " Than … more "
  eg. I am more than happy to hear from you.
  3. more than you can…  Far more than you …
  eg. The situation is very abominable more than you can stand. The environment is very bad , You can't stand .
   eighteen .  On interrelationship 
  1. A have much(nothing) to do with B
  2. A be closely related to B
  3.A be directly bound up with B
  4. a definite link between …and…
   nineteen . Speak up 
  1. more than…can  It's not , unable , Difficult to …
  eg. The beauty of the city is more than I can describe.
  2. beyond description  Can't describe 
  eg. The beauty of the city is beyond description.
  3. There is no point(use) in doing… … It doesn't make any sense .
  4. The first nut for us to crack is …  The first problem we have to solve is …
  5. short-sighted policy  A short-sighted policy 
  6. while ……with one hand, ……with the other.  When ( We ) One side ….,  And on the other hand …
  eg. While money is eagerly collected in vast sums with one hand, it is paid out in increasingly vaster sums with the other.
  7. far from  Stay away from , Far from it , Not only no 
  eg. Far from taking exception(take exception: against ), no one is even mildly surprised.
  8. be bound to
  eg. Any discussion of this topic is bound to question the aims of education.
  9. (or) vice-versa  vice versa 
  10. sth. be measured in terms of … sth. use … To measure 
  eg. "success" is measured in terms of freedom from insecurity.
  11…. ( The phenomenon )…, upon which views vary from person to person.
  12.A be more essential to B.  Yes B Come on , A Is particularly critical .
  13.Distinguished scientific accomplishment is a matter of opportunity and of continuous and concentrated effort over long years. ( Beautiful sentences , It is worth learning from )
  14. from the …point of view  from … Point of view 
  eg. From the health point of view  From a health perspective 
  15. ……must be rooted out in order to …. … Must be eradicated to …
  eg. Moral corruption must be rooted out in order to preserve the integrity of the state.  In order to make the country develop healthily , Corruption must be eradicated .
  16. …represent only the tip of the iceberg. ……. It's just the tip of the iceberg 
  eg. The most famous stars represent only the tip of the iceberg.
  17. The rapid progress in science and technology has given a powerful shove-ahead to the productive forces of the world and the economic and social development of humanity.  The rapid development of science and technology has brought a strong impetus to the world productivity and the development of human economy and society (2001 year **** Seven . A speech ).
  18. ….stand tall and aim far, broaden one's vision and give full play to one's intelligence and wisdom on the broad arena of reform, opening-up and the modernization drive.  Standing high and looking far , Expand your horizons , Give full play to one's talents on the big stage of reform, opening up and modernization (2001 year **** Seven . A speech ). ( Many phrases in the sentence can be used in the composition , For example, reform and opening up :reform (and) opening-up etc. )
  19….demonstrate the value of one's life and work hard to achieve feats that will live up to the expectations of the people and the times.  Prove your value in life , Hard work makes achievements , And live up to the expectations of the people and the times . ( Ibid )
  20.When asked about…, the overwhelming majority of people say that ….But other people think of … as…. / But I think quite differently. ( On a certain issue in the press ( Different people have expressed different views ) Make your point )
  21.It is generally believed/accepted/held that…  It is commonly believed ….
  22 It is no denying the fact that….  There is no denying it …
  23……… , so…that…
  eg. The river is very clear, so clear that you can see the fishes coming and going in it.
  eg. Everything is covered with a thick layer of dust, so poisonous that all the grass, trees, vegetables and flowers gradually die.
   twenty .  Dialectical analysis 
  1. Just as the popular saying goes, "Every coin has two sides". From one side,…. from the other side,….  As a proverb says , " Every coin has two sides ( Everything is divided into two )". On the one hand ………  On the other hand ………
   The 21st .  analogy , personification 
  1. They are taken prisoners by fame and their achievements turn into a bar to further advance.
  2. True and deep love of life is the spring from which flow courage, confidence and power.
   Twenty-two . adverb 
  1. admittedly  It should be admitted that :
  Admittedly, a few governments have taken timid measures.
  2. simply  In short :
  The answer is simply money.
  3. discreetly  Cautiously :
  point out discreetly that…
  4. conceivably  Conceivably :
  Smoking may, conceivably, be harmful.
  5. surely  Definitely :
  This is surely the most short-sighted policy you could imagine.
  6. eagerly  Eagerly 
  7. increasingly  Growing 
  While money is eagerly collected in vast sums with one hand, it is paid out in increasingly vaster sums with the other.
  8. honestly:  Honestly :
  the government is honestly concerned about the welfare of its people The government is genuinely concerned about the welfare of its people 
  9. certainly:  Of course 
As individuals we are certainly weak, but if … As individuals , Of course we are weak , But if …
 Be sure to memorize the key sentence patterns of English composition for postgraduate entrance examination 
1. It must be pointed out that it is one of our basic State policies to control population growth while raising the quality of the population. 
2. It is (has been) estimated that the world's population could reach 6 billion by the end of the century. 
3. It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success but hard work. 
4. It can be seen from this that there is no difficulty in the world we can overcome. 
5. As is known man is the product of labour. 
6. It is a common saying that man who has a settled purpose will surely succeed. 
7. It is clear that the enemy has no desire for peace. 
8. It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day. 
9. It's hard to say whether the plan is practicable. 
10. There is no doubt that you will be helped by others if you have any difficulties. 
11. It seems certain that they have made a series of experiments. 
12. It is said that bats have been using radar for millions of years. 
13. To tell the truth , many mistakes we made could have been avoided. 
14. As we know, it was not until recently that the problem was solved. 
15. It must be admitted that you haven't done what you promised to do. 
16. In my opinion, this computer is different from that one you saw. 
17. It is certain that we have a long way to go. 
18. All this shows that nothing can prevent us from reaching our aims. 
19. As far as we know, it took him more than a year to write the book. 
20. It has been proved that every substance, no matter what it is, is made up of atoms. 
21. It has been decided that we are going to build a railway whose base must be completed within this year. 
22. It is obvious (evident) that the success of the innovation depends on our concerted efforts. 
23. To be frank, whether you like it or not, you have no other choice. 
24. It is natural that one may have trouble expressing complicated ideas in simple English. 
25. What is more important, the agreement they have negotiated is being carried out. 
26. We will be successful as long as we persevere. 
27. Frankly speaking, what you call the truth may not apply to things happening here. 
28. It is true that we must redouble our efforts; otherwise we cannot catch up with the developed countries. 
29. I take it for granted that they will support this idea. I regard it as natural that they will agree to this idea. 
30. In a certain sense, a successful scientist is a person who is never satisfied with what he has achieved. 
31. The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it. 
32. There is no denying the fact that the new management method has greatly increased the production. 
33. There is no denying the fact that the new management method has greatly increased the production. 
34. Upon hearing the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he couldn't utter a word. 
35. As the saying goes, nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it. 
36. Our goal must be attained. Our goal can unquestionably be attained. 
37. Noting can prevent us from realizing the four modernizations. 
38. Now in China, more and more families can afford to buy high-grade goods, such as washing machines, TV sets, videocorders. 
39. No matter how difficult English may be, you should do your best to learn it. 
40. It can be said that without knowledge of science and technology, it is impossible to build socialist modernizations
 Postgraduate entrance examination English must be memorized 184 Sentence pattern 
  1. According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.
   According to a recent survey , Every year, 4,000,000 People die from smoking related diseases .       2. The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.
   A recent survey shows that quite a few children don't like homework .                 3. No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet.
   No invention has received so much praise and criticism at the same time as the Internet               4. People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.
   People seem to overlook the fact that education should not end with graduation .                 5. An increasing number of people are beginning to realize that education is not complete with graduation.
   More and more people are beginning to realize that education cannot end with graduation .                   6. When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.
   Speaking of Education , Most people think it is a lifelong learning .                        7. Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a persons physical fitness. Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to good health . 8. Proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and the great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism. Appropriate measures should be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists , Strive to protect the local environment and history from the adverse effects of international tourism .                                                           9. An increasing number of experts believe that migrants will exert positive effects on construction of city. However, this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents, who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and prostitution.
 More and more experts believe that immigrants will play a positive role in the construction of cities . However , More and more city residents doubt this view , They complain that migrant workers have brought many serious problems to the city , Like crime and prostitution .                                                               10. Many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus, which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers. Many citizens complain that there are too few buses in the city , So that they have to spend a long time waiting for a bus , And the car may be full of passengers .           11. There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extremely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it. There is no denying it , Air pollution is an extremely serious problem : The city authorities should take effective measures to solve it .                                                             12. An investigation shows that female workers tend to have a favorable attitude toward retirement. A survey shows that women welcome retirement .13. A proper part-time job does not occupy students too much time. In fact, it is unhealthy for them to spend all of time on their study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.
   A proper part-time job does not occupy students too much time , in fact , It's not healthy to spend all your time studying , As the old saying goes : Just work , Don't play , A clever child becomes a fool .14. Any government, which is blind to this point, may pay a heavy price. Any government that ignores this point will pay a huge price .                             15.Nowadays, many students always go into raptures at the mere mention of the coming life of high school or college they will begin. Unfortunately, for most young people, it is not pleasant experience on their first day on campus. At present , When it comes to the coming school life , Many students will be in high spirits . However , For most young people , The first day on campus was not a pleasant experience .                                                                                                                     16. In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get worse.
   Considering the seriousness of the problem , Before things get worse , Effective measures must be taken .                            17. The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets. Most students believe that part-time work will give them more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills , And this is very good for them to find a job in the future .                                                                         18. It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure. beyond all dispute , Now thousands of people are still living a miserable life of starvation and cold .                                    19. Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place. Although this view is widely accepted , There is little evidence that education can be anywhere 、 At any age .                               20. No one can deny the fact that a persons education is the most important aspect of his life. No one can deny : Education is the most important aspect of life .                             21. People equate success in life with the ability of operating computer. People equate being able to use computers with success in life .                                                    22. In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past. In the past few decades , Advanced medical technology has made it possible for people to live longer than in the past .                               23. In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself. in fact , We must admit that the quality of life is as important as life itself .                                                                               24. We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.
   We should spare no effort to beautify our environment .                                                      25. People believe that computer skills will enhance their job opportunities or promotion opportunities. People believe that having computer technology can get more jobs or promotion opportunities .                                                             26. The information Ive collected over last few years leads me to believe that this knowledge may be less useful than most people think.
   From the information I've collected in recent years , This knowledge is not as useful as people think .                           27. Now, it is generally accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduation.
   Now? , It is generally believed that there is no Phoenix   The root of a tree   Can you talk about   Mechanical trouble                                   28. This is a matter of life and death--a matter no country can afford to ignore. This is a matter of life and death , No country can ignore .                                   29. For my part, I agree with the latter opinion for the following reasons: I agree with the latter , For the following reasons :                                                                  30. Before giving my opinion, I think it is important to look at the arguments on both sides. Before giving my opinion , I think it's important to look at the views of both sides .                                                                                          31. This view is now being questioned by more and more people.
   This view is being questioned by more and more people .                                                    32. Although many people claim that, along with the rapidly economic development, the number of people who use bicycle are decreasing and bicycle is bound to die out. The information Ive collected over the recent years leads me to believe that bicycle will continue to play extremely important roles in modern society. Although many people believe that with the rapid development of the economy , The number of people using bicycles will decrease , Bicycles may die out ,  However , The information I have collected in recent years leads me to believe that bicycles will continue to play an extremely important role in modern society .                                                  33. Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet. Environmentalists point out that : Increasing pollution will not only lead to serious problems such as global warming , It will also threaten the survival of mankind on this planet .                          34. In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before.
 Given these serious conditions , More than ever, we need environmentally friendly means of transportation like bicycles .                                                                                    35. Using bicycle contributes greatly to peoples physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams.
   Using a bicycle contributes to people's health , And greatly alleviated the traffic jam .                            36. Despite many obvious advantages of bicycle, it is not without its problem. Although bicycles have many obvious advantages , But it also has its problems .                            37. Bicycle cant be compared with other means of transportation like car and train for speed and comfort.
   In terms of speed and comfort , Bicycles can't be compared with cars 、 Compared with other means of transportation like train .38. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society. Through the discussion above , We can come to a conclusion : The advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages , And it will still play an important role in modern society .                                                                39. There is a general discussion these days over education in many colleges and institutes. One of the questions under debate is whether education is a lifetime study. At present, there are a lot of debates about education in Colleges and research institutions , One of the questions is whether education is a lifelong learning process .                                         40. This issue has caused wide public concern. This problem has aroused widespread concern .                                                                                   41. It must be noted that learning must be done by a person himself.
   It must be pointed out that learning can only depend on yourself                                                              42. A large number of people tend to live under the illusion that they had completed their education when they finished their schooling. Obviously, they seem to fail to take into account the basic fact that a persons education is a most important aspect of his life.
   Many people have this misunderstanding , Think leaving school means ending their education . obviously , They ignore the basic fact that education is an important part of life .43. As for me, Im in favor of the opinion that education is not complete with graduation, for the following reasons: As far as I'm concerned , I agree that education should not end with graduation , There are the following reasons :                                                                                44. It is commonly accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduate. It is generally believed that it is impossible for colleges and universities to teach their students all the knowledge when they graduate .                                                         45. Even the best possible graduate needs to continue learning before she or he becomes an educated person. Even the best graduates , If you want to be a knowledgeable person, you should also keep learning .                                                              46. It is commonly thought that our society had dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had made extraordinary progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades. It is generally believed that our modern technology has brought about great changes in our society , In recent decades, mankind has made amazing progress in science and Technology .                                                           47. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities. Now more and more people are beginning to believe that learning new technology and knowledge can directly help them get job opportunities or promotion opportunities .                                   48. An investigation shows that many older people express a strong desire to continue studying in university or college.
   A survey shows that many old people have a desire to continue their study in College .
49. For the majority of people, reading or learning a new skill has become the focus of their lives and the source of their happiness and contentment after their retirement. For most people , After retirement , Reading or learning a new technology has become the center of their life and the source of happiness .                                                 50. For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge. Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.
   For those who want to live a healthy and meaningful life , It is important to find time to learn some new knowledge , As the old saying goes : Never too old , Too old to learn .                                                 51. There is a general debate on the campus today over the phenomenon of college or high school students doing a part-time job.
     For the phenomenon that college or high school students work , There is a wide debate on campus .                                         52. By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks. By doing a major related job , Students can not only improve their professional ability , And you can get experience you can't get from textbooks .                                                             53. Although people’s lives have been dramatically changed over the last decades, it must be admitted that, shortage of funds is still the one of the biggest questions that students nowadays have to face because that tuition fees and prices of books are soaring by the day
   In recent decades , Although people's lives have changed dramatically , But I have to admit that , Due to the soaring tuition and book prices , The shortage of funds is still one of the biggest problems facing students .                                      54. Consequently, the extra money obtained from part-time job will strongly support students to continue to their study life.
   therefore , The money from part-time work will strongly support students to continue their study life .                      55. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that part-time job can produce a far-reaching impact on students and they should be encouraged to take part-time job, which will benefit students and their family, even the society as a whole.
 Through the above discussion , It's not hard for us to come to a conclusion : Part time work will have a far-reaching impact on students , We should encourage students to take part-time jobs , This will benefit students and their families , Even the whole society .56. These days, people in growing numbers are beginning to complain that work is more stressful and less leisurely than in past. Many experts point out that, along with the development of modern society, it is an inevitable result and there is no way to avoid it.
   Now? , More and more people are beginning to complain that work is more stressful than before . Many experts point out that this is the inevitable result of the development of modern society , Unavoidable .                                                     57. It is widely acknowledged that computer and other machines have become an indispensable part of our society, which make our life and work more comfortable and less laborious. It is generally believed that computers and other machines have become an indispensable part of our society .  They make our life more comfortable , Reduced a lot of labor .                      58. At the same time, along with the benefits of such machines, employees must study knowledge involved in such machines so that they are able to control them. meanwhile , With the benefits of these machines , Employees must also learn relevant knowledge in order to use them .                                                                   59. No one can deny the basic fact that it is impossible for average workers to master those high-technology skills easily. No one can deny this basic fact : For ordinary workers , It is impossible to master these technologies easily .                                 60. In the second place, there seem to be too many people without job and not enough job position.
   In the second , There seem to be too many unemployed people and not enough jobs .                                   61. Millions of people have to spend more time and energy on studying new skills and technology so that they can keep a favorable position in job market. Thousands of people have to spend more energy and time learning new technologies and knowledge , So that they can maintain an advantage in the job market .                                                        62. According to a recent survey, a growing number of people express a strong desire to take another job or spend more time on their job in order to get more money to support their family. According to a recent survey , More and more people express a strong desire to take another job or work overtime to earn more money to support their families                                                                        63. From what has been discussed above, I am fully convinced that the leisure life-style is undergoing a decline with the progress of modern society, it is not necessary a bad thing. Through the discussion above , I totally believe , With the progress of modern society , It's not a bad thing that the leisure lifestyle is disappearing .                                64. The problem of international tourism has caused wide public concern over the recent years. In recent years, , The problem of international tourism has aroused widespread concern .                              65. Many people believe that international tourism produce positive effects on economic growth and local government should be encouraged to promote international tourism.
 Many people believe that international tourism plays a positive role in economic development , Local governments should be encouraged to develop international tourism .66. But what these people fail to see is that international tourism may bring about a disastrous impact on our environment and local history.
   But these people ignore the disastrous impact that international tourism may have on the local environment and history .67. As for me, Im firmly convinced that the number of foreign tourists should be limited, for the following reasons:
         As far as I'm concerned , I firmly believe that the number of foreign tourists should be limited , For the following reasons :68. In addition, in order to attract tourists, a lot of artificial facilities have been built, which have certain unfavorable effects on the environment.
         in addition , In order to attract tourists , A large number of artificial facilities have been built , This is bad for the environment .69. For lack of distinct culture, some places will not attract tourists any more. Consequently, the fast rise in number of foreign tourists may eventually lead to the decline of local tourism. Due to the lack of a unique culture , Some places no longer attract tourists . therefore , The rapid increase in the number of foreign tourists may eventually lead to the decline of local tourism .                                                  70. There is a growing tendency for parents to ask their children to accept extra educational programs over the recent years.
   In recent years, , There is a growing trend for parents to require their children to receive additional education .           71. This phenomenon has caused wide public concern in many places of world. This phenomenon has aroused widespread concern in many parts of the world .                          72. Many parents believe that additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, they maintain, their children are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge, which will put them in a beneficial position in the future job markets when they grow up.
   Many parents believe that extra educational activities have many advantages , Through the study , Their children can acquire a lot of practical skills and useful knowledge , When they grow up , These are very good for their employment .73. In the first place, extra studies bring about unhealthy impacts on physical growth of children. Educational experts point out that, it is equally important to take some sport activities instead of extra studies when children have spent the whole day in a boring classroom. First , Extra study is bad for children's physical development . Education experts point out that , The children spent the whole day in the boring classroom , Engage in some sports activities , Instead of extra study , It's very important .     74. Children are undergoing fast physical development; lack of physical exercise may produce disastrous influence on their later life. Children are in a period of rapid physical development , Lack of physical exercise may have a serious impact on their future life .                                                              75. In the second place, from psychological aspect, the majority of children seem to tend to have an unfavorable attitude toward additional educational activities. second , Psychologically , Most children don't seem to like extra studies .                                                                           76. It is hard to imagine a student focusing their energy on textbook while other children are playing.
   While other children are playing , It's hard to imagine a student focusing on Textbooks .                       77. Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills. They may become more solitary and even suffer from certain mental illness.
   and , Due to extra studies , Children don't have much time to play and communicate with children of the same age , It's hard to develop their personality and communication skills . They may become isolated and even develop some mental diseases .78. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that, although extra studies indeed enjoy many obvious advantages, its disadvantages shouldnt be ignored and far outweigh its advantages. It is absurd to force children to take extra studies after school. Through the discussion above , We can come to a conclusion : Although extra studies do have many advantages , But its shortcomings cannot be ignored , And far more than its advantages . therefore , It is unwise to force children to study extra after school .7                         9. Any parents should place considerable emphasis on their children to keep the balance between play and study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. Any parent should attach great importance to keeping the balance between study and play , As the old saying goes : Just work , Don't play , A clever child becomes a fool .                          80. There is a growing tendency for parent these days to stay at home to look after their children instead of returning to work earlier. Now? , There is an increasing tendency for fathers or mothers to stay at home to take care of their children rather than return to work early .
81. Parents are firmly convinced that, to send their child to kindergartens or nursery schools will have an unfavorable influence on the growth of children. Parents firmly believe that sending their children to kindergarten is bad for their growth                                                                                 82. However, this idea is now being questioned by more and more experts, who point out that it is unhealthy for children who always stay with their parents at home. However , This idea is being questioned by more and more experts , They pointed out that , Children always stay at home , With your parents , It's unhealthy .                                               83. Although parent would be able to devote much more time and energy to their children, it must be admitted that, parent has less experience and knowledge about how to educate and supervise children, when compared with professional teachers working in kindergartens or nursery schools. Although parents can invest more time and energy in their children , But it must be admitted that , Compared with full-time teachers working in kindergartens , They lack knowledge and experience in how to manage and educate their children                        84. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that, although the parents desire to look after children by themselves is understandable, its disadvantages far outweigh the advantages. Through the discussion above , We can come to the conclusion that : Although parents' desire to look after their children by themselves is understandable , But the disadvantages far outweigh the advantages .                                                        85. Parents should be encouraged to send their children to nursery schools, which will bring about profound impacts on children and families, and even the society as a whole. Parents should be encouraged to send their children to kindergartens , This will be good for children , family , Even the whole society has a far-reaching impact .                                            86. Many leaders of government always go into raptures at the mere mention of artistic and cultural projects. They are forever talking about the nice parks, the smart sculptures in central city and the art galleries with various valuable rarities. Nothing, they maintain, is more essential than such projects in the economic growth.
   Just mention art and cultural projects , Some government leaders will be excited , They talked endlessly about the beautiful park , Beautiful sculptures in the city center , And art galleries full of rare treasures . They believe that in economic development , Nothing is more important than these art projects .                                 87. But is it really the case? The information Ive collected over last few years leads me to believe that artistic and cultural projects may be less useful than many governments think. In fact, basic infrastructure projects are playing extremely important role and should be given priority.
   Is it true ? The information I've collected over the years leads me to believe in these cultures 、 Art projects are not as important as many governments think . in fact , Infrastructure construction is very important , It should be put in the first place .                     88. Those who are in favor of artistic and cultural projects advocate that cultural environment will attract more tourists, which will bring huge profits to local residents. Some people even equate the build of such projects with the improving of economic construction. Those who are in favor of building cultural and art projects believe that the cultural environment will attract more tourists , This will bring great benefits to local residents . Some people even equate the construction of cultural and art projects with the development of economic construction .89.Unfortunately, there is very few evidence that big companies are willing to invest a huge sums of money in a place without sufficient basic projects, such as supplies of electricity and water. However , There is little evidence that large companies are willing to invest huge amounts of money in a place with inadequate infrastructure such as hydropower 90. From what has been discussed above, it would be reasonable to believe that basic projects play far more important role than artistic and cultural projects in peoples life and economic growth. Through the discussion above , We have reason to believe that in people's lives and economic development , Infrastructure plays a greater role than artistic and cultural projects .91. Those urban planners who are blind to this point will pay a heavy price, which they cannot afford it.
   If those city planners ignore this , Will pay a price they can't afford 92. There is a growing tendency these days for many people who live in rural areas to come into and work in city. This problem has caused wide public concern in most cities all over the world. Farmers working in cities is becoming a growing trend , This problem has aroused widespread concern in most cities in the world .93. An investigation shows that many emigrants think that working at city provide them with not only a higher salary but also the opportunity of learning new skills. A survey shows that many migrant workers believe that working in cities not only has a higher income , And can learn some new technologies .94. It must be noted that improvement in agriculture seems to not be able to catch up with the increase in population of rural areas and there are millions of peasants who still live a miserable life and have to face the dangers of exposure and starvation It must be pointed out , The development of agriculture doesn't seem to keep up with the increase of rural population , And there are still thousands of farmers living a poor life without clothes and hunger .       95. Although rural emigrants contribute greatly to the economic growth of the cities, they may inevitably bring about many negative impacts. Although migrant workers have made great contributions to the economic development of the city , However, they also inevitably bring some negative effects .                                                                              96. Many sociologists point out that rural emigrants are putting pressure on population control and social order; that they are threatening to take already scarce city jobs; and that they have worsened traffic and public health problems. Many sociologists point out that migrant workers are putting pressure on population control and social security . They are threatening the already depressed job market , They have worsened traffic and public health .                               97. It is suggested that governments ought to make efforts to reduce the increasing gap between cities and countryside. They ought to set aside an appropriate fund for improvement of the standard of peasants lives. They ought to invite some experts in agriculture to share their experiences, information and knowledge with peasants, which will contribute directly to the economic growth of rural areas. It is suggested that the government should strive to reduce the widening gap between urban and rural areas . Appropriate funds should be allocated to improve the living standards of farmers ; Agricultural experts should be invited to share their experience with farmers , Knowledge and information , These will help develop the rural economy .                                                                                98. In conclusion, we must take into account this problem rationally and place more emphases on peasants lives. Any government that is blind to this point will pay a heavy price. All in all , We should consider this problem rationally , Pay attention to the life of farmers . Any government that ignores this point will pay a huge price .                                       99. Although many experts from universities and institutes consistently maintain that it is an inevitable part of an independent life, parents in growing numbers are starting to realize that people, including teachers and experts in education, should pay considerable attention to this problem. Although many experts from universities and research institutes insist that this is an inevitable part of independent life , However, more and more parents are beginning to realize that people, including teachers and education experts, should take this problem seriously .                                                                100. As for me, it is essential to know, at first, what kind of problems young students possible would encounter on campus.
   In my submission , First, we should look at what problems students may encounter on campus .                                  121. on the one hand, it is indisputable that boarding schools are exerting a growing important effect, especially in last few years. One side , Boarding schools are playing an increasingly important role , Especially in the last few years , This is indisputable                                                                                       122. students attend a boarding school would cultivate their independence as apart from their parents. Students who leave their parents for boarding school will cultivate their independence                                                                             123. whats more, living in school can save them a great deal of time on the way between home and school everyday, so they would be able to concentrate more time and energy on their academic work. and , Living in school can save a lot of time on the way between school and home every day , This will give them more time and energy to study .
124. on the other hand, the contribution of day schools cant be ignored. On the other hand , The contribution of day schools cannot be ignored .
125. due to high tuition fee, most of ordinary families cannot afford to send their children to boarding schools. Because of the higher tuition fees , Most ordinary families can't afford to send their children to boarding school .
126. since it is unnecessary to consider students routinelife, day school can lay stress on teaching instead of other aspects, such as management of dormitory and cafeteria. Since there is no need to consider students' daily life , Day schools can focus on teaching rather than on aspects such as dormitory and canteen management .                                   127. furthermore, students living in their own home would have access to a comfortable life and have more opportunities to communicate with their parents, which have beneficial impact on development of their personal character. and , Students live in their own homes , Have a comfortable life , And have more opportunities to communicate with parents , This is beneficial to the cultivation of their personality .
128. from what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that both of day schools and boarding schools are important to train young students for our society. Through the discussion above , We can come to a conclusion , Both boarding schools and day schools are important for our society to train young students .
129. there is much discussion over science and technology. one of the questions under debate is whether traditional technology and methods are bound to die out when a country begins to develop modern science and technology. There are many debates about science and Technology , One of the problems is that when the country develops modern science and Technology , Whether traditional technology and methods may die out ?
130. as for me, the declining of traditional technology and methods is not a bad thing; it is the natural result of progress of society. In my submission , The demise of traditional technology and methods is not necessarily a bad thing , This is the natural result of social progress .                            131. in the first place, some aspects of the traditional technology and methods are harmful and hampering the development of modern technology science. First , Some parts of traditional technology and methods are harmful , And will hinder the development of modern science and Technology .          132. although modern science and technology have proved that such methods are absurd, there are still millions of people use such methods in many remote places nowadays. Although modern science and technology have proved that these methods are foolish , However, in many remote places , Thousands of people are still using these methods .                             133. in the second place, many values of traditional technology are out of date and should be replaced by modern science. Second point , Many traditional technologies and methods are outdated , Should be replaced by modern technology .                                                     134. although many people tend to live under the illusion that traditional technology and methods are still playing extremely important role in peoples life, an increasingevidences show that it is less useful than many people think. Although many people maintain traditional ideas , It is believed that traditional technology and methods still play an important role in people's life , But more and more evidence shows that it is not as useful as people think .135. from what has been discussed above, i firmly believe that time will prove that traditional technology and methods would die out with the development of modern science and technology. the maintenance of the traditionaltechnology and methods is futile. Through the discussion above , I firmly believe that time will prove that traditional technology and methods will die out with the development of modern technology , It is futile to insist on traditional technology and methods .                                                                     136. at the time when technology means ever more harmful carbon in the air we breathe, we need these forests now more than ever. When the development of technology means that we will breathe more harmful gases , We need forests more than ever .                         137. nothing is more important than to receive education. Nothing is more important than receiving education .                                                                      138. we cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much 
139. there is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. There is no denying it , Our quality of life has gone from bad to worse .                                 140. it is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. The whole world knows that trees are indispensable to us .                                               141. there is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. without doubt , Our education system is unsatisfactory .                                   142. an advantage of using the solar energy is that it wont create any pollution. The advantage of using solar energy is that it won't produce any pollution .                                143. the reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us. The reason why we have to plant trees is that they can supply us with fresh air .                         144. so precious is time that we cant afford to waste it. Time is so precious , We can't waste it .                                                                 145. rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. Although our country is very rich , But our quality of life is very unsatisfactory .146. the harder you work, the more progress you make. The harder you work , The more progress you make .                                                                               147. the more books we read, the more learned we become. The more books we read , The more learned we are .                                                               148. to average people, they often tend to live under the illusion that english often means a good opportunity for ones career, is this really the case? For the average person , They often think that mastering English means a good job , But is it true ?                                                                       149. by taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. Through physical exercise , We can always stay healthy .                                                                             150. listening to music enables us to feel relaxed. Listening to music can make us relax .151. on no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. We must not ignore the value of knowledge .                                                                             152. it is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems. It's time for the authorities concerned to take appropriate measures to solve the traffic problem .      153. those who violate traffic regulations should be punished. Those who violate traffic rules should be punished .                                                               154. there is no one but longs to go to college People want to go to college .                           155. since the examination is around the corner, i am compelled to give up doing sports. Since the exam is imminent , I have to give up playing sports .                               156. it is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life. As one can imagine , Knowledge plays an important role in our life .                                  157. summer is sultry. thats the reason why i dont like it. It's muggy in summer , That's why I don't like it .                                                              158. the progress of the society is based on harmony. Social progress is based on harmony .                                                                          159. we should bring home to people the value of working hard. We should let people know the value of hard work .                                                              160. taking exercise is closely related to health. Exercise is closely related to health .                                                                                 161. we should get into the habit of keeping good hours. We should form the habit of going to bed early and getting up early .                                                                  162. the condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired. Our traffic condition is unsatisfactory .                                                                          163. smoking has a great influence on our health. Smoking has a great impact on our health .                                                                        164. reading does good to our mind. Reading is good for the mind .                          165. overwork does harm to health Overwork is harmful to health .                                                     166. pollution poses a great threat to our existence. Pollution poses a great threat to our survival .                                                                      167. we should do our best to achieve our goal in life. We should try our best to achieve our goal in life .                                                                168. weather a large family is a good thing or not is a very popular topic, which is often talked about not only by city residents but by farmers as well. Whether a large family population is better or a small family population is a very popular topic , Not just city people , And farmers often discuss this problem .                                                        169. as is known to all, fake and inferior commodities harm the interests of consumers. as everyone knows , Fake and shoddy goods harm the interests of consumers                                 170. today an increasing number of people have realized that law education is of great importance. in order to keep law and order, every one of us is supposed to get a law education. Now? , More and more people realize the importance of Legal Education . In order to maintain social order  , Each of us should receive legal education .                              171. from what i have mentioned above, we can see clearly that violence on tv has great influence on youngsters behavior. From what I mentioned above , We can see clearly that , The influence of TV violence on teenagers is extremely far-reaching .                             172. there are two reasons for the improvement in peoples living conditions. in the first place, we have been carrying out the reform and opening-up policy. secondly, there has been a rapid expansion of our national economy. furthermore, the birth rate has been put under control. There are two reasons for the improvement of people's living conditions . First , We have been implementing the policy of reform and opening up . secondly , The national economy is developing rapidly , And the birth rate has been controlled .                                    173. my suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows. to begin with, it is urgent to create nature reserves. secondly, certain rare wild animals that are going to be extinct should be collected, fed and reproduced artificially. finally, those who hunter them must be punished severely. My suggestions for solving this problem are as follows : First , It is urgent to establish nature reserves . secondly , Some rare wild animals on the verge of extinction should be collected 、 Artificial feeding and reproduction . Last , Those who hunt rare wild animals must be severely punished .                                                         174. people differ in their attitudes towards failure. faced with it, some of them can stand up to it, draw useful lessons from it and try hard to fulfill what they are determined to do. others, however, lose heart and give in. People have different attitudes towards failure . In the face of failure , Someone can stand the test , Learn from failure , And try to accomplish what they are determined to do . However , Others lose heart and retreat .                                                                 175. it is desirable to build more hospitals, shopping centers, recreation centers, cinemas and other public facilities to meet the growing needs of people. People hope to build more hospitals 、 Shopping Mall 、 Entertainment center 、 Cinemas and other public facilities to meet people's growing needs .                                       176. as a popular saying goes, "everything has two sides." now the public are benefiting more and more from scientific and technological inventions. on the other hand, the progress of science and technology is bringing us a lot of trouble. people in many countries are suffering from public hazards. As the saying goes : Things are always in two . Nowadays, people get more and more benefits from scientific and technological inventions . On the other hand , Scientific and technological progress has also brought us a lot of trouble . Now many countries   Our people suffer from public hazards .                                                                      177. lets take cars for example. they not only pollute the air in cities, but make them crowded. furthermore, they are responsible for a lot of traffic accidents. the noise made by cars disturbs the residents living on both sides of streets all day and night. Take cars for example . Cars not only pollute the urban air , And make the city crowded . Besides , Cars cause many traffic accidents . The noise produced by cars disturbs the residents living on both sides of the street day and night .                                                            178. it is generally believed that the chief reason for the increase in population in developed countries is not so much the rise in birth rates as the decline in death rates as a result of the improvement in medical care. It is generally believed that , The main reason for population growth in developed countries is not so much the rise of birth rate , It is better to say that the death rate has decreased due to the improvement of medical care .                                               179. there is no doubt that the increase in demand caused the rise in prices. without doubt , The increase in demand has led to a rise in prices .                                          180. additional social stresses may also occur because of the population explosion or problems arising from mass migration movements-themselves made relatively easy nowadays by modern means of transport. Due to the rapid increase of population or large population movements ( Modern means of transportation make this flow relatively easy ) All kinds of problems will also cause new pressure on society .                                                               181. with the opening and reform policy being carried out, thousands upon thousands of foreign visitors are crowding into our country. they are eager to see this old mysterious land with a splendid culture of more than 5,000years. With the implementation of the reform and opening-up policy , Tens of thousands of foreign tourists poured into China . They are eager to visit this with 5000 Mysterious ancient country with splendid culture for many years .                                   182. tourism brings china a lot of benefits. first, it enables the chinese people to know more about the outside world and promotes friendship and understanding. second, it is financially beneficial to china, which needs more foreign currencies for its modernization program. Tourism brings many benefits to China . First , It enables the Chinese people to understand the outside world , And help promote friendship and understanding . secondly , Economically, it is also beneficial to China , Because China's modernization needs a lot of foreign exchange .                           183 tourism, however, gives rise to a number of problems. for instance, it becomes a burden to inefficient transportation system. Tourism also causes many problems . for example , It increases the burden of China's inefficient transportation system .                                184. besides, the living standard of the average chinese is still not high enough to be able to afford the many different sorts of expensed during long distance travels. Besides , The living standard of the Chinese people is not high enough to enable ordinary Chinese people to pay all kinds of expenses for long-distance travel .

 writing : Classic sentences are often used in CET-4 and CET-6 compositions 
 Sentence sets are often used in compositions : In the following text  A,B, “...”( Something ), "sb"( somebody),  In writing, we should make appropriate replacement according to the context . 
 start : 
When it comes to ..., some think ... 
There is a public debate today that ... 
A is a commen way of ..., but is it a wise one? 
Recentaly the problem has been brought into focus. 
 Make a point : 
Now there is a growing awareness that... 
It is time we explore the truth of ... 
Nowhere in history has the issue been more visible. 
 Put forward further views : 
... but that is only part of the history. 
Another equally important aspect is ... 
A is but one of the many effects. Another is ... 
Besides, other reasons are... 
 The way to present hypothetical examples : 
Suppose that... 
Just imagine what would be like if... 
It is reasonable to expect... 
It is not surprising that... 
 Give a common example : 
For example(instance),... 
... such as A,B,C and so on (so forth) 
A good case in point is... 
A particular example for this is... 
 quote : 
One of the greatest early writers said ... 
"Knowledge is power", such is the remard of ... 
"......". That is how sb comment ( criticize/ praise...). 
"......". How often we hear such words like there. 
 Tell a story  
( Let's start with the subject of the story ),this story is not rare. 
..., such delimma we often meet in daily life. 
..., the story still has a realistic significance.
 Put forward the reason : 
There are many reasons for ... 
Why .... , for one thing,... 
The answer to this problem involves many factors. 
Any discussion about this problem would inevitably involves ... 
The first reason can be obiviously seen. 
Most people would agree that... 
Some people may neglect that in fact ... 
Others suggest that... 
Part of the explanation is ... 
 Contrast : 
The advantages for A for outweigh the disadvantages of... 
Although A enjoys a distinct advantage ... 
Indeed , A carries much weight than B when sth is concerned. 
A maybe ... , but it suffers from the disadvantage that... 
 The essential : 
To understand the truth of ..., it is also important to see... 
A study of ... will make this point clear
 compromise : 
Certainly, B has its own advantages, such as... 
I do not deny that A has its own merits. 
 ending : 
>From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw 
the conclusion that ... 
In summary, it is wiser ... 
In short... 
 Quote appropriate famous sayings and aphorisms in your composition , It will add a lot of color to your article . Here are some of my favorite quotes , It might be useful to you . The position where we use references can be at the beginning and end or in the text paragraph , 
 Common forms of use are as follows : 
One of the greatest early writers said ... 
"Knowledge is power", such is the remard of ... 
"......". That is how sb comment ( criticize/ praise...). 
"......". How often we hear such words like there. 
Useful quotations
 adversity  
by Robert Collier 
In every adversity there lies the seed of an equivalent advantage. In every defeat there is a lesson showing you how to win the victory next time. 
 Effort and success  
by Ann Landers 
Opportunities are usually disguised as hard work, so most people don't recognize them. 
 insist  
by Ralph Waldo Emerson 
No one can cheat you out of ultimate success but yourselves. 
Confucius  Confucius  
Our greatest glory is not in never falling... 
but in rising every time we fall. 
 insist  
Mother Teresa 
To keep a lamp burning we have to keep putting oil in it. 
Henry Ford 
Nothing is particularly hard if you divide it inuo small jobs. 
Winston Churchill 
Never, never, never, never give up. 
Albert Einstein 
In uhe middle of difficulty lies opportunity. 
 Effort and success  
by Crassus 
Those who aim at great deeds must suffer greatly. 
Thomas Edison 
There is no substitute for hard work. 
Leo Tolstoi 
The strongest of all warriors are these two- Time and Patience. 
Thomas Jefferson 
I'm a great believer in luck, 
and I find the harder I work... 
the more I have of it.
Robert Collier 
Success is the sum of small efforts, repeated day in and day out. 
Ray A. Croc 
Luck is a dividend of sweat. The more you sweat, the luckier you get. 
 Practical experience and indirect experience  
You'll learn more about a road by traveling it... 
than by consulting all the maps in the world. 
 Motivation and results  
Vince Lombardi 
Winning isn't everything... 
but wanting to win is. 
John F. Kennedy 
We choose to go!to the moon and other things , oot because they are easy, but because they are hard. 
Thucydides 
The strong do what they will. 
The weak do what they must. 
 Attitude : 
John Wooden 
Talent is God given--Be Humble. 
Fame is man given-- Be Thankful. 
Conceit is self given --Be Careful. 
 action : 
Theodore Roosevelt 
Do what you can , with what you have , with where you are. 
Publilius Syrus Maxim 
No one knows what he can do till he tries. 
Terence 
There is nothing so easy but that it becomes difficult when you do it reluctantly. 
Thomas Fuller 
A wise man turns chance into good fortune. 
William Hazlitt 
Prosperity is a great teacher; 
adversity is a greater. 
William Penn 
No pains, no palm; 
no thorns, no throne; 
no gall , no glory; 
no cross, no crown. 
Will Rogers 
Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over... if you just sit there. 
Opportunity rarely knocks on your door. 
Knock rather on opportunity's door if you ardently wish to enter.
 Success and failure  
Vince Lombardi 
It's not whether you get knocked down. 
...It's whether you get up again. 
Winston Churchill 
An optimist sees an opportunity in every calamity; 
a pessimist sees a calamity in every opportunity. 
 Enthusiasm ( young / aged ) 
Ralph Waldo Emerson 
Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm.
 confidence  
James Allen
The will to do springs from the knowledge that we can do. 
Samuel Johnson 
Few things are impossible to diligence and skill. 
Aughey 
Lost time is never found again. 
Voltaire 
No problem can stand the assault of sustained thinking. 
Napoleon
Victory belongs to the most persevering. 
 careful  
Euipides 
Leave no stone unturned. 
 Planning and work  
Norman Vincent Peale 
Plan your work for today and every day; 
then work your plan. 
Henry Ford 
Failure is only the opportunity to more intelligently begin again. 
Thomas Edison 
I start where the last man left off. 
 Ideal and reality  
What the mind of man can conceive and believe, 
the mind of a man can achieve. 
 diligence  
Benjamin Franklin 
Plough deep while sluggards sleep. 
 The goal is  
Henry David Thoreau 
In the lone run men hit only what they aim at. 
 lucky  
Emily Dickinson 
Luck is not chance... 
It's toil... 
Fortune's expensive smile is earned. 
 diligence  
Thomas Edison 
Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration. 
Useful Quotations 
 imagination  
Albert Einstein 
Imagination is more important than knowledge. 
 Challenge : 
Walter Begehot 
The great pleasure in life is doing what people say you cannot do. 
 Opportunity and preparation  
Abraham Lincoln 
I will prepare and some day my chance will come. 
 Confidence and facts  
Henry Ford 
Whether you think you can or think you can't -- you are right. 
English Proverb 
Where there's a will there's a way. 
There is no failure excepting no longer trying. 
Luck is what happens when preparation meets opportunity



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