当前位置:网站首页>如何通過Essence改善Scrum

如何通過Essence改善Scrum

2021-10-22 10:44:01 InfoQ

{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"背景"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"最近,我有幸與Jeff Sutherland博士一起合作創建了一系列的Essence實踐,以幫助團隊掌握Scrum和Scrum@Scale。其結果是一系列實踐——Scrum Foundations、Scrum Essentials、Scrum Accelerator、Scrum Essentials的Scrum以及Executive Scrum的Scrum——可以通過物理和電子形式免費獲取它們。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"任何Essence的實踐都有一個關鍵要素,即能捕捉實踐本質的實踐卡片:如要達到的目標、要做的事情、要生成的事件以及行為模式。圖1和圖2展示了從三個核心Scrum實踐中選擇的卡片。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/imgopt.infoq.com\/fit-in\/1200x2400\/filters:quality(80)\/filters:no_upscale()\/articles\/better-scrum-essence\/en\/resources\/1image-1-1634112578060.jpg","alt":null,"title":null,"style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":null,"fromPaste":true,"pastePass":true}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"圖1:從Scrum Essentials實踐中選擇的卡片"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/imgopt.infoq.com\/fit-in\/1200x2400\/filters:quality(80)\/filters:no_upscale()\/articles\/better-scrum-essence\/en\/resources\/1image-2-1634112578060.jpg","alt":null,"title":null,"style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":null,"fromPaste":true,"pastePass":true}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"圖2:從Scrum Foundation和Scrum Accelerator實踐中選擇的卡片"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"考慮到Scrum指南(Scrum Guide)是一份有效、簡潔且可免費獲取的Scrum描述,思考一下為什麼Jeff會花費這麼多的寶貴時間在這個項目上是很有趣的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"正如Jeff最近在LinkedIn上討論Scrum Masters的需求時所評論的那樣,“58%的敏捷團隊(保守地說)都有延遲,超出預算,並且客戶也不滿意。我們有數千家公司的數據可以證明這一點。”由於Scrum是目前最受歡迎的團隊級敏捷實踐,所以我們可以想當然地認為這些團隊中有許多都在應用Scrum。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"為什麼會這樣呢?他們失敗是因為Scrum存在根本性的缺陷,還是因為他們沒有正確地應用它?他們只是在錯誤的環境中使用Scrum嗎?他們使用替代性的工作管理實踐會更好嗎?或者他們只是在Scrum方面做得不好?"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"作為一名從業30多年的教練,我已經看到1000多個團隊應用了100多個實踐,可以公平地說,每當某個實踐變得流行時,糟糕的應用會多於好的應用。今天的敏捷實踐也是如此,就像我開始指導面向對象設計時一樣。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"因此,這並不是Scrum獨有的問題——它同樣適用於看板(Kanban)、用例(Use Cases)、用戶故事(User Stories)、SAFe、LeSS、Spotify、XP或任何其他已經“跨越鴻溝”並超越了創新者以及熱情的早期采用者所采用的產品。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"正如Scrum指南曾經說過的那樣,“Scrum是輕量級的,易於理解的,但難以掌握”,這對許多人來說,這意味著兩天的學習和一生的掌握。但是對於那些在Scrum上做得很差的團隊來說,更確切的說法應該是2天學習,2個月搞砸,2年放弃。可悲的是,他們接著又會轉向另一種他們同樣也無法掌握的實踐。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"團隊在Scrum上的失敗並不是因為培訓(通常是高質量的)或教練(盡管教練的質量參差不齊),而是因為掌握Scrum和其他敏捷實踐是很困難的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"這就是Essence的用武之地——它的主要目標是讓實踐更容易掌握——這也是為什麼Jeff如此支持本質化Scrum工作的原因所在。"}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Essence——將實踐帶入生活"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Essence是OMG的一個標准,旨在使實踐更易於共享和應用。它旨在將實踐、團隊和組織從他們自己創造的方法監獄中解放出來,並允許團隊完全擁有自己的工作方式。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"它同時提供了以下兩個方面:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"bulletedlist","content":[{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"一種能够描述可執行、可組合實踐的語言——用於捕捉實踐本質的文本和圖形符號,以及"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"一個軟件工程內核——一個領域地圖,以可操作的方式定義軟件工程的關鍵概念,並支持將實踐組合成更全面的工作方式。"}]}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在Essence中,實踐使用語言(用於錶示)和內核(用於上下文)以可操作的輕量級形式進行描述。結果是一組卡片、檢查錶,以及必要時的附加指南。後者只在實踐的源材料已絕版或實踐用戶通常無法訪問的情况下才會需要。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"將一個現有的實踐在Essence上錶示的過程叫做本質化(Essentialization)。Essence Scrum實踐的演變提供了一個很好的例子,說明了這需要什麼,以及它是如何增加價值的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"我們從Scrum指南開始——這是一個很好的起點,因為它真正關注的是Scrum的基本規則。通常,在任何本質化的過程中,最具挑戰性的部分都是就實踐的哪些部分才是真正重要的達成一致。Jeff和Ken通過專注於剝離所有非必要的內容,並使Scrum指南在每個版本中都變得更小、更集中來幫助我們。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"然後,我們將Scrum的基本元素映射到語言和內核中,然後從本質的角度填補能使新興實踐可執行所需的任何空白。在Scrum Essentials的情况下,它首先導入了21張卡片,然後進行了一些重構,將更多的焦點放在了作為Scrum基礎的Scrum Values本身上。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"從方法論者的角度來看,本質化的過程是令人著迷的。 除了確定實踐的哪些要素是真正必要的外,它還需要對實踐要素采用標准分類法,確定可推進的要素,將結果與輸出分開,並填補任何空白。 它不需要對原始材料進行任何的重寫或更改實踐本身。 Scrum Essentials實踐准確地反映並補充了Scrum指南,而不是取代它。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"一旦建立了Essentials,也就可以創建熱門的擴展了。這是Scrum Accelerator實踐的一個例子,它使用了一組被證明可以產生超高效的Scrum團隊的模式擴展了Scrum Essentials,但1)對於Scrum的成功應用這並不是必不可少的,2)它並不是可以應用的唯一選擇,以及3)通常只有在基本要素都到比特後它才適用。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Essence的偉大之處在於,一旦實踐被“本質化”,就可以使用它而無需學習語言的內部運作。 正如我們Essence研討會的一個參與者Mahesh Jade所說的那樣——卡片和遊戲是“......真正抓住每件事情深度的東西,而參與者不必了解過多的Essence理論。 重點是它的應用——在小組中,我們將它與駕駛汽車聯系起來,我們駕駛汽車,但並不需要真正了解汽車是如何制造的。”"}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"通過Essence改善Scrum"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"那麼,Essence是如何幫助我們掌握實踐的呢?更重要的是,Scrum實踐(Scrum Foundation、Scrum Essentials和Scrum Accelerator)以及潜在的Essence Kernel是如何幫助我們掌握Scrum的呢?"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"首先是Jeff Sutherland的一則軼事——最近,“美國(USA)最大的一家銀行的副總裁說:“我有300名產品負責人,但只有3個有交付,其他297個都沒有交付。”。然後,他說,“我檢查了這三個人交付的地方,他們在哪些地方采用了正確的工作方式。他們去了你的課堂。所以,你需要告訴我你們在做什麼和這有什麼不同。”我說,“我們所做的不同之處在於,利用Ivar的Essence工作,可以真正向人們闡明什麼是有效的,什麼是無效的,以及你下一步需要做什麼來進行改進。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"通過在許多Scrum Master課程中使用Essence,我們(Jeff、我和其他人)還觀察到,在最初的Scrum Essentials的21個組件中,平均每個團隊對其中1\/3的組件實施得很好,1\/3的組件實施得很差,還有1\/3的組件根本沒有實施。有了這樣的實施水平和質量,我們並不總是能够看到Scrum提供的全部潜力,這也就不足為奇了。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"通過Essence來改進Scrum的核心是使用Scrum Foundation、Scrum Essentials和Scrum Accelerator實踐來玩遊戲、促進事件並推動團隊改進。"}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":3},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"評估Scrum及其價值"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"最好的入門方法是使用卡片(直接或作為電子白板上的令牌)來進行自我評估 1)Scrum元素的價值和有用性,以及2)團隊在支撐和踐行Scrum的價值時做得如何。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"這些卡片非常有助於促進這種自我反省——它們親自為團隊成員提供了一個可觸摸的Scrum版本,同時以電子的方式將每個元素總結為團隊成員的備忘錄和詞匯錶。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"圖3和圖4展示了團隊在評估他們實施Scrum及踐行Scrum價值的情况。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/imgopt.infoq.com\/fit-in\/1200x2400\/filters:quality(80)\/filters:no_upscale()\/articles\/better-scrum-essence\/en\/resources\/1Image-3-1634112900241.jpg","alt":null,"title":null,"style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":null,"fromPaste":true,"pastePass":true}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"圖3:使用Miro中的Scrum Essential Cards評估團隊的Scrum"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/imgopt.infoq.com\/fit-in\/1200x2400\/filters:quality(80)\/filters:no_upscale()\/articles\/better-scrum-essence\/en\/resources\/1Image-4-1634112900241.jpg","alt":null,"title":null,"style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":null,"fromPaste":true,"pastePass":true}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"圖4:團隊評估他們是如何實踐Scrum價值的(其中一張價值卡的特寫)。"}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":3},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在工具包中添加遊戲"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"除了上面展示的兩款遊戲外,還有許多遊戲可以讓培訓活動更加精彩,幫助團隊定制他們的Scrum實施,並在回顧期間產生新的見解。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"這些包括:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"bulletedlist","content":[{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"挑選一張卡片"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"實踐映射"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"構建你自己的Scrum"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"建立你自己的日曆"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"建立你自己的看板"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"工件的角色\/事件的焦點"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"組建團隊\/角色澄清"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"合作橋梁\/客戶-供應商"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"什麼規模?"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"缺少什麼?"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"探索你的敏捷泡沫"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"還有很多"}]}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Essence的實踐者們總是會想出新的遊戲和遊戲機制。圖5展示了一比特“遊戲大師”是如何在電子錶格中執行某些遊戲的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/imgopt.infoq.com\/fit-in\/1200x2400\/filters:quality(80)\/filters:no_upscale()\/articles\/better-scrum-essence\/en\/resources\/1image008-1633947669170.jpg","alt":null,"title":null,"style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":null,"fromPaste":true,"pastePass":true}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"圖5:Excel中的Essence遊戲"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"以這種方式玩遊戲是非常强大的,即使是像“構建你自己的Scrum”(Build Your Own Scrum)這樣簡單的遊戲,人們的反應也可能是革命性的:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"blockquote","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"一名使用Scrum卡片的參與者錶示,他在使用Essence卡片的一個小時內,對Scrum的了解比他之前在Scrum團隊六年裏學到的還要多。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"——Jeff Sutherland博士"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"更多關於使用Essence遊戲改進團隊Scrum的信息,請參閱ACM Queue的文章"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/queue.acm.org\/detail.cfm?id=3418775","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"《Scrum Essentials Cards: Scrum團隊使用Essence進行改進的經驗》"}]},{"type":"text","text":"。"}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":3},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"使用Scrum Accelerator和其他Essence實踐來超越Scrum Essentials"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Scrum指南為所有Scrum的實施提供了基礎——它涵蓋了遊戲規則。在過去的25年或更長的時間裏,Scrum已經在這個領域得到了實踐,我們已經看到了許多實踐的出現,團隊可以使用這些實踐來提高他們的敏捷性和性能。這包括諸如“基於點的評估”、“用戶故事”和許多其他被普遍接受的Scrum實踐。現在,雖然這些實踐被廣泛接受,但它們並不是必不可少的——所有這些實踐都有可靠的替代方案(例如,一些團隊使用用例而不是用戶故事),其中許多是依賴於上下文的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Essence的目標是捕獲這些額外的Essence實踐,這樣團隊在准備好進行嘗試時,可以將這些實踐組合到Scrum框架中。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"作為與Jeff一起進行的本質化工作的一部分,我們開發了一個Scrum Accelerator實踐,它捕捉他最喜歡的模式以生成“高效”的Scrum團隊。同樣,這是免費的,它也是許多遊戲的基礎。圖6展示了團隊評估模式的適用性以及决定何時何地使用它們的結果。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/imgopt.infoq.com\/fit-in\/1200x2400\/filters:quality(80)\/filters:no_upscale()\/articles\/better-scrum-essence\/en\/resources\/1Image-6-1634113541831.jpg","alt":null,"title":null,"style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":null,"fromPaste":true,"pastePass":true}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"圖6:團隊評估Scrum Accelerator模式的相關性,以及何時使用它們(通過兩張模式卡的特寫)"}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":3},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"使用Essence Kernel來理解你的上下文"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"還有一些方法可以直接使用Essence來幫助你的團隊進行改進。Essence Kernel支持許多遊戲,這些遊戲可以幫助團隊了解他們所處的比特置,並能分析他們工作方式中的任何差距。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"這些包括:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"bulletedlist","content":[{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"追逐狀態"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"生命周期布局\/檢查點構造"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"SWOT工作模式"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"實踐作文"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"團隊能力分析"}]}]},{"type":"listitem","attrs":{"listStyle":null},"content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"還有很多其他的。"}]}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"這個話題在2013年發錶的"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/queue.acm.org\/detail.cfm?id=2541674","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"《敏捷和SEMAT:完美的合作夥伴》"}]},{"type":"text","text":"論文中得到了更充分的探討。圖7展示了一個使用Kernel的團隊,他們通過玩追逐狀態(Chase the State)來了解他們所處的比特置,並通過生命周期布局(Lifecycle Layout)來查看他們應該在什麼比特置。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/imgopt.infoq.com\/fit-in\/1200x2400\/filters:quality(80)\/filters:no_upscale()\/articles\/better-scrum-essence\/en\/resources\/1Image-7-1634113295652.jpg","alt":null,"title":null,"style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":null,"fromPaste":true,"pastePass":true}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"圖7:團隊使用Essence Kernel玩“追逐狀態”和“生命周期布局”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"想要獲取這些卡片並獲得更多關於如何玩這些遊戲的信息,請訪問"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.ivarjacobson.com\/alphastatecards","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/www.ivarjacobson.com\/alphastatecards"}]},{"type":"text","text":"。"}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"總結與展望"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"想象一下,在一個所有實踐都被本質化的世界裏,我們在這裏討論的一切都可以提昇到一個新的層次,在這個層次上,我們可以混合、匹配甚至組合來自不同實踐的“卡片”。上面提到的所有Scrum遊戲都可以通過任何實踐來玩,甚至還有一些遊戲可以幫助你理解實踐是如何結合在一起並相互補充的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"這裏提到的所有Scrum實踐都可以"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"http:\/\/www.ivarjacobson.com\/cards","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"以pdf格式免費獲取"}]},{"type":"text","text":",也可以通過"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/pex.ivarjacobson.com\/sites\/default\/files\/practice\/scrum_at_scale_2020_11.html","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"電子方式瀏覽"}]},{"type":"text","text":"(或者你可以按照圖2中的二維碼進行操作)。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"要了解更多有關Essence遊戲的信息,並繼續你的Essence之旅,請訪"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"http:\/\/essence.ivarjacobson.com\/","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"essence.ivarjacobson.com"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"作者介紹:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"Ian Spence"},{"type":"text","text":"是雅各布森國際公司(Ivar Jacobson International)的首席科學家,他在那裏指導團隊從事一些全球範圍內規模最大、技術最具挑戰性的項目,例如平方公裏陣列射電望遠鏡(Square Kilometre Array,SKA)項目,建造世界上最大的射電望遠鏡以探索宇宙——並與業界思想領袖如Dean Leffingwell、Jeff Sutherland博士、Ivar Jacobson博士合作,以提昇軟件開發的藝術。他領導創建了OMG的Essence Kernel和許多最流行的Essence Practices。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"原文鏈接:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.infoq.com\/articles\/better-scrum-essence\/","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/www.infoq.com\/articles\/better-scrum-essence\/"}]}]}]}

版权声明
本文为[InfoQ]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://chowdera.com/2021/10/20211022104253099f.html

随机推荐