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B站崩了算什么?上周四全球互联网大规模中断了

2021-07-26 16:08:44 InfoQ

{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"blockquote","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"最近两月第三次,全球互联网大规模中断。"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"据报道,美国东部当地时间(7 月 22 日)正午左右,由于一家互联网服务提供商技术故障,导致全球众多公司的网页宕机,时长大约一小时。根据互联网中断监控网站 "},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/downdetector.com\n","title":"xxx","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"DownDetector.com"}]},{"type":"text","text":" 显示,宕机事件是由于"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.akamai.com\/cn\/zh\/","title":"xxx","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"阿卡迈科技(Akamai Technologies)"}]},{"type":"text","text":"连接失败造成的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"随后,全球知名互联网服务提供商阿卡迈科技(Akamai Technologies)报告称,由于一次服务中断波及了一些知名网站和云计算公司,目前正在调查自家域名系统服务的一个问题。然而,这已经是近两个月内全球第三次发生重大互联网中断,也是近期第二次由于阿卡迈科技(Akamai Technologies)公司导致的互联网故障。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"这次事件受影响的公司来自全球范围内各个行业,典型的有美国的富达投资、甲骨文、联邦快递、达美航空、汇丰银行、麦当劳、富达、美国证券交易委员会的文件搜索网站、Airbnb 等,还有印度、加拿大、澳大利亚、英国、新西兰和其它国家的多家关键网站和应用程序瘫痪。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"不过,好在大多数站点都在不到一个小时的时间内恢复运行。大约在美国东部时间下午 12:50,阿卡迈科技公司表示已经针对这个问题实施了修复。该公司说,根据目前的观察,服务正在恢复正常,他们将继续监控以确保减轻影响。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"两月内第三次,互联网大规模中断屡见不鲜?"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"互联网大规模中断按理说应该是个小概率事件,可最近两月,这样的事件已经第三次出现了。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"北京时间 6 月 17 日中午,由于阿卡迈科技公司的故障,全球多家航空公司、银行、证券交易所和交易平台出现短暂瘫痪状态。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"据外媒报道,由于全球主要内容分发网络服务商之一的美国阿卡迈技术公司服务器出现故障,导致澳大利亚和美国数十家金融机构和航空公司的网站宕机长达一小时。事发当天,包括美国航空公司、西南航空公司、联合航空公司和达美航空公司等多家航空公司网站出现宕机,引发了数千份网络用户投诉。其中,西南航空公司因网站故障被迫暂时停止运营后,取消了近 300 架次航班,并推迟了超过 500 架次航班。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"当天晚些时候,阿卡迈技术公司负责人表示,网络服务器中断与技术问题有关,受影响的网络平台已经陆续重新启动运行。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"与上述事件相隔不到 10 天的 6 月 8 日,美国互联网"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.fastly.com\/","title":"xxx","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"云端服务供应商 Fastly"}]},{"type":"text","text":" 突然发生故障,导致包括 BBC、《纽约时报 》、《卫报》、亚马逊(Amazon)、英国政府网站等全球无数社群媒体、政府网站、新闻网站宕机大约一个小时。影响了美洲、欧洲和亚洲以及南非的数十个国家。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"就在媒体纷纷猜测事发原因时,Fastly 在美国当地时间 星期二(6 月 8 日)晚间公布了事故调查结果,称此次事故是由于 5 月份一次系统更新中的程序错误(bug)未被发现造成的,并非遭受黑客攻击。同时,该公司为这次事故造成的网络瘫痪致歉。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"这类宕机事件能避免么"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"频繁发生的互联网大规模中断不禁让人疑惑,这类宕机事件能避免么?"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"针对 Fastly 技术故障导致的宕机事件,美国"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.delltechnologies.com\/zh-cn\/index.htm","title":"xxx","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"戴尔科技(Dell Technologies)"}]},{"type":"text","text":"高级董事斯蒂芬·吉尔德代尔(Stephen Gilderdale)在接受 BBC 采访时说,Fastly 这次事故偶有发生,但只要云端服务商配置足够的缓存,服务通常会很快恢复正常。他提到:“大多数案例中,服务只会受短暂影响,数据也很容易恢复,远不值得时刻忧虑。这能展示网络的可靠程度,甚至有时候问题能在瞬间恢复”。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"路透社引述网络安全企业 "},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/idaxsoftware.com\/","title":"xxx","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Idax Software "}]},{"type":"text","text":"创办人,英国约克大学客席教授马克·罗德伯特(Prof Mark Rodbert)说:“短短 10 分钟内,一个故障就能让全世界一片混乱,实在不简单。这令我们意识到云端的网络技术改变了企业需要保护的部分环节。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"罗德伯特教授说,企业必须做好防火墙建设,确保整个互联网不会因为一家公司甚至是一位雇员出现问题,而彻底瘫痪。"}]}]}

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