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华为轮值董事长胡厚崑:技术创新的同时要避免社会发展的分化

2021-02-23 17:33:15 InfoQ

{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在2021年世界移动大会·上海开幕式上,华为副董事长胡厚崑发表了《创新,点亮未来》的主题演讲。华为轮值董事长胡厚崑表示,过去一年对每个人都非常不容易,华为也不例外,一方面和大家一样要去抗击疫情的冲击,另一方面华为在经营上面临一些特殊的困难。不过总的来看,"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"华为去年的经营比较稳健,收入和盈利都略有增长,基本上达到预期。"},{"type":"text","text":"据悉,"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"华为将于3月底公布2020年全年业绩报告。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"面对疫情给国家、地区、企业和个人带来的重大的影响,技术创新帮助全社会更好地应对了疫情冲击。胡厚崑认为,“创新活动不仅要解决当下遇到的问题和挑战,更重要的是面向未来,思考在后疫情时代,如何通过创新让我们的生活更丰富,商业更智能,社会更包容。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"他同时指出,“对数字技术资源和能力掌握程度的不同加剧了社会的分化,这在疫情下尤为明显。技术创新要努力消除新的数字鸿沟,促进社会包容性发展。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"据胡厚崑介绍,疫情之下,整个社会展示了很强的韧性,采取了各种措施抗击疫情,积极适应变化。在这个过程中,社会运行方式发生了几个重大变化。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.infoq.cn\/resource\/image\/d0\/69\/d0f66c9cec12f48a1b718669cd070e69.png","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"第一,智能化进程在加速。"},{"type":"text","text":"现在我们可以在越来越多的公共场所看到智能测试体温的仪器,有了这样的仪器,测体温的速度可以达到每秒10人。靠这样的智能化仪器,我们就可以在机场、车站这样人流集中的地方构筑起第一道公共卫生防线。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"第二,生产自动化。"},{"type":"text","text":"在新冠疫情的影响之下,越来越多的企业希望提高运营的非接触化程度。更多的自动化技术得以使用,包括工厂的自动化生产、园区的无人车物流服务、消毒杀菌的机器人。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"第三,“线上化”成为了常态。"},{"type":"text","text":"我们把工作、会议搬到了线上,学生的教育也搬到了线上。据波士顿咨询的统计显示,2020年,全球有超过1亿中小学生接受了线上教育,这在过去是难以想象的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"上述变化,一方面是在疫情下,人们不得不做出的应对;另一方面,也正是由于近些年,5G、云、IoT等数字技术的发展,使我们具备了条件,得以在疫情面前改变了社会的运行方式。同时,这些变化对数字技术设施也提出了新的要求。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.infoq.cn\/resource\/image\/ec\/3c\/ec5a232a09c862d549f44427d5a9793c.png","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"首先,家庭宽带网络的需求大幅增加。其次,疫情也导致全球网络流量平均增加了50%,在武汉,流量增长甚至达到70%。流量模型也发生了变化:不再有闲时和忙时的区别、流量的热点也从室外走向室内,从城市转向农村。此外,2020年有更多的企业使用云服务。"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"在中国的某些行业,比如在线教育、医疗、零售等行业有多达85%的企业开始使用云服务。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"胡厚崑表示,这些新的变化需要更健壮的数字基础设施来进行满足,而要做到这一点,技术创新是必不可少的。在过去一年内,华为用创新的技术及服务,帮助全球170多个国家的300多张通信网络稳健运行。例如在印尼,华为采用了全新的数字化交付技术,在疫情之下,完成了5万多个基站的快速部署;在中国宁夏,采用了创新的一体化路由器,实现了一点接入多云,解决了疫情期间企业低成本快速上云的问题。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在胡厚崑主题演讲进行中,现场人员演示了一款名叫“华为河图”的应用,通过5G网络、5G的终端和AR技术结合,让与会者在现场仿佛置身于森林与宇宙的空间。华为希望通过这个应用来让虚拟世界和现实世界更好地融合在一起。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"胡厚崑表示,应用背后有几个关键的技术,第一是高精度的厘米级定位,比GPS定位精度高50倍;第二是强大的算力。形成高精度的3D地图,需要对上亿级的地图特征点进行采集和计算,必须要有强大的算力支持才能实现;还有就是对网络带宽的需求达到下行100Mbps,只有5G网络才能提供这样的大的带宽,使用5G手机才能获得更好的应用体验。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"“我们认为,虚拟世界和现实世界更好的融合,是下一步创新的重要目标。大家也可以想象一下,当我们把这样的技术应用到更多的场景,比如教育、娱乐、旅游、甚至交通导航,对于消费者来说,他们将获得前所未有的体验;对各类企业来说,这种应用将为我们建立新的互联网入口,蕴藏着无穷的商机。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"另外,胡厚崑也介绍了华为从技术、产品、应用三个层面通过5G创新来推动行业数字的进程。例如,在技术创新层面,华为的超级上行创新方案帮助解决工业互联网领域的上行瓶颈问题。在产品创新层面,华为的一体化5G边缘计算产品把边缘计算的部署效率提升了近10倍。在应用创新层面,华为通过无线应用场景实验室(X Labs)汇聚各个行业的代表性公司,如制造、医疗、金融、交通等,探讨怎么用5G的技术更好地进行数字化转型。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"合作是华为创新的重要抓手。“以5GtoB为例,我们一方面积极与各方伙伴合作,让华为的5G产品能够更好地满足不同行业场景的需求,如5G防爆基站可满足煤炭行业井下作业的需要。另一方面,我们与运营商积极合作,通过联合创新及战略合作形式,将5GtoB解决方案推广到各个行业,共同推进5GtoB 从1到N的规模复制,加速行业的数字化转型。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.infoq.cn\/resource\/image\/17\/ba\/17e9496f611cc9f2696b193cc4fd90ba.jpeg","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"“华为也在和多个行业进行合作,加速5G标准与行业标准的融合,通过标准化推动5GtoB形成规模。就在最近,华为、客户和伙伴在山西联合成立了智能矿山实验室。我们希望通过这样的合作模式,加速5G在行业中的规模应用。”胡厚崑表示,"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"华为和运营商、合作伙伴一同在20多个行业,签署了1000多个5GtoB项目合同。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"胡厚崑表示,后疫情时代,全球的经济有可能出现现K形复苏,数字化程度较高的组织和个人发展的更好,而数字化程度低的组织和个人相比前者差距越来越大。技术创新要带来更大的社会价值,避免社会发展的分化,促进社会和谐发展。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在疫情期间,华为与加纳合作农网基础设施项目,为加纳部署2000多个农村基站(RuralStar),将加纳的移动人口覆盖率从83%提升到95%,解决加纳偏远地区人口联接问题。华为通过云上人工智能服务帮助马来西亚小微企业做到疫情期间员工不增加,产量翻一番。由于部署了5G网络部署,远程B超联合诊疗、远程CT等开始越来越多的被应用,极大的缓解了医疗资源不平衡和紧缺的矛盾。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"发言的最后,胡厚崑强调,“虽然面对疫情,我们不得不‘关上了门’,但疫情也为我们打开了‘创新与合作的窗’,华为希望通过持续创新,与客户及伙伴开放合作,推动千行百业数字化转型。”"}]}]}

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