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硅谷工程师被特朗普特赦,免去牢狱之灾和2亿美金赔款

2021-01-21 15:37:03 InfoQ

{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"当地时间 1 月 20 日,美国当选总统拜登在首都华盛顿国会山举行的就职典礼上正式宣誓就任美国第 46 任总统。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"而在此前一天,特朗普在总统任职的最后几个小时内发出了 143 次赦免和减刑命令,包括其盟友、艺人和许多已定罪的毒品罪犯,去年因 Uber 窃取自动驾驶汽车技术而被判入狱 18 个月的谷歌前工程师安东尼·莱万多夫斯基(Anthony Levandowski),也在赦免名单中。知情人士表示,该名单由特朗普亲自确认。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":4},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"“我见过最大的商业犯罪”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"加利福尼亚法官称,Levandowski 案件是其所见过的“最大的商业秘密犯罪”。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"据悉,Levandowski 在 2015 年 12 月从 Google 自动驾驶的子公司 Waymo 下载了 14,000 个文档,当时他被 Uber 首席执行官 Travis Kalanick 挖走后即将离开 Waymo。离开 Waymo 后,Levandowski 成立了一家名为 Otto 的自动驾驶公司,该公司很快便被 Uber 收购。Uber 方任命 Levandowski 负责自动驾驶工程业务。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/wechat\/images\/38\/38bfdfff452b05a832474c518d00900d.png","alt":null,"title":null,"style":null,"href":null,"fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Anthony Levandowski,来源:nypost"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"2017 年 6 月左右,Levandowski 被 Waymo 指控偷窃商业机密,且拒绝接受 Uber 的内部调查。在 2018 年和解协议中,Uber 同意根据 Uber 当时的估值向 Waymo 支付 0.34%的股权,金额约为 2.45 亿美元。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"但在去年 8 月,旧金山联邦检察官对 Levandowski 提起了刑事诉讼,指控其掠夺了最高机密文件。美国司法部宣布了 33 项盗窃和企图窃取商业机密的指控,每项罪名的最高刑罚为 10 年监禁。但他只承认其中一项罪名,即将一个跟踪谷歌自动驾驶项目技术目标的文件下载到他的个人电脑上。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"“(Levandowski)特别努力地突袭 Waymo 的设计服务器,然后隐瞒他的活动”,诉讼书中写道。Levandowski 表示:“我下载这些文件的目的是为了自己的个人利益,并且我了解我无权为此目的使用这些文件。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"美国司法部在提审时称,Levandowski 有逃跑的风险。Levandowski 表示他愿意提供 30 万美元现金,但政府要求获得 200 万美元的担保。检方还要求 Levandowski 的父亲、继母和商业伙伴公布他们的财产,以确保他不会逃离。政府还要求 Levandowski 穿上脚踝监视器,在此期间他不会被允许乘坐飞机。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"美国旧金山地方法院法官威廉·阿尔苏普(William Alsup)拒绝给 Levandowski 较短的刑期,因为这将“为每位未来的杰出工程师窃取商业秘密开绿灯”。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"“这是我见过最大的商业秘密犯罪。”Alsup 在法庭上说,“这可不是小数目,规模非常大。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Levandowski 要求在其马林县的家中监禁一年,认为近一年疫情的爆发可能会让他在监狱里感染 COVID-19。他的律师向法官表示,调查人员没有发现任何证据表明“Levandowski 在离开谷歌后使用了谷歌的任何商业机密。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"法官最后裁定,一旦疫情消退,Levandowski 就可以被拘留入狱。此外,Levandowski 还被勒令向谷歌支付 1.79 亿美元,这一惩罚令他只能申请破产。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"延伸阅读:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/mp.weixin.qq.com\/s?__biz=MjM5MDE0Mjc4MA==&mid=2651031465&idx=1&sn=11c882c44e291f3c1fa39d6c81d0319f&chksm=bdbe7ffa8ac9f6ecbd85c8cbbaf783819c05526b23d1ec5972970efe2fb21bd9acdec543d1ec&token=1756994433&lang=zh_CN&scene=21#wechat_redirect","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"《涉嫌盗取前东家谷歌的代码,一位工程师被判赔1.8亿美金,将全由个人偿还》"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"根据白宫的一份声明,特朗普认为其已经“为自己的行为付出了巨大的代价,并计划竭尽全力促进公共利益” 。随后,Levandowski 发布推特表示:“我和我的家人很高兴有机会能够继续向前,并感谢总统和其他支持我的人。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/wechat\/images\/f2\/f200cbc4536f605a6a1ebdb5805ecf40.png","alt":null,"title":null,"style":null,"href":null,"fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"白宫方面表示,几位科技行业人士“强烈支持”赦免 Levandowski,其中包括风险投资家彼得•泰尔(Peter Thiel)、Oculus VR 创始人帕尔默•勒基(Palmer Luckey)和好莱坞经纪人出身的投资者迈克尔•奥维茨(Michael Ovitz)。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"同时,白宫也指出,美国地区法官 Alsup 在 Levandowski 入狱时,称其是“我们国家需要的杰出的、开创性的工程师”,但未提及会为“每位未来的杰出工程师窃取商业秘密开绿灯”一事。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":4},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"拜登对科技企业监管或更严"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"据外媒报道,拜登上台后可能“大修(overhaul)”《移民法案》,给科学、技术、工程和数学(STEM)领域的博士毕业生直接颁发绿卡。这反映出拜登对科技人才的重视,但并不意味着他会对科技企业采取宽松政策。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"拜登正式上台后需要面临特朗普留下的一系列棘手问题,包括如何约束强大的科技企业、如何应对中国科技企业等。在特朗普时期,政府围绕谷歌、Facebook、亚马逊、苹果和其他科技公司的权力展开了很多调查和诉讼,包括针对谷歌和 Facebook 提出的反托拉斯诉讼,现在这些都将转交给新政府。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"拜登此前在接受《纽约时报》采访时表示:“我从来都不是扎克伯格的忠实拥护者。我认为他确实是一个问题。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/wechat\/images\/27\/278dc6263540e430be035c4637ad8f78.png","alt":null,"title":null,"style":null,"href":null,"fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"拜登,来源:NPR"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在拜登的领导下,科技巨头可能会遭遇更多监管。但尚不清楚拜登司法部在反托拉斯执法和改革方面愿意走多远。在面对拆分大型科技公司的提议时,拜登表示,谈论拆分公司为时尚早,其倾向于通过监管来遏制其实力。这可能会让大型科技公司更难以当前的情况继续经营。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"而特朗普政府即将卸任的竞争事务主管马坎·德尔拉西姆(Makan Delrahim)也预计,拜登新政府会继续推进联邦政府对于美国科技公司的反垄断调查。“在网络效应可能导致赢家通吃的市场,你希望确保这里持有持续的竞争、持续的创新。”他表示,美国司法部、联邦贸易委员会以及国会“最适合对此仔细审查”。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"而外媒认为,特朗普任职期间针对社交科技公司的热议话题:联邦政府是否会承担起在线内容审核的重任,可能不会是拜登政府重点关注的领域。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在特朗普任期的最后,他还建议美国云巨头必须验证所有外国客户的 ID。不过该行政命令是否生效可能取决于拜登政府。不过外媒表示,合规成本可能会降低美国云服务提供商的竞争力,或加剧外国实体对其在美国公司数据隐私的现有怀疑,拜登政府或许会忽略该命令。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"由于特朗普与中国的“贸易战”,已经有很多中国科技公司的发展受到限制。虽然拜登已经明确表示特朗普的谈判伤害了美国人,但仍认为美国需要采取行动对付中国,否则它将“继续转移和抢劫美国公司”的技术和知识产权。他呼吁建立“新规则”和“新程序”来决定与外国的贸易关系。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"参考链接:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/nypost.com\/2021\/01\/20\/trump-pardons-convicted-ex-google-engineer-anthony-levandowski\/","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/nypost.com\/2021\/01\/20\/trump-pardons-convicted-ex-google-engineer-anthony-levandowski\/"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.hcamag.com\/us\/news\/general\/how-bidens-presidency-will-impact-hr-and-talent-mobility\/244087","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/www.hcamag.com\/us\/news\/general\/how-bidens-presidency-will-impact-hr-and-talent-mobility\/244087"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}}]}

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