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美籍华人MIT教授陈刚被捕:或面临最高20年监禁

2021-01-15 15:30:19 InfoQ

{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"blockquote","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"美籍华人教授因未能将其与中国的关系透露给美国能源部而被捕,或将面临最高20年监禁。"}]}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"MIT教授陈刚院士在波士顿被捕"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"1月14日,美国司法部在其官网上发布了一则针对MIT教授的指控,原因是这位麻省理工学院的教授未能将其与中国的关系透露给美国能源部。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"这位被指控的教授名叫陈刚,现年56岁,出生于中国,是美国公民。周四上午,他因涉嫌滥用职权而被捕,罪名是他滥用麻省理工学院教授的职称进行通信欺诈,**未提交外国银行帐户报告并在美国纳税申报单上作虚假陈述。**美国检察官安德鲁·莱林(Andrew Lelling)在周四的新闻发布会上宣布逮捕他。陈刚计划于当天晚些时候首次出庭。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/infoq\/37\/3776f9362f16bd11b06a96646f11bd3a.png","alt":null,"title":null,"style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":null,"fromPaste":true,"pastePass":true}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"根据指控文件披露,陈刚是麻省理工学院的教授兼研究员,担任麻省理工学院帕帕拉多微纳米工程实验室主任和固态太阳能热能转换中心(S3TEC)主任。大约从2013年开始,陈刚在麻省理工学院的研究已经获得了多家美国联邦机构提供的1900多万美元的资助。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"据称,自2012年以来,陈刚在中国担任了多项职务,主要提供建议和专业知识促进中国的科技发展,并获得相应的经济报酬,并参与至少两项“中国人才计划”(PRC Talent Programs)。自2013年以来,陈刚据称接受了大约2900万美元的外国资金支持,其中包括来自中国某大学的1900万美元。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"进一步消息称,陈刚为促进中国科学和经济发展所做的一些努力,已经在其2016年2月用他自己的MIT电子邮件账户发给自己的邮件中有所透露。电子邮件中写道:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"1、促进中国与其他国家间的合作;"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"2、无论从历史趋势还是现阶段我们处于的位置来看,中国都必须把(科学)创新作为关键和核心发展要素,而不是一时兴起;"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"3、我们的经济处于世界第二的位置,但是从技术(经济结构)和人才维度来讲,我们远没有达到世界第二的水平;"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"4、我们正在为环境、不可持续发展和劳动力成本方面付出高昂代价;"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"5、环境保护与经济发展并重,环境保护甚至更重要,我们必须依靠技术,不能再像过去那样发展;"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"......"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"根据美国法律对通信欺诈的指控规定,最高可判处二十年监禁,缓刑三年,以及最高25万美元的罚款。对虚假陈述的指控规定,最高可判处五年监禁,缓刑三年,以及罚款25万美元。对未提交FBAR的指控规定,最高可判处五年监禁,缓刑三年,以及25万美元的罚款。判决由联邦地区法院法官根据美国量刑指南和其他法定因素作出。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"检察官安德鲁·莱林(Andrew E. Lelling)对在接受记者采访时表示:“与外国研究人员合作并非非法,但是说谎(虚假陈述)是非法的”。"}]},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"已有50余位教授在美失业,华人为主"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"最近几年,美国方面一直在重点调查这类型的学者和教授。自2018年以来,美国国立卫生研究院(NIH)和联邦调查局(FBI)启动了对生物医学教授与中国关系的调查。调查之初,美国右派称华人偷窃美国知识产权,搜索个人或单位服务器存档的电子邮件、雇佣一批华人搜集情报。根据NIH的调查报告,被调查者最大的两个 “罪名” 是没有披露与中国关系、参加中国人才计划。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"这个“罪名”也出现在对陈刚的诉讼中,上述的一系列调查导致54名学者因未完全披露与中国的合作遭开除或主动提出辞职,其中绝大多数为华人学者,也有部分遭到起诉、判刑。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在这些被调查的人中,"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"约七成被调查者显示是未披露来自国外的科研经费,54%没有披露参与了国外的人才计划。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"事实上,在美国工作的中国人才数量还是比较多的。在此前纽约时报的一篇文章中就曾直接指出"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"美国人工智能的秘密武器是中国人才。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"blockquote","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"新的研究表明,在中国接受教育的科学家帮助美国公司和学校在尖端领域占据主导地位。现在,行业领先者们担心,不断恶化的政治紧张局势将削弱这一优势。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"中国的顶尖人工智能人才在美国的数量最多。在 2019 年人工智能大会上发表论文的 128 名中国大学本科毕业生中,有超过一半的人现在在美国工作。"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"延展阅读:"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/mp.weixin.qq.com\/s?__biz=MzU1NDA4NjU2MA==&mid=2247505146&idx=1&sn=c7d5efd7b2831fef062e2c3c8ba5c75f&chksm=fbea6d35cc9de423d66a053559d0b5e28c28e1e125f4748098d93f95fcc46cb65cec0de430fe&scene=27#wechat_redirect","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"《美国人工智能的秘密武器:中国人才》"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"参考链接:"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.nbcboston.com\/news\/local\/mit-professor-charged-with-fraud-for-failing-to-disclose-his-work-for-chinese-govt\/2280638\/","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/www.nbcboston.com\/news\/local\/mit-professor-charged-with-fraud-for-failing-to-disclose-his-work-for-chinese-govt\/2280638\/"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.justice.gov\/usao-ma\/pr\/mit-professor-arrested-and-charged-grant-fraud","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/www.justice.gov\/usao-ma\/pr\/mit-professor-arrested-and-charged-grant-fraud"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/mp.weixin.qq.com\/s\/o9ERitAYYSopJLojWKgScw","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/mp.weixin.qq.com\/s\/o9ERitAYYSopJLojWKgScw"}]}]}]}

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