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现代语言学之父乔姆斯基谈深度学习的未来

2020-12-26 09:06:59 InfoQ

{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"blockquote","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"作者自述"},{"type":"text","text":":过去几周,我一直在和我最喜欢的无政府主义者诺姆·乔姆斯基进行电子邮件交流。我最初联系他是想问他,人工神经网络(ANN)的最新发展是否会促使他重新考虑他著名的语言理论——普遍语法(Universal Grammar)。我们的谈话内容涉及深度学习可能存在的局限性,以及神经网络可以在多大程度上模拟生物大脑,还涉及到了更具哲学性的领域。在这篇文章中,我不会直接引用乔姆斯基教授的话,因为我们的讨论是非正式的,但我将尝试总结其中的要点。"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"本文最初发布于 Towards Data Science 博客,由 InfoQ 中文站翻译并分享。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"乔姆斯基是谁?"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"乔姆斯基首先是位语言学教授(被许多人称为“现代语言学之父”),但在学术圈之外,他更为知名的身份可能是活动家、哲学家和历史学家。他出版了 100 多本书,并在 2005 年《外交政策与展望》杂志进行的民意调查中被评为世界头号公共知识分子。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"郑重声明,我是乔姆斯基作品的崇拜者,尤其是他对美帝国主义、新自由主义和媒体的批评。我们的观点略有分歧的地方在于他对欧洲大陆哲学家(尤其是法国后结构主义者)的驳斥。或许,我在成年早期太过频繁地从福柯、拉康和德里达那里汲取灵感,因此受到了毒害,但我总是发现,乔姆斯基的哲学分析方法在道德上很有吸引力,但有点过于“干净”,对于我们的世界,无法给出令人满意地解释。虽然乔姆斯基对那些后结构主义杰出人物的蔑视显而易见,但他的哲学观点比他的批评者对他的赞扬更加微妙。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.infoq.cn\/resource\/image\/50\/4e\/50f0a4dc4325cbaf7b3b3006387d584e.png","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"普遍语法"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}}]}

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