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CNCF China Cloud origin survey report in 2019

2020-12-07 19:22:20 Aliyun yunqi

brief introduction :  stay CNCF, To better understand the use of open source and cloud native technologies , We regularly investigate the community . This is the third cloud native survey in China , In Chinese , In order to have a deeper understanding of the pace of cloud native technology adoption in China and how to empower developers and make changes in a large and growing community . This report is based on  2018 year 3 The month and  2018 year 11 The first two China reports released in June .

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China 72% Of the respondents used Kubernetes

stay CNCF, To better understand the use of open source and cloud native technologies , We regularly investigate the community . This is the third cloud native survey in China , In Chinese , In order to have a deeper understanding of the pace of cloud native technology adoption in China and how to empower developers and make changes in a large and growing community . This report is based on  2018 year 3 The month and  2018 year 11 The first two China reports released in June .

The focus of cloud native survey in China

  • 49% Of the respondents used containers in production , have other 32% Plan to do so . And 2018 year 11 Monthly comparison , This is a significant increase , At that time, only 20% Using a container .
  • 72% Of the respondents used Kubernetes, higher than 2018 year 11 Of the month 40%.
  • The utilization rate of public cloud is from 2018 year 11 Of the month 51% Down to 36%, Instead, use 39% New hybrid options for .
  • CNCF Projects are growing exponentially .CNCF There are now four projects that were born in China and are more widely used in the region : In the incubation stage Dragonfly and KubeEdge, And just graduated Harbor and TiKV.

2019 The cloud primordial survey in China includes 300 Interviewees - among 97% From Asia , Mainly in China .

Container usage

We know that containers have changed the cloud based infrastructure , But in the past year , The use of containers in production has become the norm . According to what we released earlier this year  2019 Global cloud Nativity survey ,84% Of the respondents used containers in production , Make containers everywhere around the world .

Chinese surveys show that , Although China lags behind the world in container use , But it's gaining momentum . In the China Survey , Nearly half (49%) Of the respondents used containers in production - from 2018 year 3 Monthly survey 32% and 2018 year 11 Of the month 20% Jump to a higher level .

Fewer and fewer Chinese members plan to use containers in production - Now? 32%,2018 year 3 In the monthly survey, it was 57%,11 Month for 40%. This means that many organizations have put container plans into practice , And no longer in the planning stage , But there is still room for growth , Hope to continue to grow .

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Your organization uses containers for Your organization uses containers for …
Proof of concept Proof of concept
Development Development
Test test
Production production

With the increase of application in production , Fewer containers in the test environment . about 28% Of the Chinese survey respondents currently use containers in the test - And 2018 year 3 Of the month 24% Compared with a slight increase , But with 2018 year 11 In the monthly survey 42% It's down compared to .

Despite the amazing advantages of containers , But it also brings challenges . It has changed over time , But the challenge of complexity remains the same . In the China Survey ,53% Forty percent of respondents rated complexity as their biggest challenge . by comparison ,2018 year 3 Monthly survey , 44% Respondents considered complexity the biggest challenge , Accounted for the highest .2018 year 11 Monthly survey 28% Interviewee , Third in proportion .

In terms of challenges , Second in security , Percentage of respondents 39%. For the first time, security has been listed as a top challenge . Lack of training and network tied third , Proportion 36%, and 35% Of the survey respondents identified reliability and monitoring as deployment challenges .

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container challenges Container challenge
complexity complexity
security Security
lack of training train Insufficient
networking The Internet
reliability reliability
monitoring monitor
service mash Service network
cultural changes w/development team Cultural change w/ The development team
scaling deployments based upon the load Extended deployment based on load
difficulty in choosing an orchestration solution It's hard to choose a choreographed process solution

Kubernetes growth

Kubernetes As a common platform for container layout, it is emerging in the industry and in China CNCF The adoption rate in the community has also risen dramatically .72% Thirty percent of the respondents said they used Kubernetes - And 2018 year 11 Of the month 40% There's a big increase compared to .

therefore , assessment Kubernetes The number of people from 42% Down to 17%.

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using in production Used in production
evaluating assessment

We also see Kubernetes The growth of production clusters at both ends of the deployment range . Most of the organizations surveyed in China do not use 10 Clusters , But run 50 The organization of more than clusters has increased . This may be due to an increase in the number of new respondents using containers in production , Thus increasing clusters .

36% Of the respondents had 2 To 5 Clusters , higher than 2018 year 11 Of the month 25%, Half of the respondents used 1 To 5 Clusters ,70% Of the respondents used 1 To 10 individual . Only 13% More respondents than 50 Clusters , And in the 2018 year 11 There is only... In the month 5% Interviewee .

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If you use Kubernetes, So how many production clusters do you have ?

pack

Helm It's packing Kubernetes The most popular method for applications ,54% Of the respondents chose this method .

entrance

NGINX(54%) Is the most used Kubernetes Import provider , The second is HAProxy(18%),F5(16%) and Envoy(15%).

Separate Kubernetes Applications

Managing objects in a cluster is a challenge , But the namespace helps manage... By filtering and controlling by group .71% Of the respondents separated with a namespace Kubernetes Applications . Use... In multiple teams Kubernetes Of the respondents , Yes 68% using namespace std .

monitor , Logging and tracking

For those who use monitoring , For users of logging and tracking solutions , Is it more common to run locally or through remote server hosting .46% Of the respondents used local monitoring tools , and 20% Twenty five percent of respondents run through remote services . As a whole, fewer respondents use logs and tracking , however 26% Of the respondents ran tracking locally , and 20% Running trace through remote services .21% Enterprise internal operation tracking tool , in addition 21% Of enterprises run through remote services .

Code

Because of continuous integration (CI) And continuous delivery (CD) Support for , The powerful functions of cloud and container jointly promote the speed of development and deployment in China . Our survey quantifies development speed by how often developers check code into the repository .35% Of the respondents check in code multiple times a day .43% Check in code several times a week for ,16% Check in code several times a month for .

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How often do you check in code ?
A few times a month Several times a month
Multiple times a day Several times a day
A few times a week Several times a week

Most respondents publish once a week (43%), And just over a fifth (21%) It's once a month . and 18% Once a day .12% Of the respondents worked on a specific schedule .

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Your release cycle is ?

CI/CD

Many people think that successful CI/CD Based on Process Automation . however , Our survey in China shows that , There are relatively few pure automation environments - Only 21% Of the respondents used an automatic publishing cycle , and 31% Rely on manual processes . The most popular is the hybrid , Occupy 46%.

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Is your release cycle manual or automatic ?

CI/CD It is a philosophy and technology to realize flexible delivery and lifecycle management of cloud native systems .Jenkins It's the most popular in the Chinese community CI/CD Tools , More than half of the community 53%,GitLab Occupy 40%.

Cloud and internal deployment

The clouds are growing , But this year's China survey shows a shift from the public cloud , The merging of private clouds and the emergence of hybrid clouds .2018 year 11 In the monthly survey , Public cloud usage seems to be peaking 51%, And this year it's down to 36%. The private cloud remains stable 42%,2018 year 11 Month is 43%. Hybrid cloud is the new choice this year , Occupy 39%.

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Your company / Which of the following data centers is used by organizations ?
Private cloud Private cloud
Public cloud Public cloud
Hybrid cloud A hybrid cloud
Other other

Cloud native project

CNCF Managing a lot of open source projects , These projects are for cloud native development , Deployment and lifecycle management are critical .CNCF Projects are growing exponentially in China . for example 57% Of the respondents used Prometheus Monitoring and alarm systems , a 2018 year 3 Of the month 16% There was a significant increase . Now? 35% Respondents use CoreDNS, 2018 year 3 Month only 10%.Containerd The runtime has also grown dramatically – from 2018 year 3 Of the month 3% Growth to 2019 At the beginning of the year 29%.

CNCF It also hosted four projects created in China , These projects are more widely used in the region .Dragonfly(17% Respondents used ) and KubeEdge(11% Respondents used ) Are the two most commonly used sandbox projects , Now both are in the incubation phase .Harbor and TiKV It's a graduation project , There were 27% and 5% Interviewees are used to produce .

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Graduating CNCF Project use
* barring : New graduation project Rook

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Hatched CNCF Project use
* barring : New incubation programs Argo,Contour and Operator Framework.Rook Now it's a graduation project .

since CNCF Since the last China Investigation , The benefits of using cloud native projects in production have shifted :

  • Faster deployment time is the biggest benefit for the first time , By 47% Of the respondents cited .
  • Improved scalability retains its early second place , Occupy 35%.
  • Cost savings still rank third , by 33%.
  • Increase developer productivity , Cloud mobility and higher availability rank fourth , Respondents accounted for 31%.2018 year 11 month , Availability is number one , Mobility ranked fourth .

There is no server

11.png

Does your organization use server free technology ?

In China's investigation ,36% Respondents use a hosting platform as a server free platform ,22% Using installable software .

12.png

Which server less hosting platform does your organization use ?

For companies that use a hosted platform as a server less tool , The top three providers are alicloud functional Computing (46%),AWS Lambda(34%) And Tencent cloud server free cloud function and Huawei FunctionStage Juxtaposition (12%).

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Which serverless installable platform does your organization use ?

For those who use installable software as a serverless tool ,Kubeless No. 1 (29%), The second is Knative(22%), as well as Apache OpenWhisk(20%).

2019 year , We've added new issues to the cloud native storage and service network . These are popular cloud native projects , These advantages can be supported in an active production environment :

Storage

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Does your organization use cloud native storage projects in production ?

The most common cloud native storage project is Ceph(24%),Amazon Elastic Block Storage(EBS)(23%) And container storage interface (CSI)(18%).

Service network

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Does your organization use service networks in production ?

China Cloud native community

CNCF Now in China, there are close to 50 Members . China is still CNCF The third largest contributor to the project ( By contributors and contributors ), Second only to the United States and Germany .

We have some case studies of Chinese companies , Include :

  • Jingdong uses Harbor It saves about 60% Maintenance time of .
  • The delivery efficiency of China Minsheng Bank has been improved 3-4 times , And use Kubernetes The utilization rate of resources has doubled .
  • Ant financial uses cloud native technology , At least ten times more in operation .

We also opened in China 20,000 It was attended by many people Kubernetes and Cloud Native Course , Recently, the first China Cloud Native + Open Source Virtual Summit .

The Chinese community has understood cloud native technology in many different ways .

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How do you understand cloud native technology ?
Documentation file
Technical podcast Technology podcasts
KubeCon + CloudNativeConMeetups and local events Parties and local events
Kubernetes blog  Kubernetes Blog
Trade press articals, blogs Industry journal articles , Blog
Articles article
Technical Webinars Technical seminar
CNCF website CNCF Website
Twitter
Kubernetes case studies Kubernetes A case study
Business-orientied webinars Business oriented seminars
CNCF webinars CNCF workshop
Industry Analyst Reports/Data Industry analysis report / data
Case Study Podcasts Case study podcast
Other other

file

72% Of the Chinese respondents learned about cloud native technology through documentation . Every CNCF The project has a lot of documentation on its website , You can find .

CNCF Invest thousands of dollars a year to improve project documentation . This includes project document hosting , Add a tutorial , Operation guide, etc .

Activities

The event is a popular way for respondents to understand cloud native technology .

41% Of the respondents chose KubeCon + CloudNativeCon As a place to learn new technologies . The next virtual KubeCon + CloudNativeCon Plans to 11 month 17 solstice 20 Saturday, .

37% Of the respondents chose parties and local events ,( for example Cloud Native Community Groups) As a way to understand cloud native technology .

Webinars

22% Of the respondents learned about cloud native technology through the technology webinar , have other 8% Choose a business oriented webinar , also 8% choice CNCF Webinars .

CNCF Enhanced its webinar program , And plans to arrange regular webinars for Chinese audiences . You can view the upcoming schedule and videos here , Slide and replay of previous webinar .

About survey methods and interviewees

Thank you very much to everyone involved in this survey !

The survey was conducted on 2019 year 10 Monthly progress . The survey was conducted in Chinese ,300 Of the respondents 97% From Asia .

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Your company / The size of the organization is ?

18.png

Your company / The industry of the organization belongs to ?
Financial services financial service
Government The government
Healthcare Medical care
Hotel and food services Hotel and catering services
Manufacturing manufacture
Media/Analyst The media / analysis
Non-profit uncommercially
Professional services professional services
Technology technology
Transportation traffic
Retail retail
Real estate, rental, leasing The real estate , Lease , lease
Scientific or technical services Science and technology services
Software Software
Telecommunications Communications
Transportation and  Transportation and
Utilities equipment
Other other

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Your job function is ?

 

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