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Software project management: knowledge introduction of software tools and development environment

2020-12-06 10:38:40 osc_ l89li1g7

              

1、 Software tools related concepts

  • Software tools : To assist software development 、 function 、 maintain 、 Active software in the process of management, etc .

  • Software development environment : It refers to the software system supporting the development of software products , It consists of software tool set and environment integration mechanism .

  • Software toolset : Including supporting software development related processes 、 Activities 、 Software tools for tasks , To provide comprehensive support for software development .

  • Environment integration mechanism : For toolsets and software development 、 maintain 、 Management provides unified support , It usually includes data integration 、 Control integration 、 Interface integration .

2、 Classification of software tools  

2.1 Software development tools

It is used to assist developers in software development activities , Including requirements analysis tools 、 Design tools 、 Coding and debugging tools, etc .

2.2 Software maintenance tools

It is used to assist maintenance personnel to carry out various maintenance activities on software code and its documents , Including version management Tools 、 Document analysis tools 、 Developing information base tools 、 Reverse engineering tools 、 Reengineering tools .

2.3 Software management and support tools

Software management and support tools are used to assist management and support activities of managers and software support personnel , To ensure that the software is completed with high quality . Including project management tools 、 Configuration management tools and software evaluation tools .

3、 The choice of software development tools

The choice of software development tools is one of the key factors for the success of a software development project . For how to choose development tools, we should refer to the standards and requirements of software projects for development tools , From the function 、 Ease of use 、 robustness 、 Hardware requirements 、 performance 、 And technical service support .

4、 Software development environment

Project software development based on software development environment , You can use the various tools available in the environment , At the same time, with the support of environmental information base , The result information produced by one tool can be used by other tools , Make the activities of software development get continuous support , Thus greatly improving the efficiency of software development , Improve the quality of the software .

4.1 The characteristics of software development environment

The environment is the integration of services

The environment should support the way the group works , And provide configuration management for it

The service of environment supports the whole process of software project development , Including analysis 、 Design 、 Programming 、 test 、 debugging 、 Documents, etc. .

5、 Introduction to the process of integrated computer aided software

With the rapid development of software development tools and automation tools , Software development environment has entered integrated computer aided engineering (ICASE) Stage .ICASE It not only provides data integration and control integration , It also provides a set of user interface facilities and tools , Including the vertical toolset ( Support software lifecycle phases 、 Ensure the completeness and consistency of the generated information )、 Horizontal toolset ( For different software development methods )、 Development tool slot ( Used to connect new tools ).

 

 

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