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Cause analysis of "only the original thread that created a view hierarchy can touch its views" when a child thread calls validate()

2020-11-10 11:03:17 Da Li


remarks : This article is based on sdk28, ViewActivity Hardware acceleration is disabled on the page (AndroidManifest.xml Added in android:hardwareAccelerated="false").

1、 The source of the anomaly is

ViewActivity Code link :https://gitee.com/2820174512/application/blob/master/app/src/main/java/com/example/myapplication/threadcheck/ViewActivity.java

Click on Hello,World! The following anomalies are reported :

You can see from the picture that the anomaly is in ViewRootImpl Class invalidateChildInParent Methods to check , Determine whether the current thread is a creation thread (View Class is usually created in the main thread ), Part of the code is as follows , It can be seen that it is in checkThread Method .

    @Override
    public ViewParent invalidateChildInParent(int[] location, Rect dirty) {
        checkThread();
        if (DEBUG_DRAW) Log.v(mTag, "Invalidate child: " + dirty);

        ...

        return null;
    }

    void checkThread() {
        if (mThread != Thread.currentThread()) {
            throw new CalledFromWrongThreadException(
                    "Only the original thread that created a view hierarchy can touch its views.");
        }
    }

2、 from View.invalidate() Method analysis

Let's take a look at TextView.invalidate() Method (View Of invalidate() Method )

    public void invalidate() {
        invalidate(true);
    }

    public void invalidate(boolean invalidateCache) {
        invalidateInternal(0, 0, mRight - mLeft, mBottom - mTop, invalidateCache, true);
    }

    void invalidateInternal(int l, int t, int r, int b, boolean invalidateCache,
            boolean fullInvalidate) {
        ...

        // Reset content capture caches
        mCachedContentCaptureSession = null;

        if ((mPrivateFlags & (PFLAG_DRAWN | PFLAG_HAS_BOUNDS)) == (PFLAG_DRAWN | PFLAG_HAS_BOUNDS)
                || (invalidateCache && (mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_DRAWING_CACHE_VALID) == PFLAG_DRAWING_CACHE_VALID)
                || (mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_INVALIDATED) != PFLAG_INVALIDATED
                || (fullInvalidate && isOpaque() != mLastIsOpaque)) {
            ...

            // Propagate the damage rectangle to the parent view.
            final AttachInfo ai = mAttachInfo;
            final ViewParent p = mParent;
            if (p != null && ai != null && l < r && t < b) {
                final Rect damage = ai.mTmpInvalRect;
                damage.set(l, t, r, b);
                p.invalidateChild(this, damage);
            }

            ...
        }
    }

The main execution logic : Ask the father up View perform invalidateChild() Method ,
The method for ViewParent Interface method ,ViewGroup Class implements the interface's invalidateChild Method

    public final void invalidateChild(View child, final Rect dirty) {
        final AttachInfo attachInfo = mAttachInfo;
        if (attachInfo != null && attachInfo.mHardwareAccelerated) {
            // HW accelerated fast path
            onDescendantInvalidated(child, child);
            return;
        }

        ViewParent parent = this;
        if (attachInfo != null) {

            ...
            
            do {
                View view = null;
                if (parent instanceof View) {
                    view = (View) parent;
                }

                if (drawAnimation) {
                    if (view != null) {
                        view.mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_DRAW_ANIMATION;
                    } else if (parent instanceof ViewRootImpl) {
                        ((ViewRootImpl) parent).mIsAnimating = true;
                    }
                }

                ...

                parent = parent.invalidateChildInParent(location, dirty);
                if (view != null) {
                    // Account for transform on current parent
                    Matrix m = view.getMatrix();
                    if (!m.isIdentity()) {
                        RectF boundingRect = attachInfo.mTmpTransformRect;
                        boundingRect.set(dirty);
                        m.mapRect(boundingRect);
                        dirty.set((int) Math.floor(boundingRect.left),
                                (int) Math.floor(boundingRect.top),
                                (int) Math.ceil(boundingRect.right),
                                (int) Math.ceil(boundingRect.bottom));
                    }
                }
            } while (parent != null);
        }
    }

    public ViewParent invalidateChildInParent(final int[] location, final Rect dirty) {
        if ((mPrivateFlags & (PFLAG_DRAWN | PFLAG_DRAWING_CACHE_VALID)) != 0) {
            
            ...

            return mParent;
        }

        return null;
    }

do while Loop up to request redrawing , In the end, it should be to ViewRootImpl Class invalidateChildInParent Method

3、ViewRootImpl How to communicate with View Association : from Activity Of setContentView To analyze

3.1 Topmost View——DecorView

To put View Display on the screen , Need to be in Activity In the implementation of setContentView, Here is the main analysis setContentView(View) Method

    public void setContentView(View view) {
        getWindow().setContentView(view);
        initWindowDecorActionBar();
    }

    public Window getWindow() {
        return mWindow;
    }

    final void attach(Context context, ActivityThread aThread,
            Instrumentation instr, IBinder token, int ident,
            Application application, Intent intent, ActivityInfo info,
            CharSequence title, Activity parent, String id,
            NonConfigurationInstances lastNonConfigurationInstances,
            Configuration config, String referrer, IVoiceInteractor voiceInteractor,
            Window window, ActivityConfigCallback activityConfigCallback) {
        attachBaseContext(context);

        mFragments.attachHost(null /*parent*/);

        mWindow = new PhoneWindow(this, window, activityConfigCallback);
        
        ...
    }

mWindow Attribute in android.app.Activity#attach Method , The implementation class for PhoneWindow, and PhoneWindow Of setContentView The implementation is as follows :

    // This is the top-level view of the window, containing the window decor.
    private DecorView mDecor;

    @Override
    public void setContentView(View view) {
        setContentView(view, new ViewGroup.LayoutParams(MATCH_PARENT, MATCH_PARENT));
    }

    @Override
    public void setContentView(View view, ViewGroup.LayoutParams params) {
        // Note: FEATURE_CONTENT_TRANSITIONS may be set in the process of installing the window
        // decor, when theme attributes and the like are crystalized. Do not check the feature
        // before this happens.
        if (mContentParent == null) {
            installDecor();
        } else if (!hasFeature(FEATURE_CONTENT_TRANSITIONS)) {
            mContentParent.removeAllViews();
        }

        if (hasFeature(FEATURE_CONTENT_TRANSITIONS)) {
            view.setLayoutParams(params);
            final Scene newScene = new Scene(mContentParent, view);
            transitionTo(newScene);
        } else {
            mContentParent.addView(view, params);
        }
        mContentParent.requestApplyInsets();
        final Callback cb = getCallback();
        if (cb != null && !isDestroyed()) {
            cb.onContentChanged();
        }
        mContentParentExplicitlySet = true;
    }

    private void installDecor() {
        mForceDecorInstall = false;
        if (mDecor == null) {
            mDecor = generateDecor(-1);
            mDecor.setDescendantFocusability(ViewGroup.FOCUS_AFTER_DESCENDANTS);
            mDecor.setIsRootNamespace(true);
            if (!mInvalidatePanelMenuPosted && mInvalidatePanelMenuFeatures != 0) {
                mDecor.postOnAnimation(mInvalidatePanelMenuRunnable);
            }
        } else {
            mDecor.setWindow(this);
        }
        
        ...
    }

    protected DecorView generateDecor(int featureId) {
        // System process doesn't have application context and in that case we need to directly use
        // the context we have. Otherwise we want the application context, so we don't cling to the
        // activity.
        Context context;
        if (mUseDecorContext) {
            Context applicationContext = getContext().getApplicationContext();
            if (applicationContext == null) {
                context = getContext();
            } else {
                context = new DecorContext(applicationContext, getContext());
                if (mTheme != -1) {
                    context.setTheme(mTheme);
                }
            }
        } else {
            context = getContext();
        }
        return new DecorView(context, featureId, this, getAttributes());
    }

It can be seen that mDecor by View The top of the tree View, yes DecorView An instance of a class .

3.2 DecorView And ViewRootImpl Association

I'm here by searching “DecorView How to communicate with ViewRootImpl Association ” Only then know the specific association code , See link https://www.cnblogs.com/huansky/p/11911549.html
Mainly in the ActivityThread Class handleResumeActivity In the method

    @Override
    public void handleResumeActivity(IBinder token, boolean finalStateRequest, boolean isForward,
            String reason) {
        // If we are getting ready to gc after going to the background, well
        // we are back active so skip it.
        unscheduleGcIdler();
        mSomeActivitiesChanged = true;

        // TODO Push resumeArgs into the activity for consideration
        final ActivityClientRecord r = performResumeActivity(token, finalStateRequest, reason);
        if (r == null) {
            // We didn't actually resume the activity, so skipping any follow-up actions.
            return;
        }

        final Activity a = r.activity;

        if (localLOGV) {
            Slog.v(TAG, "Resume " + r + " started activity: " + a.mStartedActivity
                    + ", hideForNow: " + r.hideForNow + ", finished: " + a.mFinished);
        }

        final int forwardBit = isForward
                ? WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_IS_FORWARD_NAVIGATION : 0;

        // If the window hasn't yet been added to the window manager,
        // and this guy didn't finish itself or start another activity,
        // then go ahead and add the window.
        boolean willBeVisible = !a.mStartedActivity;
        if (!willBeVisible) {
            try {
                willBeVisible = ActivityManager.getService().willActivityBeVisible(
                        a.getActivityToken());
            } catch (RemoteException e) {
                throw e.rethrowFromSystemServer();
            }
        }
        if (r.window == null && !a.mFinished && willBeVisible) {
            r.window = r.activity.getWindow();
            View decor = r.window.getDecorView();
            decor.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
            ViewManager wm = a.getWindowManager();
            WindowManager.LayoutParams l = r.window.getAttributes();
            a.mDecor = decor;
            l.type = WindowManager.LayoutParams.TYPE_BASE_APPLICATION;
            l.softInputMode |= forwardBit;
            if (r.mPreserveWindow) {
                a.mWindowAdded = true;
                r.mPreserveWindow = false;
                // Normally the ViewRoot sets up callbacks with the Activity
                // in addView->ViewRootImpl#setView. If we are instead reusing
                // the decor view we have to notify the view root that the
                // callbacks may have changed.
                ViewRootImpl impl = decor.getViewRootImpl();
                if (impl != null) {
                    impl.notifyChildRebuilt();
                }
            }
            if (a.mVisibleFromClient) {
                if (!a.mWindowAdded) {
                    a.mWindowAdded = true;
                    wm.addView(decor, l);
                } else {
                    // The activity will get a callback for this {@link LayoutParams} change
                    // earlier. However, at that time the decor will not be set (this is set
                    // in this method), so no action will be taken. This call ensures the
                    // callback occurs with the decor set.
                    a.onWindowAttributesChanged(l);
                }
            }

            // If the window has already been added, but during resume
            // we started another activity, then don't yet make the
            // window visible.
        } else if (!willBeVisible) {
            if (localLOGV) Slog.v(TAG, "Launch " + r + " mStartedActivity set");
            r.hideForNow = true;
        }

        ...
    }

General execution process : obtain Activity example a Corresponding WindowManager example wm, then addView.
Activity Of attach Method for mWindowManager Object Assignment ,mWindowManager Objects from mWindow Object

    final void attach(Context context, ActivityThread aThread,
            Instrumentation instr, IBinder token, int ident,
            Application application, Intent intent, ActivityInfo info,
            CharSequence title, Activity parent, String id,
            NonConfigurationInstances lastNonConfigurationInstances,
            Configuration config, String referrer, IVoiceInteractor voiceInteractor,
            Window window, ActivityConfigCallback activityConfigCallback) {
        attachBaseContext(context);

        mFragments.attachHost(null /*parent*/);

        mWindow = new PhoneWindow(this, window, activityConfigCallback);
        
        ...

        mWindowManager = mWindow.getWindowManager();
        ...
    }

mWindow The object is Window class ,getWindowManager The implementation is as follows , be ActivityThread Class handleResumeActivity Acquired wm The object implementation class is WindowManagerImpl class

    public WindowManager getWindowManager() {
        return mWindowManager;
    }

    public void setWindowManager(WindowManager wm, IBinder appToken, String appName,
            boolean hardwareAccelerated) {
        mAppToken = appToken;
        mAppName = appName;
        mHardwareAccelerated = hardwareAccelerated
                || SystemProperties.getBoolean(PROPERTY_HARDWARE_UI, false);
        if (wm == null) {
            wm = (WindowManager)mContext.getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
        }
        mWindowManager = ((WindowManagerImpl)wm).createLocalWindowManager(this);
    }

WindowManagerImpl class addView(View, ViewGroup.LayoutParams) The implementation is as follows

    @Override
    public void addView(@NonNull View view, @NonNull ViewGroup.LayoutParams params) {
        applyDefaultToken(params);
        mGlobal.addView(view, params, mContext.getDisplay(), mParentWindow);
    }

Entrusted to WindowManagerGlobal Class addView(View, ViewGroup.LayoutParams, Display, Window) Realization , The final call ViewRootImpl Of setView Method Association DecorView And ViewRootImpl

public void addView(View view, ViewGroup.LayoutParams params,
            Display display, Window parentWindow) {

        ...

        ViewRootImpl root;
        View panelParentView = null;

        synchronized (mLock) {
            ...

            root = new ViewRootImpl(view.getContext(), display);

            view.setLayoutParams(wparams);

            mViews.add(view);
            mRoots.add(root);
            mParams.add(wparams);

            // do this last because it fires off messages to start doing things
            try {
                root.setView(view, wparams, panelParentView);
            } catch (RuntimeException e) {
                // BadTokenException or InvalidDisplayException, clean up.
                if (index >= 0) {
                    removeViewLocked(index, true);
                }
                throw e;
            }
        }
    }

4、 other

4.1 obtain DecorView And ViewRootImpl The direct method of

stay View in mParent There's only one assignment , Is in the void assignParent(ViewParent parent) In the method , You can add a conditional breakpoint here parent instanceof ViewRootImpl, The corresponding call information can be obtained

ViewGroup Class invalidateChild Part of the code is as follows ,

    public final void invalidateChild(View child, final Rect dirty) {
        final AttachInfo attachInfo = mAttachInfo;
        if (attachInfo != null && attachInfo.mHardwareAccelerated) {
            // HW accelerated fast path
            onDescendantInvalidated(child, child);
            return;
        }

        ...

        do {
            View view = null;
            if (parent instanceof View) {
                view = (View) parent;
            }

            if (drawAnimation) {
                if (view != null) {
                    view.mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_DRAW_ANIMATION;
                } else if (parent instanceof ViewRootImpl) {
                    ((ViewRootImpl) parent).mIsAnimating = true;
                }
            }

            // If the parent is dirty opaque or not dirty, mark it dirty with the opaque
            // flag coming from the child that initiated the invalidate
            if (view != null) {
                if ((view.mViewFlags & FADING_EDGE_MASK) != 0 &&
                        view.getSolidColor() == 0) {
                    opaqueFlag = PFLAG_DIRTY;
                }
                if ((view.mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_DIRTY_MASK) != PFLAG_DIRTY) {
                    view.mPrivateFlags = (view.mPrivateFlags & ~PFLAG_DIRTY_MASK) | opaqueFlag;
                }
            }

            parent = parent.invalidateChildInParent(location, dirty);
            if (view != null) {
                // Account for transform on current parent
                Matrix m = view.getMatrix();
                if (!m.isIdentity()) {
                    RectF boundingRect = attachInfo.mTmpTransformRect;
                    boundingRect.set(dirty);
                    m.mapRect(boundingRect);
                    dirty.set((int) Math.floor(boundingRect.left),
                            (int) Math.floor(boundingRect.top),
                            (int) Math.ceil(boundingRect.right),
                            (int) Math.ceil(boundingRect.bottom));
                }
            }
        } while (parent != null);
    }

among attachInfo.mHardwareAccelerated Indicates that hardware acceleration is enabled , If hardware acceleration is enabled , Sub thread invalidate() No exceptions (genymotion9.0 No exception was generated in the simulator ,genymotion6.0 There will be an exception in the simulator ).
This article begins with activity This is why hardware acceleration is disabled in , And like in child threads requestLayout、addView When the hardware doesn't accelerate , There will be an exception .
invalidate() The flow chart of method call after execution is as follows :

4.3 View Loading thread problem

as long as View Not added to Window in View You can operate in the child thread , But there will be thread safety issues .

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