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Key layout of the Central Government: in the next five years, self-reliance and self-improvement of science and technology will be the priority, and these industries will be named

2020-11-10 08:46:15 osc_beahvznj

source : Lei feng network ; author : Li shuaifei

For Technology ,11 month 3 Japan , Perhaps the most insightful day of the year .

This day , There are two things , all eyes are fixed on .

The first one , Closely related to the ant group —— its A Femoral sum H Stock listing plan postponed , It's a wake-up call to the entire fintech industry .

But in the eyes of Lei Feng , The second thing , It's more important , It's also worth paying more attention to .

11 month 3 On the afternoon of Sunday 6 Time , Xinhua has been authorized to publish 《 The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has made the 14th five year plan for national economic and social development 〇 Suggestions for the long-term goal of three to five years 》( This paper is abbreviated to 《 planning 》), This is the central government's overall planning outline for the next five years , It's very important and instructive .

For Technology , Especially so .

Self reliance in science and technology has become the strategic support for national development

Make a five-year plan , It is a routine practice in our country to set goals and directions for the long-term development of the national economy , This year is the fourteenth time ——《 planning 》 Release , It basically reflects the central government's overall thinking on the development of the national economy in the next five years .

For the technology industry ,《 planning 》 Is of great significance .

from 《 planning 》 In terms of the structure of , In general, it can be divided into two parts , The first part is mainly to clarify " the 14th Five-Year Plan " The policy and goal of the period , That is to say " What to achieve ", There are two chapters ; The second part mainly talks about how to achieve the above goals , That is to say " How to achieve ", There are 13 chapters .

Lei Feng noticed , stay " How to achieve " In the thirteen chapters of , The top chapter is " Adhere to innovation driven development , Create new advantages for development in an all-round way ".

without doubt , The key word here is innovation , And of all the innovation , The first thing the state emphasizes is science and technology .

On this point ,《 planning 》 This is the general statement :

Adhere to the core position of innovation in the overall situation of China's modernization construction , Making science and technology self-reliance and self strengthening as a strategic support for National Development , Facing the forefront of science and technology in the world 、 Facing the main economic battlefield 、 To meet the country's major needs 、 Facing people's life and health , We will thoroughly implement the strategy of invigorating the country through science and education 、 Talent power strategy 、 Innovation driven development strategy , Improve the national innovation system , Speed up the construction of a powerful country with science and technology .

so , In central positioning , Innovation has become the core of China's modernization , And science and technology self-reliance has become the strategic support of national development , Put in the first place in various planning tasks , Carry out special chapter deployment —— This is the first time that the Central Committee has put " innovation " and " Technology " To such an important position .

actually , This is in the history of the central government's five-year plan , For the first time .

therefore , In the next five years , Scientific and technological innovation will play an increasingly important role in the development of the national economy .

Seven key points for strengthening the national strategic scientific and technological strength

that , say concretely , How can science and technology develop in China ?

stay 《 planning 》 in , The Central Committee has mentioned these points :

  • We will formulate an action plan for strengthening China through science and technology , We should improve the new national system under the socialist market economy , We should do a good job in tackling key core technologies , Improve the overall efficiency of the innovation chain ;

  • Strengthening basic research 、 Focus on original innovation , Optimize the layout of disciplines and R & D , Promote interdisciplinary integration , Improve the supply system of common basic technology ;

  • Aim at AI 、 Quantum information 、 The integrated circuit 、 Life and health 、 Brain science 、 Biological breeding 、 Aerospace Technology 、 Deep earth, deep sea and other frontier areas , Implementation of a number of forward-looking 、 Strategic national major science and technology projects ;

  • To formulate and implement strategic scientific plans and scientific projects , Promote scientific research institutes 、 Colleges and universities 、 Enterprise scientific research force optimization allocation and resource sharing ;

  • Promote the construction of national laboratory , Restructuring the State Key Laboratory System ;

  • We will build comprehensive national science centers and regional innovation highlands , Support Beijing 、 Shanghai 、 The Great Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao has formed an international science and technology innovation center ;

  • Build a high-end exchange platform for national research papers and scientific and technological information .

The seven points above , yes 《 planning 》 Measures to strengthen the national strategic scientific and technological strength , There are macro designs , There is also a partial emphasis on —— Especially for artificial intelligence 、 Quantum information 、 The integrated circuit 、 Life and health 、 Brain science 、 Biological breeding 、 Aerospace Technology 、 The emphasis on frontier fields such as deep earth and deep sea , It provides specific guidance for the development of science and technology in China .

It is worth mentioning that , At the innovation level , The central government also emphasizes the role of enterprises , for instance :

Enhance the technological innovation ability of enterprises . Strengthen the dominant position of enterprise innovation , Promote all kinds of innovation elements to gather in enterprises . Promote the deep integration of industry, University and research , Support enterprises to take the lead in forming innovation consortia , Undertake major national science and technology projects . Give full play to the important role of entrepreneurs in technological innovation , Encourage enterprises to increase R & D investment , Preferential tax policy for enterprises to invest in basic research .

besides , For the development of science and Technology ,《 planning 》 It's still technology talent 、 Science and technology system 、 Technology Evaluation 、 intellectual property right 、 The direction of investment is put forward —— More Than This , The central government also pays more attention to basic research on the development of science and technology 、 The combination of industry and research 、 Application transformation, etc .

In the next five years , China's industrial development should also embrace science and technology

Within the overall framework of national economic and social development , The role of technological innovation has been highly recognized .

But actually , As an important part of national economic and social development , In the next five years , Industry's attitude towards science and technology ( Especially technology ) And the embrace will certainly go deeper —— These in 《 planning 》 There is also a reflection of .

for instance , For the development of industrial chain and supply chain ,《 planning 》 Emphasize to build new industry chain , Promote the high-end of traditional industries 、 Intelligent 、 greening ; meanwhile , We should make up for the short board of industrial chain and supply chain , Carry out the project of rebuilding industrial foundation , We will increase efforts to tackle key problems in important products and key core technologies , Develop advanced and applicable technologies , Promote the diversification of industrial chain and supply chain .

secondly ,《 planning 》 It means to develop strategic emerging industries , say concretely : To speed up the

New generation information technology 、 Biotechnology 、 New energy 、 The new material 、 High-end equipment 、 New energy vehicle 、 Green, environmental protection and Aerospace 、 Marine equipment and other industries . Promoting the Internet 、 big data 、 Artificial intelligence is equivalent to the deep integration of various industries , Promote the development of advanced manufacturing clusters , Build a group of distinctive features 、 Complementary advantages 、 The growth engine of strategic emerging industries with reasonable structure , Cultivate new technologies 、 New products 、 New formats 、 A new model . Promoting platform economy 、 The healthy development of sharing economy .

thus , From the industry named , We can see the development opportunities in the next five years .

It is worth mentioning that , stay 《 planning 》 in ," New infrastructure " Be mentioned again . say concretely , In terms of infrastructure construction , To build a complete system 、 Efficient and practical 、 Smart green 、 Safe and reliable modern infrastructure system —— Of course, the point is " New infrastructure ", That is to speed up the fifth generation mobile communication 、 Industrial Internet 、 Big data center, etc .

in addition ,《 planning 》 Also said , To speed up the development of digitalization , Building Digital China . say concretely , There are the following points :

  • Developing the digital economy , Promote digital industrialization and industrial digitization , Promote the deep integration of digital economy and real economy , To build a digital industry cluster with international competitiveness ;

  • Strengthening the digital society 、 Digital government building , Improving public services 、 Social governance and other digital intelligent level ;

  • Establish the property rights of data resources 、 Trading flows 、 Cross border transmission and security protection and other basic systems and standards , Promote the development and utilization of data resources ;

  • Expand the orderly opening of basic public information data , Building an open platform for national data sharing . Protecting national data security , Strengthen personal information protection . Improving digital skills for all , To achieve full coverage of information services ;

  • Actively participate in the development of international rules and standards in the digital field .

Summary

If the 《 planning 》 Read through , Will find , In fact, scientific and technological innovation has been integrated into almost all aspects of national economy and social development , Like finance 、 Culture 、 education 、 Environmental Science 、 Military, etc . As science and Technology Daily said in its commentary :

The strategic significance of scientific and technological innovation has been raised to an unprecedented high .

actually , Last 20 years , China also attaches great importance to the development of science and technology , In the Internet 、 Mobile communication and other information technology fields have also made a series of progress , And made great contributions to the economic and social development ; But in the next five years , The development of science and technology will pay more attention to quality , Pay more attention to the improvement of system capability , It's going to be more difficult , It also relies more on basic technology research and core technology breakthroughs , For example, integrated circuit technology .

Especially in the current international and domestic environment , China needs technological innovation solutions more than ever , More than ever, we have realized the importance of self-reliance in science and technology .

Of course , Lei Feng noticed , Science and Technology Daily also said in a commentary that , The emphasis on self-reliance in science and technology does not mean “ cut off one 's country from the outside world ”, No country can solve all the innovation problems on its own , So we have to open up and cooperate 、 On the basis of exchange and mutual learning , Actively integrate into the global science and technology innovation network .

This recognition , It's also very sober .

in any case , Whether it's at the central decision-making level , Or is it the general social cognition , And the needs of Industrial Development , In the next five years , Independent innovation in science and technology will become the top priority , And it will have a significant impact on China's social and economic development .

In a word : In the next five years , Technology first .

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