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eleven point nine

2020-11-09 22:19:25 Wood

rabbitmq Six models

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The program that sends the message is the producer
The queue represents a mailbox .
The consumer is waiting to receive messages from the queue
ConnectionFactory f = new ConnectionFactory();

    f.setHost("192.168.64.140");
    f.setPort(5672);// Optional ,5672 Is the default port 
    f.setUsername("admin");
    f.setPassword("admin");

Working mode

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A producer , Two consumers
rabbitmq Polling distribution messages among all consumers , Send the message evenly to all consumers

Reasonable distribution

abbitmq It will distribute more than one message at a time to consumers , This may cause some consumers to be very busy , And other consumers are free . and rabbitmq Nothing about it , It still distributes the message evenly

We can use basicQos(1) Method , This tells rabbitmq Send consumers one message at a time , Before returning the confirmation receipt , Don't send new messages to consumers . It's about sending the message to the next idle consumer

Message persistence

When rabbitmq closed , Messages in our queue will still be lost , It doesn't lose data unless it's explicitly required

requirement rabbitmq There are two things to do without losing data : Make both queues and messages persistent (durable)

The queue is set to be persistent , You can specify parameters when defining queues durable by true

The second parameter is the persistence parameter durable

ch.queueDeclare("helloworld", true, false, false, null);

Publish and subscribe mode

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We're going to do something totally different —— We're going to deliver the same message to multiple consumers . This pattern is called “ Release / subscribe ”.

Exchanges Switch

RabbitMQ The core idea of the messaging model is , The producer will never send any messages directly to the queue . actually , Usually the producer doesn't even know if the message will be delivered to any queue .
There are several types of exchanges available :direct、topic、header and fanout. We will focus on the last one ——fanout. Let's create a switch of this type , And call it " logs: ch.exchangeDeclare("logs", "fanout");

Automatically generate queue names
non-durable , Monopoly , Automatically delete
String queueName = ch.queueDeclare().getQueue();

4. Routing mode

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