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How can cube help kedun's business containerization "in one step" under the demand of cost reduction and efficiency increase?
2020-11-09 11:32:07 【No e45irv7l】
With Docker For the representative container technology shortens enterprise application from development 、 Build to release 、 The whole life cycle of running .Gartner It is speculated that 2022 There will be 75% Global enterprises will use containerized applications in production （ At present, it is about 30%）. because Docker It is often difficult to support large-scale containerized deployment independently , So it was born Kubernetes And container layout tools , Solve the organization and management problems of large-scale container .
But in fact ,Kubernetes The system of using is still very complicated , For the development and operation and maintenance personnel of the enterprise , Need to have a certain network 、 Storage 、 System and other technical capabilities . At the same time Kubernetes In the process of cluster deployment , It also needs to face multi node cluster construction and maintenance 、 The choice and configuration of network and storage . The above problems are inevitable in the container deployment and container arrangement of large-scale applications , Kedun faces the same dilemma .
Why does kedun choose containerization ？
Shenzhen kedun Technology Co., Ltd （ Hereinafter referred to as kedun ） It is the leading Internet big data service provider in China , It is a national high-tech enterprise focusing on research and application development in the field of cyberspace governance , Committed to network security 、 Netcom 、 The government and large and medium-sized enterprises provide big data Internet public opinion monitoring 、 Network information mining and business monitoring services , So that in time 、 accurate 、 Comprehensively grasp the Internet public opinion information , Quickly resolve the crisis of public opinion . At the same time, we can fully obtain network intelligence clues and market competitive intelligence , Crack down on Internet crimes for government agencies 、 Enterprises improve market competitiveness and provide high-tech edge tools .
The data source of public opinion analysis covers almost all the public information of Internet platforms , Including common information sites and social media 、 We-Media 、 Short video and other platforms . Therefore, we should build a complete and accurate public opinion monitoring system , Not only do we need strong data collection capabilities , You also need to have strong data analysis 、 Value Mining ability , For the bottom IT Architecture presents huge technical challenges .
Before implementing microservices and containerized deployment , Kedun directly deploys the application on the server , Developers spend a lot of time developing 、 Test and production environment configuration , But also to solve the daily emergence of the network 、 journal 、 Monitoring and other issues . With the expansion of the company's business , The whole system is becoming more and more complicated , And it depends on complexity 、 The data is not isolated 、 Logical repetition , So kedun transformed its business into a microservice architecture .
Kedun used SpringCloud Micro service system and Eureka Service registry , The overall business architecture is divided into task scheduling 、 Data collection 、 data storage 、 Data processing and so on , The overall business structure is as follows ：
The system collects the data of the registered node according to the task , Schedule effective acquisition targets to data acquisition nodes , The data acquisition node processes the target according to the algorithm , Transfer data results according to their content type , Transfer to based on MySQL、MongoDB、HBase、Elasticsearch、 Storage queues for services such as object storage , The data is cleaned by the processing chain 、 Resource file split download 、 Model to predict 、 Business tag of each subsystem 、 Data push service, etc .
In the microservice phase , As the number of applications increases , One release often involves multiple applications , This puts forward higher requirements for the team's automatic operation and maintenance level . therefore , The team started to container the application . Each module is packaged into a mirror image , Can run on any platform , Easy to achieve business migration and expansion ; There is no need to repeatedly configure the environment , coordination Gitlab It can be very convenient for continuous delivery and deployment , You can also isolate applications .
Cube Faster and lighter than the container
The use of containers does solve the delivery efficiency faced by kedun before 、 Operation and maintenance cost and environmental consistency , But self built Docker There are still some problems with the service , for example ：
Need to buy fixed resource specification host , The cost input is relatively high ;
It can only be mounted through the host , Cumbersome operation ;
Only support single IP, Binding extra IP It's very complicated ;
In case of failure, additional control and scheduling system should be installed to restart ;
Only through namespace and cgroup Weak isolation ;
Need to use docker Command to create , High learning cost .
adopt UCloud Container instance Cube, Users only need to provide a packaged container image , In seconds , Realize batch deployment of containerized applications , You don't need to buy a host or K8S colony , And only pay for the resources consumed by the container's actual operation .
Besides Cube It also has the following advantages ：
Use... On the Internet UCloud VPC The network provides intranet services , And UCloud Other cloud products get through ;
The storage is directly attached to the cloud disk , High reading and writing performance , Easy to operate ;
Cube The control and scheduling system automatically restarts the container , Strong self-healing ability ;
UCloud Massive resources support , Large clusters avoid single node failures ;
Use Firecracker Virtualization technology realizes strong isolation at the virtual machine level .
be based on Cube The advantages of , Kedun has migrated its data acquisition node to Cube, The log collection scheme is accessed by the original host local mapping , Send to instead Kafka queue . Due to the nature of containerized applications , Kedun doesn't need to transform its business , The original image can be directly used in Cube Deployment application , Achieve smooth migration . and Kafka Application , It also improves log collection 、 The efficiency of Management .
Cube Help kedun to achieve rapid business roll back and horizontal expansion . follow-up , Kedun plans to introduce K8S colony , And migrate more services on the data processing chain to Cube.
Kedun's business architecture has changed from traditional server deployment mode to microservice architecture 、 Containerization , And then to the choice UCloud Container instance service Cube Migration , It's enterprises that reduce resource costs 、 The way to improve the efficiency of operation and maintenance of development , It also fits the context of the rise of cloud native technology . Whether it's a container Docker、Kubernetes still Serverless Architecturally Cube, Finally, it will return to the core value of reducing cost and increasing efficiency for enterprises .
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