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A few lines of code can easily transfer traceid across systems, so you don't have to worry about losing the log!

2020-11-08 23:46:51 Liu Zhihang

Preface

It's too much trouble checking logs for new projects , Check between multiple machines , I don't know if it's the same request . Use when printing the log MDC Add a traceId, So this one traceId How to transfer across systems ?

official account :『 Liu Zhihang 』, Record the skills in work study 、 Development and source notes ; From time to time to share some of the life experience . You are welcome to guide !

background

It's also a note on new project development , Because it's a distributed architecture , It involves the interaction between systems

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At this time, there will be a very common problem :

  1. A single system is a cluster deployment , Logs are distributed across multiple servers ;
  2. Multiple system logs on multiple machines , But a request , It's even more difficult to check the log .

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Solution

  1. Use SkyWalking traceid Link tracking ;
  2. Use Elastic APM Of trace.id Link tracking ;
  3. Make your own traceId and put To MDC Inside .

MDC

MDC(Mapped Diagnostic Context) It's a mapping , Used to store context data for a specific thread running context . therefore , If you use log4j Logging , Each thread can have its own MDC, The MDC Global to the entire thread . Any code belonging to the thread can easily access the thread's MDC Exists in .

How to use MDC

  1. stay log4j2-spring.xml Add... To the log format of %X{traceId} To configure .
<Property name="LOG_PATTERN">
    [%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS}]-[%t]-[%X{traceId}]-[%-5level]-[%c{36}:%L]-[%m]%n
</Property>
<Property name="LOG_PATTERN_ERROR">
    [%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS}]-[%t]-[%X{traceId}]-[%-5level]-[%l:%M]-[%m]%n
</Property>

<!--  Omit  -->

<!-- Configuration of the output console -->
<Console name="Console" target="SYSTEM_OUT" follow="true">
    <!-- Format of output log -->
    <PatternLayout charset="UTF-8"  pattern="${LOG_PATTERN}"/>
</Console>
  1. New interceptors

Intercept all requests , from header In order to get traceId Then put MDC in , If not , Directly UUID Generate a .

@Slf4j
@Component
public class LogInterceptor implements HandlerInterceptor {
    
    private static final String TRACE_ID = "traceId";

    @Override
    public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler, Exception arg3) throws Exception {
    }

    @Override
    public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler, ModelAndView arg3) throws Exception {
    }

    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler) throws Exception {

        String traceId = request.getHeader(TRACE_ID);
        if (StringUtils.isEmpty(traceId)) {
            MDC.put(TRACE_ID, UUID.randomUUID().toString());
        } else {
            MDC.put(TRACE_ID, traceId);
        }


        return true;
    }
    
}
  1. Configure interceptors
@Configuration
public class WebConfig implements WebMvcConfigurer {
    @Resource
    private LogInterceptor logInterceptor;

    @Override
    public void addInterceptors(InterceptorRegistry registry) {
        registry.addInterceptor(logInterceptor)
                .addPathPatterns("/**");
    }
}

How to transfer across Services traceId

  • FeignClient

Because it's used here FeignClient Call between services , Just add a request interceptor

@Configuration
public class FeignInterceptor implements RequestInterceptor {

    private static final String TRACE_ID = "traceId";

    @Override
    public void apply(RequestTemplate requestTemplate) {

        requestTemplate.header(TRACE_ID, MDC.get(TRACE_ID));

    }
}
  • Dubbo

If it is Dubbo You can extend Filter Way of transmission traceId

  1. To write filter
@Activate(group = {"provider", "consumer"})
public class TraceIdFilter implements Filter {

    @Override
    public Result invoke(Invoker<?> invoker, Invocation invocation) throws RpcException {


        RpcContext rpcContext = RpcContext.getContext();


        String traceId;

        if (rpcContext.isConsumerSide()) {

            traceId = MDC.get("traceId");

            if (traceId == null) {
                traceId = UUID.randomUUID().toString();
            }

            rpcContext.setAttachment("traceId", traceId);

        }

        if (rpcContext.isProviderSide()) {
            traceId = rpcContext.getAttachment("traceId");
            MDC.put("traceId", traceId);
        }

        return invoker.invoke(invocation);
    }
}
  1. Appoint filter
src
 |-main
    |-java
        |-com
            |-xxx
                |-XxxFilter.java ( Realization Filter Interface )
    |-resources
        |-META-INF
            |-dubbo
                |-org.apache.dubbo.rpc.Filter ( Plain text file , The content is :xxx=com.xxx.XxxFilter)

The screenshot is as follows :

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The test results are as follows :

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dubbo filter The source code address is at the end of the article
You can also pay attention to the official account , send out traceid obtain

The other way

Of course, if the partners use SkyWalking perhaps Elastic APM It can also be injected in the following ways :

  1. SkyWalking
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.skywalking</groupId>
    <artifactId>apm-toolkit-log4j-2.x</artifactId>
    <version>{project.release.version}</version>
</dependency

And then [%traceId] Configure in log4j2.xml Of documents pattern Then you can

  1. Elastic APM

    1. Specified at startup enable_log_correlation by true
    2. take %X{trace.id} Configure in log4j2.xml Of documents pattern in

Expand

Unified log collection

Although there are traceId It can trace the whole link and query the log , But it's also on multiple servers after all , In order to improve the query efficiency , Consider putting the logs together .

The commonly used method is based on ELK The log system of :

  1. Use filebeat The collection log is submitted to logstash
  2. logstash For word segmentation, filtering, etc , Output to Elasticsearch
  3. Use Kinbana Or develop your own visualization tools from Elasticsearch Query log

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Conclusion

This paper mainly records the problems encountered in the recent development process , I hope it will help my little friends . deficiencies , Welcome to correct . If you have other suggestions or opinions, please leave a message to discuss , Common progress .

Related information

  1. Log4j 2 API:https://logging.apache.org/lo...
  2. SkyWalking:https://github.com/apache/sky...
  3. Elastic APM:https://www.elastic.co/guide/...
  4. Dubbo filter:http://dubbo.apache.org/zh-cn...
  5. this paper Dubbo filter demo:https://github.com/liuzhihang...

版权声明
本文为[Liu Zhihang]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢