2015 year 6 month , The 15th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People's Congress deliberated for the first time 《 Network security law of the people's Republic of China （ The draft ）》.2015 year 7 month 6 solstice 8 month 5 Japan , The draft is open to the public for comments .2016 year 6 month , The 21st Meeting of the 12th NPC Standing Committee deliberated on the second draft , And then 《 Network security law of the people's Republic of China （ Draft for second deliberation ）》 Open to the public for comments .10 month 31 Japan , The draft network security law was submitted to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for deliberation .2016 year 11 month 7 Japan , The Standing Committee of the 12th National People's Congress had a high vote （154 In favor of 、0 Against 、1 Abstention ） Passed 《 Network security law of the people's Republic of China 》（ hereinafter referred to as 《 Network security law 》）. As the basic law of China's network security ,《 Network security law 》 It's network security “ Rule of law ” The important embodiment of , It is of great significance to protect the network security of our country .
《 Network security law 》 There are seven chapters and 79 articles ,2017 year 6 month 1 Effective as of .
One 、 The background and significance of legislation
1、 Legislative background
“ No network security, no national security ”. Network security has become a relationship between national security and development 、 Major issues concerning the vital interests of the broad masses of the people . The Internet has been deeply integrated into all aspects of economic and social life , Network security threats also penetrate into all levels of economic society , The importance of network security is increasing .
In such a situation , The formulation of network security law is the need to safeguard the vital interests of the people of the country , It is the objective need to maintain network security , It is an important measure to implement the overall national security concept .
2、 Legislative significance
《 Network security law 》 It is an important law in the national security legal system , It's the basic law in the field of network security , Compared with the previous 《 National security law 》、《 Anti Terrorism Law 》 They belong to the same rank .《 Network security law 》 For the establishment of national network security basic management system has milestone significance .
《 Network security law 》 It is an important measure to implement the overall national security concept .“ No network security, no national security , No information, no modernization .”《 Network security law 》 It is to adapt to the new situation of network security in China 、 new task , We will implement the central government's decision-making and deployment , Major measures to protect network security and development interests .《 Network security law 》 The legal requirements on the national cyberspace security strategy and the security planning in important fields are clearly put forward in this paper , It is helpful to promote an effective strategic game with other countries and actors on network security issues .
《 Network security law 》 Help cyberspace governance , Escort “ Internet +”.《 Network security law 》 It will become a new starting point and turning point , The protection of citizens' personal information is on the right track , Cyber violence 、 Internet rumor 、 Internet fraud, etc “ cancer ” The living space will be greatly squeezed , and “ Four Haves ” China's good netizens have gone from moral consciousness to legal norms , Safeguard one's legitimate rights and interests with legal weapons , by “ Internet +” The long-term development of the escort .
《 Network security law 》 Improve the network security obligations and responsibilities .《 Network security law 》 Scattered in various laws and regulations 、 The provisions in the regulations rise to the legal level of the people's Congress , The legal obligations and responsibilities of network operators and other subjects are comprehensively stipulated .