This paper analyzes the top ten Internet of things applications in 2020!
2020-11-08 11:26:29 【osc_zk7ydfv6】
source ： Beijing Internet of things Intelligent Technology Application Association
Well known Internet of things research institutions IoT Analytics 2020 According to the latest report in , Compared with previous years , At present, most of the Internet of things projects are still in industry / Manufacturing sector , in addition , traffic 、 energy 、 The market share of vertical sectors such as retail and health care also increased relatively .
meanwhile ,IoT Analytics Also on the 1414 The project of Internet of things is studied , The results are included in the 2020 year 620 In the list of IOT platforms . Studies have shown that , There are more than 1000 Public IoT The project is using the Internet of things platform , It also highlights IoT Platform in IoT The importance and universality of solutions when they are brought to market .
This article will start from 10 Selected from application areas 20 Analysis of typical cases .
（ notes ： This paper is limited to the Internet of things platform , Does not include any consumer centric IOT projects , Such as smart home 、 Wearable devices or other amateur projects .）
1、 Application fields of Internet of things —— Industry / manufacturing
Smart city 2018 Ranked first in Internet of things research in , But industry / Manufacturing has already replaced smart cities , It has become the leader in the vertical application of the Internet of things . Such as Microsoft and AWS And other technology giants , And large industrial automation participants such as Siemens and Rockwell , It's all industry / Main drivers of digital transformation in manufacturing industry .
“ The industrial Internet of things is changing manufacturing rules , The cloud computing and edge innovation promoted by it will accelerate the development of digital factory , And improve the operational efficiency of enterprises .”
—— Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella,2019 year 11 month
“ Manufacturers and industrial operators have found ways to apply the Internet of things to the entire operation process , And it has gained measurable business value . Combining Internet of things technology with expertise in specific industrial applications , Better collaboration can be achieved 、 Solve problems faster 、 And increase productivity .”
—— CEO of Rockwell Automation Blake Moret,2019 year 5 month
1.2 Typical IOT applications
The application field of industrial Internet of things covers all kinds of things connection inside and outside the factory . for example , There are many bases inside the factory IoT Factory automation control project , Including workshop monitoring 、 Workshop wearable devices and augmented reality 、 long-range PLC Control or automatic quality control system such as intelligent factory overall solution . There is also remote control of the connected machinery outside the plant 、 Equipment monitoring or remote industrial operation （ Such as oil drilling rig ） A large number of typical projects managed and controlled . in fact , Many case studies have referred to it “ Reduce operational downtime and cost savings ”—— This is the key driving force supporting OEMs to introduce industrial IOT solutions .
1.3 Case study of IOT platform support project
Case study 1：Howden Hybrid reality solutions . Scottish manufacturer of air and gas treatment solutions Howden Join Microsoft and PTC A scalable hybrid reality solution is developed , The solution integrates real-time IOT data of products with 3D Augmented reality superimposed , To provide step-by-step guidance on how to solve equipment problems . Compared with the past, it can only be based on speculation and ex post analysis , This solution can help customers reduce unplanned downtime and related costs , And better coordinate the overall maintenance strategy .
Case study 2：Severstal Asset performance . Russian steel manufacturer Severstal And GE cooperation , Hope to pass Predix Asset performance management reduces unplanned maintenance delays . The solution is through continuous improvement of maintenance strategy , Finally, the cost of repair and maintenance plan is effectively reduced 、 Effectively reallocate resources and reduce production risk , The reliability of the equipment is improved 20％.
2、 Application fields of Internet of things —— traffic / Transportation
traffic / Transportation is IoT Analytics 2020 The second largest application field of Internet of things . Tesla in 2012 Launched in 2013 Model S when , It is the first time to launch the software update function in the air , This sets the industry benchmark for Internet vehicles . From then on , Almost every car manufacturer has begun to imitate and integrate similar Internet of things technologies .
“ Interconnection solutions extend the uptime of vehicles and related equipment for our customers , The driver is 、 Operators and other road users bring better safety , And reduce carbon dioxide emissions . Volvo's millionth IOT asset is just the beginning , We are committed to maintaining a leading position in this field .”
—— CEO of Volvo Group Martin Lundstedt,2019 year 10 month
“ At Honda innovation , We are witnessing the convergence of technologies , These technologies will change the way people travel 、 Create new business opportunities and change the way we make our products . our Honda Xcelerator Innovators seeking change in travel experience , And ours Honda Developer Studio Will provide the best resources for developers and partners interested in the development of networked vehicles .”
—— CEO of Honda innovation Nick Sugimoto,2019 year 4 month
2.2 Typical IOT applications
traffic / Typical applications of the Internet of things in transportation include telematics and fleet management solutions . These solutions will be connected to the in car operation through local systems , Can be provided such as battery monitoring 、 Tire pressure monitoring 、 Vehicle diagnosis and monitoring services such as driver monitoring or simple vehicle tracking .
2.3 Case study of IOT platform support project
Case study 3： Fleet Monitoring and management .KWRL Transportation partner operates a large school bus fleet in Washington state , The fleet is currently in use Samsara Wireless fleet tracking platform to coordinate routes and ensure buses are running as planned . The real-time fleet monitoring system can provide real-time positioning of buses 、 Tracking the status of parking panel and emergency light through sensors , It can automatically decode the engine fault code alarm , So that the team can immediately determine the severity of the failure , And complete route history can be recorded , To help operators build more intelligent routes and expand fleet size .
Case study 4：OmniBus Fleet operation optimization .OnniBus.com It is the leading long distance bus service provider in Finland , By using Telia Online vehicle solutions , A more simplified and sustainable mode of transportation operation has been constructed , The solution aims to optimize the operation of heavy equipment and reduce fuel consumption through real-time operation data .
Case study 5：Caledonian Driver behavior tracking . In Aberdeen, Scotland Caledonian Logistics Specializing in the transport of pallets , By using MyGeotab The system monitors the fleet and tracks driver behavior . The system can diagnose and guide the driver's status by using the dashboard of the team , And can send out alarm in case of abnormal activity .
3、 Application fields of Internet of things —— Energy sector
Global energy consumption is expected to be in the future 25 Growth over the year 40％, Therefore, the demand for smart energy solutions is gradually increasing . The Internet of things will revolutionize the energy industry from power generation to transmission to distribution , And change the way energy companies interact with their customers .
“ Through the Internet of things , We hope to significantly increase the productivity and scope of advanced analytical functions , Create greater economic value for Shell's operations . The Internet of things can help us optimize our existing investments in data and cloud infrastructure , At the same time speed up AI Realization of application landing value , So that we can be more agile and efficient , Better customer service .”
—— Shell Group CIO Jay Crotts,2019 year 9 month
“ The Internet of things does not exist only in the future . Today, , Advanced sensors have been able to monitor and transfer grid data . The sensor transmits the collected information to the gateway , And the data center through machine learning algorithm and increasingly complex data reading model for detailed processing . This process has a significant effect on the improvement of power grid efficiency .”
——Ebio Head of infrastructure and network digital center Fabio Veronese,2018 year 11 month
3.2 Typical IOT applications
The energy sector accounts for all the identified projects within the scope of the study 11%, Slightly higher than the 2018 Year of 10%. Most projects in the energy sector are more focused on energy distribution 、 Power grid optimization 、 Remote asset monitoring and management 、 Predictive maintenance and greater transparency for deep customers .
3.3 Case study of IOT platform support project
Case study 6：Exelon Forecasting model of wind power generation based on . American utility company Exelon utilize GE Of Predix Wind prediction accuracy optimized by platform , So as to improve the performance of its wind farm 70%.GE According to the Exelon The historical data provided create a wind power forecasting model based on physical statistics , The influence of seasonality and timeliness was considered , They integrate different data sources , And in Predix Cloud Operation analysis in the platform , The prediction results can be obtained in a few seconds .
Case study 7：Enel Enhanced power grid reliability solution based on . In order to improve the reliability of power grid and reduce the occurrence of faults , Italian multinational energy company Enel Deployed for five control centers C3.ai Predictive maintenance application . The application analyzes real-time network sensor data by using artificial intelligence 、 Smart meter data 、 Asset maintenance records and weather data, etc , It can effectively predict feeder fault .
4、 Application fields of Internet of things —— retail
More and more retailers are realizing that , They can improve cost-effectiveness and in store customer experience through innovative IOT applications . Retailers are increasingly interested in digital stores and creating smarter processes —— Retail now accounts for all research projects 9％, Much higher than 2018 Year of 5％.
“ It's exciting to collect and tap the potential of data more effectively . We are learning how to use IOT technology to help us work in different ways . We are improving a lot of processes , And provide better tools and technology for employees .”
—— CEO of Wal Mart Doug McMillon,2018 year 10 month
“ We are seeing the integration of highly automated voice activated digital assistant forms with Internet of things Technology , It can handle purchasing matters through any interface with the retailer's ordering system .”
——Sumit Mitra CEO Tesco Bengaluru,2017 year 12 month
4.2 Typical IOT applications
Typical IOT retail solutions include in store digital signage 、 Customer tracking and participation 、 Commodity monitoring and inventory management and intelligent vending machine .
4.3 Case study of IOT platform support project
Case study 8：nuMedia Hybrid reality solutions for . Headquartered in the United States nuMedia It was used by Digi Innovative digital host solutions for support ——PRSONA. The scheme simulates the human experience , Can bring better customer experience for users . for example , Intelligent digital kiosk with interactive self help hologram , These holograms and digital signs show the company's brand personality , Act as a virtual sales representative and product expert at the front line of the store , To attract customers and analyze their participation automatically .
Case study 9：Art of Shaving Enhance customer analysis system . American high end men's shaving and skin care accessories retailers The Art of Sharning With the help of RetailNext The solution compares the performance of each retail store . The solution monitors various detailed indicators , Be able to get the store accurately KPI, The conversion rate was analyzed , Store specification can be issued and store abnormal data can be obtained at any time , It can also help the store to customize the planning to seize the potential business opportunities .
5、 Application fields of Internet of things —— Smart city
Smart city is developing rapidly around the world .IMD The smart city index focuses on how to look at the scope and impact of urban intelligence from the perspective of citizens , The index will be Singapore 、 Zurich and Oslo are listed as 2019 Three cities with the highest level of intelligence in , The second is Geneva 、 Copenhagen 、 Auckland 、 Taipei 、 Helsinki 、 Bilbao Dusseldorf . More and more cities begin to pay attention to the concept of smart city from the perspective of citizens ：
“ My main task is to fundamentally rethink the smart city , This means rethinking the Internet of things 、 How will big data and other technologies focus more on serving the people .”
—— Chief technology officer, smart city, Barcelona Francesca Bria,2019 year 10 month
“ Open IOT data is the center of all smart cities . We are trying to make data available to the public , This is not just to ensure transparency , Or is it because our citizens also need to know more about the status quo .”
—— Head of urban data, Copenhagen, Denmark Winn Nielsen,2019 year 11 month
The proportion of smart city projects and 2018 The analysis data of the year decreased , There are many reasons for this , Including long bidding time 、 It takes a long time to prepare to launch the smart city project and the need to consider the political issues of the city . for example , The CEO of an IOT platform start-up recently contacted IoT Analytics Share the ：“ occasionally , The bidding time of smart city is too long , Start ups cannot survive long enough to wait for the process to complete , As a result, these projects tend to favor established suppliers ”.
5.2 Typical IOT applications
Typical IOT projects in smart city include intelligent transportation （ Intelligent parking lot 、 traffic control ）、 utilities （ Intelligent garbage collection 、 lighting ）、 Public safety （ Video surveillance ） And environmental monitoring （ air pollution ）.
5.3 Case study of IOT platform support project
Case study 10： Amsterdam intelligence LED Lighting project . Amsterdam's smart lighting project was launched in Hoekenrodeplein The square is deployed 144 individual LED Smart streetlights, cameras and public WIFI The Internet , It can realize the remote control of street lamp , It can automatically adapt to different lighting conditions .
Case study 11： Sensor data sharing platform in Singapore . Singapore through the use of integrated sensor platforms Smart Nation Sensor Platform To collect 、 analysis 、 Sharing data from networked sensors and devices , To improve urban planning on the island 、 Traffic and public safety issues . These data sources include resident meters 、 Traffic counter 、 Surveillance camera and street lamp post .
6、 Application fields of Internet of things —— Health field
The Internet of things is developing slowly in the field of health care . however , Massive outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia , Things seem to be changing . Data show that , Digital health solutions related novel coronavirus pneumonia are developing rapidly. , Including telemedicine consultation 、 Digital diagnosis 、 Specific Internet of things health applications such as remote monitoring and robot assistance ...... The outbreak of the novel coronavirus pneumonia has made the healthcare industry the focus of attention. , Many senior managers have noticed ：
“ technology 、 Data and communication methods have wide applicability , The current novel coronavirus pneumonia can be managed through telemedicine and remote care , To help improve existing healthcare solutions . Global demand is on the rise , More and more patients are receiving telemedicine . for example , In many health care systems , The number of global online consulting has increased 50 To 100 times . Even after the end of the epidemic , These solutions still exist in a wide market .”
—— Chief digital officer, GE Healthcare Amit Phadnis,2020 year 5 month
“ The outbreak of the novel coronavirus pneumonia can tell us how many patients benefit from technology and application , This has promoted the digital transformation of medical industry . up to now , Novel coronavirus pneumonia is the main lesson I learned from the new crown pneumonia crisis. —— We need more open and transparent communication , To solve those structures and processes that have failed .”
—— Chief digital officer, Berlin charity University Peter Gocke Doctor
6.2 Typical IOT applications
The hospital 、 Typical medical IOT projects in the clinic include medical equipment monitoring 、 Medical team coordination 、 Optimize workflow operation, etc , The outpatient centered solution includes patient monitoring 、 Assisted living 、 Elderly care and drug management .
6.3 Case study of IOT platform support project
Case study 12：Medisanté Remote patient monitoring .Medisanté Through the ( This includes battery life and the general health of the equipment ) Continuous monitoring , Simplified remote patient monitoring challenges , So as to realize the ability of personalized nursing for patients anytime and anywhere , It can also provide the nursing team with a real-time view of the patient's health status and activities .
Case study 13：Medtronic Connect the pacemaker .Medtronic The connected pacemaker is a small device implanted in the chest or abdomen , It can be used to treat patients with slow or irregular heart beat . The device can collect, for example, transmission history 、 Battery information 、 Physical activity and vital signs tracking data , It can stimulate myocardium with electric pulse , Bring the heart rhythm back to normal speed .
7、 Application fields of Internet of things —— Supply chain
As the supply chain extends more and more to end customers , This makes the flow of goods more complex , Logistics providers are increasingly demanding digital solutions for integrated connectivity . American logistics provider Kenco A recent survey found that ,56% Supply chain professionals currently have plans to invest in sensors and the Internet of things , In order to seek more efficient supply chain operation mode , This is more than 2017 Year of 42% Rising .
“A.P. Moller-Maersk Has transformed from a diversified group to a global logistics company focused on integration and digitization . In the past year , Our digital service delivery has greatly increased , More and more customers begin to explore the choice of remote management of their supply chain .”
——A.P. Moller-Maersk CEO Søren Skou,2020 year 5 month
“DHL Integration of IOT innovation , To build the future digital supply chain system . This will change our collection 、 Ways to analyze and use data , It will eventually change the way we work . By monitoring operational activities in real time rather than retrospectively , We can interpret the data more effectively , The process or warehouse layout can be designed immediately , To improve operational efficiency 、 Solve the potential safety blind spot in warehouse .”
——DHL Coo supply chain Markus Voss.2019 year 5 month
7.2 Typical IOT applications
A typical supply chain IOT project includes asset tracking 、 Condition monitoring 、 Inventory and storage management 、 Autopilot 、 Human computer interaction, etc . The outbreak of Xinguan highlights the value of tracking the Internet of things in the whole supply chain . Unfortunately , Recent months have shown such a grim reality ： With the disruption of global supply chain , Even vital medical and personal protective equipment may be out of stock . This understanding has become an important driving force of supply chain IOT tracking solutions , This will help the company to maintain control over the supply chain resources in the future 、 Comprehensive understanding and quick response .
7.3 Case study of IOT platform support project
Case study 14： Rotterdam's Internet of things port . Rotterdam port uses sensors in its huge terminal facilities , Continuously collect relevant air temperature 、 The wind speed 、 Relative humidity 、 Turbidity and salinity of water and current 、 The water level 、 Real time data of tides and currents . There are even “ Digital Dolphin ”、 Smart dock wall and sensor equipped buoy , And is exploring solutions to connect containers , In order to use artificial intelligence to more accurately predict the best time to berth and leave the cargo ship in the port , This reduces waiting time and costs .
Case study 15：DHL Smart tray solution .DHL Intelligent pallets are being used for real-time freight monitoring （ for example , Embedded sensors can be used to detect geographic movement 、 Delay 、 shock 、 Temperature etc. ）.
8、 Application fields of Internet of things —— Agriculture
It is estimated that , To 2050 year , near 100 The food demand of 100 million people will be more than 2020 Years higher than at least 70％. One way to solve this challenge is to develop smart agriculture . Internet of things sensors can help farmers make more informed decisions , Thus, higher crop yields can be achieved by reducing the use of fertilizers and pesticides 、 Produce higher quality products and save costs . Some CEOs believe that the Internet of things will be an important way to change the agricultural industry ：
“ Agriculture needs some momentum to drive productivity growth and sustainable intensification of food production , We believe that the Internet of things is the foundation of future agricultural development .”
——Ros Harvey It's an Australian start-up The Yield The managing director of ,
Cooperate with Bosch to develop intelligent agricultural solutions .2019 year 6 month
“J Using information technology and Internet of things services in agriculture , It is as transformative as the introduction of self-propelled machines into agriculture a century ago . We believe that the precision agriculture practices used today are the future of agriculture —— One is constantly intelligent 、 Growing and more efficient farms lay the foundation .”
——John May,John Deere CEO ,2017 year 3 month
8.2 Typical IOT applications
Typical intelligent agriculture projects include agricultural precision management 、 Livestock monitoring 、 Irrigation management and can be used to measure farms 、 Drawing fields 、 Automated UAV spraying crops , Case analysis shows that ,LPWAN And other innovative technologies are paving the way for the development of Intelligent Agriculture in the field of Internet of things . low power consumption 、 Remote transmission 、 Lower cost LPWAN It can meet the main network requirements of key applications in the industry , It's about collecting local agricultural conditions （ Including weather 、 Soil moisture 、 Soil chemical composition and other environmental conditions ） Ideal choice for data . Besides , Because the deployment is simple 、 The cost is low , use LPWAN Coverage can also be expanded to monitor more assets .
8.3 Case study of IOT platform support project
Case study 16：Kwekerij Greenhouse networking system .“ We have a better understanding of the temperature at the growth stage of pepper , The greenhouse climate can be adjusted accordingly . Based on this information , We can constantly improve the quality of our products , At the same time, reduce energy costs .''
——Sander Berkers, Netherlands Kwekerij Moors Pepper Farm executive director ,2019 year 1 month
Case study 17：Hake Dairy solutions .“ Every morning after I get up and put on my boots , I'm not going to the stables first , I'm going to check my computer for alarms , In this way, I can find out whether there is any abnormality at the first time . When a cow starts to get sick , Or is it eating less than expected because it starts to get sick , My computer will receive a warning light .”
——Steffen Hake, Germany Wagenfeld Ströhen Dairy farmers ,2015 year 8 month
9、 Application fields of Internet of things —— The construction industry
As 2019 Part of annual energy efficiency index research ,Johnson Controls To the United States 400 Energy and facilities management executives conducted the survey . He found that ,71% The company invested in the improvement of intelligent building control system , More than half of the enterprises have implemented enterprise wide intelligent building management system . Most innovative connectivity solutions are designed to improve productivity and efficiency through complete building lifecycle management , At the same time, reduce operating costs .
“ Buildings have existed for thousands of years , But it has been unable to sense the entry or exit of human beings . Now , Through digitization and the Internet of things , Architecture can understand the occupants , It can not only provide feedback to households , Feedback can also be provided to facility managers and owners . therefore , For me, , Intelligent building is more than just standing there , It's about understanding the environment 、 Interaction 、 Learning and adapting architecture .”
——Cedrik Neike, CEO of Siemens Intelligent Infrastructure ,2019 year 10 month
“ Real estate owners and managers have been looking for ways to reduce costs and improve tenant satisfaction . We believe that , Introducing intelligence into architecture 、 Improve facilities management 、 Analysis of how residents and visitors use the building , Is the best way to meet their needs . We're taking advantage of digitization 、 Artificial intelligence and Internet of things technology optimize the use of all levels of the building , Make architecture a pleasant job 、 Places to visit and live .”
——Michael Cesarz, CEO of ThyssenKrupp Elevator Company ,2018 year 9 month
9.2 Typical IOT applications
A typical networked building project involves building systems （HVAC、 lighting 、 The elevator 、 smoke detector 、 Fire extinguisher ） Facility automation and monitoring 、 Building utilization and safety （ Room use 、 visit 、 monitor ） etc. .
9.3 Case study of IOT platform support project
Case study 18：thyssenkrupp Elevator networking solutions . ThyssenKrupp in its innovative test tower in rotwell, Germany , By using Willow Twin（ Digital virtual model of physical building ） The maintenance of buildings has been innovated , And enhance the user experience of tenants and visitors .
Case study 19： Online shopping center in Finland . ESPO, Finland Leppävaara A shopping center in the district is using the Eggsunimedia Of Navigator Software to monitor and analyze ventilation systems in many places and stores 、 Room sensor and lighting system . The system can help shopping centers save money 680 Megawatt hours of electricity and 800 Megawatt hour central heating —— That's about half of last year's consumption , And reduced about 11 Energy cost of 10000 Euro .
10、 Application fields of Internet of things —— other
Only a few （3%） The landing project of is not included in other projects 9 Categories .
10.2 Typical IOT applications
Support in other areas IoT Example projects for the platform include hotels 、 Enterprises 、 Projects in finance and sports .
10.3 Case study of IOT platform support project
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