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Win10 terminal + WSL 2 installation and configuration guide, exquisite development experience

2020-11-08 10:35:45 Oso eijo4qvb

since Windows Terminal It hasn't been used since it was officially released Windows The system has its own terminal . Mainly Terminal Simple and flexible , More importantly, it supports special Fonts , Through some simple configuration, it can make the terminal look more comfortable and eye-catching .

since Win 10 With Linux Subsystem (WSL), It's been on the computer for a long time vmware The virtual machine software is unloaded .WSL Good experience , Who knows .

Let's first show you my personal configuration renderings :

install WSL 2

WSL,Windows Subsystem for Linux( Apply to Linux Of Windows Subsystem ) Abbreviation . It has two versions ,WSL 1 and WSL 2. It is recommended to use WSL 2, It has better overall performance .

install WSL 2, For different architectures CUP Different Win10 Version for . For the sake of simplicity , You just need to make sure your Win10 The version number is 2004( Internal version 19041 Or higher ) that will do .PS: Use  win + r  Input  winver  You can quickly view Windows edition .

If your Win10 Version number is lower than 2004, You can use Windows 10 Easy lift tool manual upgrade . download Windows 10 Easy lift tool :

https://www.microsoft.com/zh-cn/software-download/windows10

Download and double-click to run , Wait for the upgrade to complete ( The upgrade process is quite long ).

install WSL 2 Before , Must enable “ Virtual machine platform ” Optional features . Open as Administrator PowerShell, Execute the following command :

dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:VirtualMachinePlatform /all /norestart

Next you need to install Linux Distribution version . Open the Microsoft app store , Search for Ubuntu, Select the latest long-term support version from the list 20.04 LTS And install .

Use any terminal , Enter the following command to view WSL edition , Make sure WSL The version is 2.0:

$ wsl -l -v
  NAME            STATE           VERSION
* Ubuntu-20.04    Stopped         2

If you have installed before WSL, Not at present WSL 2 edition , You can set it with the following command WSL Default version :

wsl --set-version Ubuntu-20.04 2

PS: from WSL 1 Update to WSL 2 It may take a few minutes to complete , Depending on the size of the target distribution .

install Terminal

Open the Microsoft app store , Search for “Terminal”, install , The open interface looks like this :

By default, it is turned on PownerShell terminal , We can set it on by default Ubuntu terminal . Click on the drop-down triangle to the right of the tab , Select Settings :

Will open a JSON The configuration file , stay  profiles->list  Find Ubuntu Of guid And copy .

Paste it at the beginning of the file  defaultProfile  Value :

install oh-my-zsh

We need to install some extra fonts to support oh-my-zsh Show special symbols . open PowerShell, Execute the following commands in turn Powerline Font set :

git clone https://github.com/powerline/fonts.git
cd fonts
.\install.ps1

Then install zsh:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install git zsh -y

Install again oh-my-zsh:

sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/master/tools/install.sh)"

If the following error is reported in this step :

curl: (7) Failed to connect to raw.githubusercontent.com port 443: Connection refused

There are many solutions , Please resolve by yourself .

installed oh-my-zsh after , edit  ~/.zshrc  file , Set the theme to  agnoster

Open again Terminal Of JSON The configuration file , stay  schemes  Add a theme to , The subject name is optional , Here for  wsl2

"schemes": [
    {
        "name" : "wsl2",
        "background" : "#002B36",
        "black" : "#002B36",
        "blue" : "#268BD2",
        "brightBlack" : "#657B83",
        "brightBlue" : "#839496",
        "brightCyan" : "#D33682",
        "brightGreen" : "#B58900",
        "brightPurple" : "#EEE8D5",
        "brightRed" : "#CB4B16",
        "brightWhite" : "#FDF6E3",
        "brightYellow" : "#586E75",
        "cyan" : "#2AA198",
        "foreground" : "#93A1A1",
        "green" : "#859900",
        "purple" : "#6C71C4",
        "red" : "#DC322F",
        "white" : "#93A1A1",
        "yellow" : "#B58900"
    }
],

Then in the JSON File the wsl The theme of the terminal is set to  wsl2  The theme , And change the font to one you like Powerline typeface :

The last step , And a little bit of beautification : Remove the machine name from the command line , And adjust the background color of the user name . edit agnoster topic file :

vi ~/.oh-my-zsh/themes/agnoster.zsh-theme

hold 92 Change the line to :

prompt_segment green black "%(!.%{%F{yellow}%}.)%n"

Revised as follows :

close Terminal Open it again , The effect is as follows :

Configuration complete !

Of course , You can go, too Google My favorite theme , For example, brighter Dracula The theme :

If you encounter problems in the installation and configuration process , Please leave a message .

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