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模型预测准确率高达94%!利用机器学习完美解决2000亿美元库存难题

2020-11-07 20:15:44 InfoQ

{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"italic"},{"type":"strong"}],"text":"本文最初发表于 Towards Data Science 博客,经原作者 Fabrizio Fantini 授权,InfoQ 中文站翻译并分享。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"你知道吗?单是在美国,就有价值"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.census.gov\/mtis\/www\/data\/pdf\/mtis_current.pdf","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"超过 2 "}]},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.census.gov\/mtis\/www\/data\/pdf\/mtis_current.pdf","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"万亿"}]},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.census.gov\/mtis\/www\/data\/pdf\/mtis_current.pdf","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"美元的库存"}]},{"type":"text","text":","},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.census.gov\/mtis\/www\/data\/pdf\/mtis_current.pdf","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"每售出 1 美元,就有超过 1.4 美元的库存"}]},{"type":"text","text":"。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"这一数字至少超过了 2000 亿美元,甚至可能更多。理由如下。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"商品库存通常都是容易腐烂的:有些商品会随着趋势的变化而失去价值;有些商品是季节性的,季节性对需求起着重要作用;有些商品则只是过期了或被浪费掉了;有些商品可能会在货架上存放了更长时间。一切终将消逝。并且,由于所需的财务成本,储备库存无论如何都是很昂贵的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"如今,消费者的选择范围越来越广:他们正在充分利用这种多样性,并变得比以往更有选择性。无论是在 B2B 还是 B2C,都是如此。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"新的分析技术应运而生,可以"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"将这种浪费的库存削减 10% 或更多"},{"type":"text","text":"。我已经不止"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.hbs.edu\/faculty\/Pages\/item.aspx?num=55823","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"一次"}]},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/evo.ltd\/microsoft","title":"","type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"这样做"}]},{"type":"text","text":"了,所以我知道它行得通;那么,这个故事中最吸引人的地方在哪里?"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":">最好的解决方案不只是机器学习,而是将机器学习与人类输入结合起来。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"让我们继续阅读,来了解我那难以置信的经历。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"回顾与展望"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}}]}

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