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It's time for your financial report to change to a more advanced style -- financial analysis cockpit

2020-11-06 20:07:11 The sail is soft

 

Near the end of the year , It's time for the financial man to work overtime to catch up with the report , Spell it Excel Skill 、 Fight fast 、 Work hard to stay up late , A sense of anxiety arises !

however , This time at the end of the year , Remove the usual financial statements , There are also financial reports on different topics : In this department , The director of , That theme ...... The CFO even needs to do a variety of data analysis around the operation .

Speaking of this , Many people may not be able to analyze it clearly Financial statements 、 The difference between financial reporting and financial analysis , Let's first explain :

Financial statements It's the conventional cash flow statement 、 Balance sheet 、 Income statement , This is for outsiders to see , For example, investors , Reflecting the operation of an enterprise . Although these tables can also be used within the company , But it's not easy to use , Generally, internal financial reports are used internally .

Financial report That's the internal report , Is to provide data reports to the company's internal managers , General managers report what they need , According to the demand . Financial reporting covers a wide range of issues , Except for the financial accounts , There are a lot of businesses like sales 、 marketing 、 Financial data will be involved in supply chain, etc , This kind of information is usually summarized and displayed , So that the managers have some understanding of the business operation . therefore , Financial report is actually a summary of the data , Usually there will be a fixed report format or a fixed indicator display .

financial analysis The point is to analyze , It's a process of judgment , On the one hand, it is to evaluate the current financial situation and operating results , Find the problem , The analysis reason , Make a decision ; On the other hand, it forecasts the future business performance , Evaluate future investment , Affect the future direction of business . Financial analysis is different from financial reporting , Financial reporting is more like a labor process , And financial analysis is more like the job of the helmsman .

We often make fun of financial people Cousin, cousin , In fact, it's just a report form , Summarize the data every day 、 Input data ,excel Submit the summary format ,“ Manual operators ”, It's not really financial data analysis , And I didn't use much financial knowledge .

For example, you sort all kinds of financial data into Excel, Form a summary report , Make a more advanced form , Then print it into a thick stack and give it to the leader , Every month and every quarter goes round and round .—— This is the process of financial reporting .

For example, you can visually report financial data according to the theme , And then try to analyze the decline in profits from the data , The reason for the rise in costs . And then to marketing 、 Production and other related links to find out the cause of the business —— This process is actually the process of financial analysis .

So much has been said before , In fact, I would like to encourage the financial people to do analysis and do a good job in financial reports . The end of the year is a critical year , On the one hand, financial reports affect the direction of the company's operation this year and next year ; On the other hand, it is also related to our financial people who can go back home happily for the new year .

that , How to make a beautiful financial report satisfactory to the senior management at the end of the year ?

Since the purpose of financial reporting is to give managers an idea of the company's current status , Have a clear idea of the future , In fact, it is very important to show what indicators and how to show them .

I've seen a lot of Finance leader In the summary of the report, table 1、 surface 2、 surface 3 A list of , The data is not finely aggregated , The logic between the tables can't be understood by non-financial people , There is no indication where the data came from , It's a bit of a deal . Of course , There's also some finance leader More professional , Try to make the report more specialized and beautiful , But there are also problems with this , For example, I don't know what indicators to show to managers , What kind of chart does the data show , I don't know how to report (PPT、Excel,web On-line ) Exhibition .

Actually , One of the most popular ways to do this is “ Financial analysis cockpit ”, All kinds of business information will be refined , Select the core business financial indicators to reflect the truth of the business . Generally speaking, financial results are determined by non-financial factors , Such as strategy 、 Business model 、 user 、 product 、 Technology, etc. , therefore “ Financial cockpit ” It's not just about financial indicators , We also need to go deep into the business and external environment to find the real value drivers , To make high-quality decisions .

Let's show you two simple examples :

This is a GM cockpit and dashboard style based on the management reporting perspective :

 It's time for your financial statements to be more sophisticated —— Financial analysis cockpit

 

This is a visual display of a control panel based on the financial manager's perspective :

 It's time for your financial statements to be more sophisticated —— Financial analysis cockpit

 

that , How to do financial analysis cockpit

cockpit / How is the dashboard designed ? just Excel The model? ? Absolutely not ! such as :

Where is the data coming from , What caliber ?

  • How to consider the indicators in this , Can charts be linked to each other ?
  • The graph inside shows 、 Color matching 、 How the layout is implemented ?
  • How often is this data updated , Is it real-time update
  • Is this done by the finance department or IT The technical department does ?

Tool implementation level

If you have ready-made source data , That's very easy , A lot less consolidated data 、 Data processing , Just think about how to make a beautiful and valuable cockpit .

A lot of tools can implement , Everybody can use it Excel、 A little bit of code technology can be used Echarts Front end drawing , And then there's the analysis BI Tools . I've used all three of them , Personal feelings :

Excel It's just that the threshold is low , Actually make a cockpit , I can't help writing macro code 、 Can operate various functions skillfully , Can use table interaction and difference excel Document interaction , The difficulty is not low , It's hard to bite off without taking a class . And data, if it exists Excel Of , Data addition and maintenance is also a problem .

Ecahrts Yes, you can write JS, If you've learned technology, you can , If you don't know the technology, just ignore it , Or find the company IT Development .

BI Tools are highly recommended , such as FineBI, They are used to do analysis and visualization reports , The operation is similar to Excel The PivotTable of , The advantage is the processing of data , The design of visual chart basically does not involve code , At most, write two functions for data processing , It's relatively easy to get started .

 It's time for your financial statements to be more sophisticated —— Financial analysis cockpit

 

So the next step is to FineBI Tools, for example , Let's talk about the production process and key points .

1、 Business needs research

① Mainly according to the management cockpit display scene , Extract key indicators .

 It's time for your financial statements to be more sophisticated —— Financial analysis cockpit

 

② Then determine the dimensions that each indicator presents , It's the proportion class 、 Trend class 、 Ratio class .... For example, revenue , It's a way of comparison ( It's like a comparison ), Or in the form of distribution .

③ Finally, the type of visualization chart is determined according to the dimension displayed : Histogram 、 Broken line diagram 、 Map 、 The pie chart ... If you're not sure what chart to use ,finebi According to the data you select , Automatically recommend charts .

2、 Visual design of cockpit

according to finebi The production process of , First import / Linked data —— Processing data ( Table merge 、 Field calculation 、 New, etc )—— Design a visual chart around the indicators —— Layout of cockpit interface .

then , Typesetting needs attention , To set up according to the business indicators set before :

  • Lord : The core business indicators are in the middle 、 Take up a large area , Most of them are dynamic maps
  • Time : Secondary indicators are on both sides of the screen , Most of them are charts
  • Auxiliary : The content of auxiliary analysis , It can be linked by drilling 、 The carousel shows
 It's time for your financial statements to be more sophisticated —— Financial analysis cockpit

 

Last , After the design is finished, it goes online , Look at the key visual elements 、 Font size 、 Page dynamics 、 Whether graphs, charts, etc. are displayed as expected 、 Whether there is deformation 、 Dislocation, etc .

In depth methodology level

Just at the production level , If you have a complete and cleaner data source . But in many cases : The company's data are scattered in various business systems , For example, sales data in CRM, Financial data in ERP, The data needs to get through . In addition, there is a mature financial analysis system , Because you need to sort out the indicators in the early stage , The company is big , This needs to be done specially .

therefore , Most of the time, we will do the company's financial analysis system and finally show the cockpit , This is the process :

1、 Establish a financial system in line with the company's business logic ;

2、 Collect existing financial statements ( data ), Sort out the financial indicators , Including the determination of coding rules 、 Standard definition, etc ;

3、 build ( Or integration ) Report platform , Unified financial statement management ( Fill in and process );

4、 Combine finance with linked data from other business units , Display in the same cockpit , Through the multi-dimensional comparative analysis, we found the hidden problems , Provide data for decision makers .

The tools used in this process are usually BI Tools or reporting tools , That's why I didn't recommend it at first Excel Do financial analysis of the reasons for the cockpit !

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