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Let the front-end siege division develop independently from the back-end: Mock.js

2020-11-06 01:17:08 :::::::

One .Mock.js What is it? ?

At present, most of the company's projects are based on the separation of front end and back end , The development of the back-end interface and the front-end personnel are carried out at the same time . Then there will be a problem at this time , Before a page needs to be rendered with a large amount of data , The back-end developer's interface may not be finished , As the front end, we have no way to get data . therefore The front-end engineer needs to simulate the data provided by the back-end personnel according to the interface document , In this way, the development of the page .

This is the time , Mock.js The function of , In case of large amount of data , We don't have to write data one by one , Just fill in the data format according to the interface document , Mock.js It can automatically generate a large number of simulation data on demand . And Mock.js Provides a large number of data types , Including text , Numbers , Boolean value , date , mailbox , link , picture , Color, etc. .

This article is a brief introduction to Mock.js Provided grammar , And I'd like to introduce how I usually use Mock.js To make it easier to develop .

Two . Download and import Mock.js

1. download Mock.js

Mock.js Provides a variety of download methods , In this paper, the most commonly used npm give an example , Just type... On the command line npm install mockjs Can finish Mock.js The download .

2. introduce Mock.js

Mock.js Exposed a global Mock object , We just need to put Mock Object is introduced into the file , call Mock The method of object can be

  • CommonJS How to introduce
//CommonJS introduce 
let Mock = require('mockjs)

// call Mock.mock() Methods simulate data 
let data = Mock.mock({
'list|1-10': [{
  'id|+1': 1
}]
});
console.log(data);
  • ES6 How to introduce
//ES6 How to introduce 
import Mock from 'mockjs'

let data = Mock.mock({
'list|1-10': [{
  'id|+1': 1
}]
});
console.log(data);

3、 ... and .Mock.js The simple grammar of

Mock The object provides 4 A way , Namely Mock.mock(), Mock.setup(), Mock.valid, Mock.toJSONSchema(), A tool library Mock.Random. One of the things we often use is Mock.mock() and Mock.Random.

1. Mock.js The specification of

The second part introduces Mock.js The following parts of the code can reflect Mock.js Grammatical norms of

'list|1-10': [{
  'id|+1': 1
}]

The above code is called a data template , Used to tell Mock.js What kind of data is generated , Each attribute in the data template consists of three parts : Property name , Generate rules , Property value :

  • list Is the attribute name in the data template ;
  • 1-10 For generating rules ( It means that the generation is the least 1 individual , most 10 Duplicate data )
  • [{'id|+1': 1}] It's property value , Property names and generation rules can be nested in property values .

For specific generation rules, see : https://github.com/nuysoft/Mo...

2. Mock.mock()

Mock.mock() Method is used to generate simulation data based on the data template , I often use the following two ways of transmitting reference :

  • Mock.mock(template): According to the data template template Generate simulation data
let data = Mock.mock({
data: {
  'products|10-20': [{
    name: ' mobile phone ',
    price: 1000
  }]
}
})
console.log(data);
  • Mock.mock(url, template): The address of the interception request is url Of ajax request , And according to the data template template Generate simulation data
let data = Mock.mock('api/products' , {
data: {
  'products|10-20': [{
    name: ' mobile phone ',
    price: 1000
  }]
}
})

// Use jquery Ajax Send a request 
$.ajax({
  url: 'api/products',
  type: 'GET',
  success: function(res) {
    console.log(res);
  }
})

3. Mock.Random

Mock.Random yes Mock.js Provide a tool class , Used to generate several commonly used data .

  • Generating Boolean values
// Use @ Placeholder way 
 let data = Mock.mock({
    data: {
      boolean: '@boolean'
    }
  })
  console.log(data);
  
// Use Mock.Random How to call a function 
  let data = Mock.mock({
    data: {
      boolean: Mock.Random.boolean()
    }
  })
  console.log(data);
  • Generated on
  let data = Mock.mock({
    data: {
      date: Mock.Random.date('yyyy-MM-dd')
    }
  })
  console.log(data);

Mock.js Support rich date format customization : https://github.com/nuysoft/Mo...

  • Generate pictures
  let data = Mock.mock({
    data: {
    // Used to generate highly customized image addresses 
      imgURL: Mock.Random.image()
    }
  })
  console.log(data);
  • Generate name
 let data = Mock.mock({
    data: {
      // Generate an English name 
      name: Mock.Random.name(),
      // Generate a Chinese name 
      chineseName: Mock.Random.cname()
    }
  })
  console.log(data);

more Mock.Random Data provided by the tool library : https://github.com/nuysoft/Mo...

Four . stay Vue Project use Mock.js

Take the data simulating a login interface as an example :

1. Write a single mockData.js File as the generating file of virtual data .

//mockData.js

import Mock from 'mockjs'

let Random = Mock.Random;


// User login information 
let userInfo = Mock.mock({
  data: {
    responseCode: 200,
    responseMessage: 'success',
    userMessage: {
      email: Random.email(),
      'id|1-10': 1,
      realName: Random.cname(),
      roleCodes: 'admin',
      username: Random.first()
    }
  }
})



let mockData = {
  userInfo: userInfo
}

export default mockData;

2. Use vuex To control whether to use mock.js The data of

// src/store/index.js

import Vue from 'vue'
import Vuex from 'vuex'
import mutations from './mutations'
import actions from './actions'

Vue.use(Vuex);

const state = {
  // Using simulated data ,  It's just for development ,  If it's not development time ,  Please be sure to set to false
  useMock: true
}

export default new Vuex.Store({
  state,
  mutations,
  actions
})

3. stay Login.vue To implement the request login method

//Login.vue

import mockData from '../utils/mockData.js'

exwport default {
  ...
  
  methods: {
    fetchUserInfo() {
      // If vuex in userMock by true
      if (this.$store.state.useMock) {
        // Use a delayer to simulate asynchrony 
        window.setTimeout(() => {
          let res = mockData.userInfo;
          // Business logic 
        }, 1000);
        return;
      }
      
      // If vuex in userMock by false
      this.$axios.post('api/login', params).then(res => {
        // Business logic 
      });
    }
  }
}

As can be seen in the Login.vue Of fetchUserInfo() In the method , If userMock by true, What will be used is mock.js Simulation data in ; If useMock by false, Using the Ajax Requested data . The good thing about that is , You just need to vuex I'd like to make a change in , You can control the use of Ajax Request data , Or use analog data . In this way, during the joint debugging with the background , You can switch data freely !

Reference link

  1. Mock.js Official website : http://mockjs.com/

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